Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 9 năm 2015

29/10/2015
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 9 năm 2015 có các bài viết của các tác giả Vũ Dương Ninh, Nguyễn Minh Tường, Ngô Minh Hiệp-Nguyễn Thị Xuân Hằng, Lê Cung-Nguyễn Thị Thanh Huyền, Hoàng Anh Tuấn, Huỳnh Thị Anh Vân, Đào Phương Chi

 

MỤC LỤC

 

Vũ Dương Ninh: Quan hệ Việt Nam - Hoa Kỳ: 220 năm và 20 năm

 

Nguyễn Minh Tường: Chính sách đối với dân tộc Chăm ở Nam Trung Bộ và Nam Bộ của vương triều Nguyễn

 

Ngô Minh Hiệp-Nguyễn Thị Xuân Hằng: Tìm hiểu việc xây dựng quốc sách ấp chiến lược của Mỹ-Diệm ở Đăk Lăk từ năm 1961 đến cuối năm 1963

 

Lê Cung-Nguyễn Thị Thanh Huyền: Phong trào công nhân Sài Gòn-Gia Định trong giai đoạn chống chiến lược "Chiến tranh đặc biệt" của Mỹ (1961-1965)

 

Hoàng Anh Tuấn: Xung quanh chuyến công du đến Thăng Long năm 1651 của Đặc sứ Hà Lan Willem Verstegen

 

Huỳnh Thị Thanh Vân: Nghi thức tang lễ cung đình châu Á nhìn từ triều đình Nguyễn Việt Nam và triều Joseon Hàn Quốc

 

TRAO ĐỔI Ý KIẾN

 

Đào Phương Chi: Bước đầu tìm hiểu về việc sử dụng các thuật ngữ "cải lương", "cải định", "cải chính"... trong giai đoạn cải lương thí điểm

 

TÓM TẮT TIẾNG ANH

 

Vietnam and the United States Relations: 220 years and 20 years

 

Prof. Vu Duong Ninh

Vietnam National University, Hanoi

 

Vietnam and the United States relations date back the event that Thomas Jefferson (American envoy in France, the US President after that) asked Prince Canh’s mission about Cochinchinese "beautiful, white, delicious and high yield" rice seed in 1788, more than 220 years ago.

 

The article addresses missed opportunities to establish friendship relations between the two countries during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, including the devastating war intervened and conducted by the U.S lasting a quarter of a century (1950-1975).

 

The article comes to conclude that the price for the normal relationship between the two countries was calculated by a half-century time since President Ho Chi Minh wrote to President H.Truman in 1945, and by the lives of thousands, tens of thousands of citizens from both sides, by the destruction of munitions and goods cost for devastating wars. The new page in the Vietnamese and the United States relations promises the hopes contributing to peace, cooperation and development in the Asia-Pacific region and the worldwide.

 

Policies for the Cham People in the South Central and the South

of the Nguyen Dynasty

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Minh Tuong

Institute of History, VASS

 

Under the Nguyen time, the Cham people mainly resided the South Central region, namely Binh Thuan and Khanh Hoa provinces; and the others moved to reside in the Southwest region nearly the Vietnamese and Cambodian border (An Giang, Chau Doc).

Just like for other ethnic minority in Vietnam, policies for the Cham people of the Nguyen dynasty were to implement flexible and placatory ways under the Confucian standpoint of "impartiality". In this article, we would like to present a summary of policies towards the Cham people in terms of aspects: Politics - military, Economy, culture and society.

 

A Study on the “Strategic Hamlet” National Policy of the Diem Government

and the United States in DakLak from 1961 to the end 1963

 

Ngo Minh Hiep, MA

PhD at the University of Social Sciences and Humanities

Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City

Nguyen Thi Xuan Hang, MA

Binh Dinh Province

 

Located in the central Highlands, with the strategic location Highlands DakLak province becomes always the forces seeking to conquer and put their influence. During the "enlisted heart and mind of farmers", separating farmers from the revolutionary forces, the U.S imperialism and the Saigon government strengthened the Strategic hamlet program (ACL). Through a study on ACL in DakLak, it contributes to reexamine their schemes, ruses and by doing so to explain the failure of the US and Saigon government.

