Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 8 năm 2015

23/09/2015
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 8 năm 2015 có các bài viết của các tác giả Phạm Xuân Nam, Nguyễn Văn Khánh-Trần Viết Nghĩa, Đinh Quang Hải, Phạm Hồng Chương, Nguyễn Văn Nhật, Nguyễn Đức Minh-Lê Thương Huyền, Nguyễn Ngọc Cơ, Nguyễn Quốc Tuấn, Võ Kim Cương.

 

MỤC LỤC

 

Phạm Xuân Nam: Cách mạng tháng Tám năm 1945 xây dựng những nền tảng ban đầu cho việc thực hiện hệ thống chính sách xã hội rộng mở trong công cuộc Đổi mới đất nước ngày nay

 

Nguyễn Văn Khánh-Trần Viết Nghĩa: Trí thức Hà Nội trong thời kỳ chuẩn bị và tiến hành Cách mạng tháng Tám năm 1945

 

Đinh Quang Hải: Đoàn kết toàn dân tộc, tập hợp mọi lực lượng yêu nước trong Mặt trận Dân tộc thống nhất là nhân tố quyết định thành công của Cách mạng tháng Tám năm 1945 ở Việt Nam

 

Phạm Hồng Chương: Giá trị đa tầng của tư tưởng Hồ Chí Minh trong tiêu chí của nhà nước mới ở Việt Nam sau Cách mạng tháng Tám năm 1945

 

Nguyễn Văn Nhật: Giá trị thực tiễn của Cách mạng tháng Tám năm 1945 đối với sự nghiệp đấu tranh giải phóng dân tộc, xây dựng và bảo vệ Tổ quốc

 

Nguyễn Đức Minh-Lê Thương Huyền: Hiến pháp năm 1946 đặt nền tảng cơ sở đầu tiên cho quá trình từng bước xây dựng, sửa đổi và hoàn thiện hệ thống pháp luật ở Việt Nam

 

Nguyễn Ngọc Cơ: Thắng lợi của Cách mạng tháng Tám năm 1945: Sự bình đẳng phát triển của các dân tộc thiểu số trên đất nước Việt Nam và một số vấn đề đặt ra trong bối cảnh hiện nay

 

Nguyễn Quốc Tuấn: Vấn đề tôn giáo - một trong những vấn đề luôn được Đảng và Nhà nước Việt Nam quan tâm đặc biệt từ sau Cách mạng tháng Tám năm 1945 đến nay

 

Võ Kim Cương: Từ bài học kết hợp sức mạnh dân tộc với sức mạnh thời đại trong Cách mạng tháng Tám năm 1945, suy nghĩ về vấn đề đoàn kết quốc tế trong giai đoạn hiện nay

 

TÓM TẮT TIẾNG ANH

 

The August Revolution of 1945 in Building of Initial Bases for the Implementing of System of Wider Social Policy in the Today’s National Reform

 

Prof. Dr. Pham Xuan Nam

Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences

 

The August Revolution in 1945, first the revolution of national liberation, overthrew colonialists and imperialists’ domination turning our nation into a new era: era of independence and freedom. The August Revolution also marked the beginning of social liberation, gradually eliminating social oppression for the masses’ vital interests.

With the establishment of the revolutionary government, the young state implemented vitally social policies in order to create a solid social base of the revolutionary government, creating it as a lucid and strong government of the people. Those strategies and policies had always to focus on care and fosterage in order to highly promote human factor which was the greatest motivation of the innovation. That is also the core and most comprehensive lesson on the social policy implementation that the August Revolution in 1945 left the today’s generation and the future.

 

Hanoi’s Intellectuals in the Preparatory and Conductive Period

of the August Revolution in 1945

 

                                                    Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Khanh

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tran Viet Nghia

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

The outbreak of the Second World War (in 1939) strongly impacted to the intelligentsia of Hanoi. Since the outbreak of the war, Hanoi intellectuals, typically young intellectuals organized various activities in the display of spirit of patriotism against foreign aggression.

Although Hanoi had many political parties, and different intellectual groups, with the right way of the struggle, the Communist Party of Indochina and Viet Minh attracted and gathered crowdedly Hanoi’s intellectuals in the front for national salvation. When the opportunity of national liberation came, Hanoi intellectuals accurately grasped it and became pioneers in timely launching and leading the masses to stand up to seize the quick victory in the General Insurrection in August 1945.

 

The National Solidarity and Assembly of All Patriotic Forces in the United National Front as the Decisive Factor of the August Revolution in 1945 in Vietnam

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dinh Quang Hai

Institute of History, VASS

 

The August Revolution in 1945 is one of the greatest historical events of Vietnam in the 20th century. It also marked the beginning of the movement for national liberation in French-ruled Asian and African colonies, considering as a turning point of Vietnam into the socialist system after the end of the Second World War

The August Revolution was successful because the Vietnamese Communist Party and President Ho Chi Minh have consistently maintained the principle of uniting the whole nation, mobilizing all patriotic forces, irrespective of religion, political stands and membership, class background, and have united the whole people in the National United Front to overthrow the French imperialists, the Japanese fascists, and the feudal rule to regain absolute independence for the fatherland.

The August Revolution 1945 leaves invaluable lessons, one of which is the decisive role of the promotion of the nationwide solidarity and the unification of all patriotic forces in the National United.

The front to the success of the revolution is also a precious lesson, the value of which remains strongly relevant to the cause of national development and defense today.

 

Multi-Layer Values of President Ho Chi Minh in the Criteria of the New State After the August Revolution in 1945

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pham Hong Chuong

Ho Chi Minh Institute and Party's Leaders

Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics

 

Raised and demonstrated by President Ho Chi Minh in the basic objectives of the new government in our country - the Democratic Republic of Vietnam founded after the victory of the August Revolution in 1945, the criteria "Independence - Freedom - Happiness" led our nation from victory to victory in the struggle to protect the peace, independence, unity of the Fatherland. Today, the whole Party and people continuously strive to perfect the values ​​of those criteria in the building and renovation of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

 

Practical Values of the August Revolution in 1945 to the Struggle for National Liberation, Building and Defense

                                                      

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Nhat

Institute of History, VASS

 

The August Revolution of 1945 is one of the great and resounding events of the Vietnamese people in the twentieth century. It overthrew the outdated feudalism, smashed the repressive domination of neo-colonialism and fascism, leading to the birth of the people's democratic government, ushering in a new era for the Vietnamese people: the Age of Independence, Freedom and Socialism.

The victory of the August Revolution in 1945 is the victory of idea and will of national independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity. It is the highest expression of strength of the entire population for the purpose of winning national independence. It also is a success of initiative in forces preparation, art of creating opportunity. It becomes further valuable and practical for the present-day national innovation, building and defense.

 

The Constitution of 1946 of Laying the Foundation of the Legal System of Vietnam and the Acquisition of Values of the 1946 Constitution in the Constitution in 2013

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Duc Minh

Le Thuong Huyen, MA

Institute of State and Law, VASS

 

The article seeks to analyze the historical values of the Constitution in 1946, and to highlight its successiveness and development of values ​​of progressive ideas in the Constitution of 2013 in the following aspects: i> acquisitions of thought on powers which belong to the people, building the rule of law on the basis of democracy; ii> recognition, respects, guarantee and protection on human rights and civil rights; iii> implementing organization of state power.

 

The Victory of the August Revolution in 1945: The Development Equality of the Ethnic Minority in Vietnam and Some Problems to be Raised in the Today’s Context

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Ngoc Co

Faculty of History

Hanoi National University of Education

 

The victory of the August Revolution in 1945 opened a new era, the period of working people who came to power, mastered the country and their own destiny. This also created the period of national and class liberation. Equalities of rights between people, ethnic communities living in Vietnam were guaranteed and respected.

During the past 70 years, although it faces many difficulties in many ways, the Party and State of Vietnam take constant interests in the problems on the nation. Since the national unification (in 1975), especially since 1986, the Communist Party of Vietnam proposed the comprehensive reform, the ethnic policies in our country have in fact achieved many important achievements.

 

Problem of Religion - One of the Problems of Being Always Paid Special Intentions by the Party and State of Vietnam since the August Revolution

 

Dr. Nguyen Quoc Tuan

Institute of Religious Studies, VASS

 

The problem of religion in the Vietnamese revolution and in the process of building socialism in Vietnam was paid great intentions by the Vietnamese Party and State since the victory of the August Revolution of 1945. It can affirm that the Party and State of Vietnam under the leadership of President Ho Chi Minh and the Central Committee in the continued periods solved successfully the problem of religion in Vietnam, contributing religious problems in national building and development for needs of the people. It can be considered the eternal lessons of Vietnam's revolution and the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam in the coming time.

 

From Lessons of Combining National with Era Strength in the August Revolution of 1945 and Some Thoughts on International Solidarity Issues at Present

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Vo Kim Cuong

Institute of History, VASS

 

Based on the historical lessons inherited from the August Revolution in 1945, in recent time, Vietnam has skillfully combined the national strength with times trend in the cause of industrialization, modernization and international integration. It in fact results in significant achievements in the protection and consolidation of national independence, sovereignty and national interests as well as in the strength of role and position of the country on international politics.

 

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.