 

Movement of Workers in Sai Gon-Gia Dinh in the Struggle Against

“Special War” Strategy of the United States (1961-1965)

 

                                                                  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Cung

                                                                Nguyen Thi Thanh Huyen, MA

Hue University

 

Given various sources of material, the paper presents and analyzes the typical struggles of the movement of workers in Saigon - Gia Dinh against "special war" of the U.S (1961-1965). The article draws three statements:

 

Firstly, in order to extinguish patriotism and the will to fight of the workers, pull them out of orbit revolutionary in the period 1961 - 1965, the Saigon government policy conducted through bribe, just terrorism, in that terrorism is primarily, but the movement of workers in Saigon - Gia Dinh has not been extinguished, whereas it is still developing continuously and aggressively, forcing the Saigon government and employers to resolve a number of workers’ claims.

 

Secondly, most of the struggle of the workers of Saigon - Gia Dinh in the years 1961-65, whether public sector workers have also initiated the participation or support of workers in other sectors and social classes. Class solidarity, solidarity of all social classes in struggle are costly lessons of the workers' movement in Saigon - Gia Dinh, in particular, for the workers' movement in the struggle for South Vietnam liberation and reunification.

 

Thirdly, movements of workers in Saigon - Gia Dinh played an important role in making the better situation in Saigon - Gia Dinh, contributing to bankrupt the "special war" strategy of the U.S in South Vietnam.

 

On the Visit of the Dutch Extraordinary Ambassador Willem Verstegen

to Hanoi in 1651

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hoang Anh Tuan

Faculty of History

VNU- University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

Prior to the middle of the seventeenth century, the Dutch East India Company had well established its foothold in Thăng Long (present-day Hanoi), the capital of the northern Vietnamese kingdom of Tonkin, and carried out the profitable Vietnamese silk-for-Japanese silver trade. Nevertheless, the arbotive military alliance in the years of 1642 and 1643 challenged the intimate relationship between the Dutch Company and the Lê-Trịnh Court. In order to ease down the tension and to facilitate this branch of trade, the Dutch Governer General in Batavia decided to send extraordinary ambassador Willem Verstegen to Hanoi in the summer of 1651. The mission was carried out successfully, as the Dutch ambassador was well received and generously treated by the Vietnamese rulers who also granted the Dutch factors residing in Thăng Long more trading privileges.

 

Upon his return to Batavia, the Dutch ambassador submitted a detailed report to his masters, depicting not only the Dutch business in Hanoi but, more importantly, miscellaneous information on various aspects of Hanoi. On the basis of data extracted from from Dutch archives, especially from Verstegen’s report, this article analyses the Dutch - Vietnamese relations in the mid-1600s and highlights some socio-economic aspects of early modern Hanoi.

 

The Asian Mourning Ceremony Viewed from That of the Nguyen Dynasty (Vietnam) and the Joseon Dynasty (Korea)

 

Huynh Thi Anh Van, MA

Hue Monuments Conservation Centre

 

In the royal culture of the Nguyen dynasty (1802-1945), the mourning ceremony was among the most important activities of the ancestral worshipping belief that was paid special attention by the dynasty.

 

After the emperor passed away, the main ritual steps included: the initial dressing of the emperor’s corpse, the offering ceremony to the deceased and the re-dressing of the emperor’s corpse. The royal coffin would be moved to another hall to place for few months until the funeral was held. This hall would be the place for the royal posthumous table until the end of morning time.

 

The ritual process of royal morning ceremony under the Nguyen in Vietnam is presented in the paper and compared to that of the Joseon dynasty in Korea to affirm the identity in the Nguyen’s royal culture.

 

A Primary Study on the Use of Terms “Cai Luong", “Cai Dinh”, “Cai Chinh”

… during the Reform Stage in Trial

 

Dr. Dao Phuong Chi

Institute of Han-Nom Studies, VASS

 

Before conducting the first primary reform (in 1921) in Tonkin, the French authorities carried out the reform in some localities. In this article, we seek to explain the phenomenon of using different terms to refer to the village custom reforms in Tonkinese villages, or in other words, this article aims to clarify the use of term "Cai Luong", "Cai Dinh", "Cai Chinh"… in village custom documents written in Nom scripts at the Institute of Han Nom Studies.

 

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.