Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 1 năm 2016

11/04/2016
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 1 năm 2016 có các bài viết của các tác giả Vũ Dương Ninh, Nguyễn Văn Kim-Phạm Văn Thủy, Phan Ngọc Huyền, Nguyễn Văn Anh, Lê Cung-Trần Thị Đông Thi, Vũ Quang Hiển, Vũ Đức Liêm, Võ Thị Hoài Thương

 

MỤC LỤC

 

Vũ Dương Ninh: Về sự kiện ngày 17-2-1979 - Đôi điều suy nghĩ

 

Nguyễn Văn Kim-Phạm Văn Thủy: George Coe des và thể chế chính trị, nhà nước Đông Nam Á cổ đại

 

Phan Ngọc Huyền: Bàn về chức Tể tướng thời Lý, Trần

 

Nguyễn Văn Anh: Ngọa Vân, nơi đức vua Trần Nhân Tông tu hành và hoá Phật

 

Lê Cung-Trần Thị Đông Thi: Về tập “Hồ sơ gởi Tống thống và Quốc hội” của Giáo hội tăng già và Hội Phật giáo Việt Nam tại Trung phần ngày 20-2-1962

 

Vũ Quang Hiển: Về quan hệ giữa một số người Việt Nam với quân phiệt Nhật Bản trong Chiến tranh thế giới thứ hai  

 

Vũ Đức Liêm: Việt Nam ở giao điểm của nghiên cứu khu vực và toàn cầu: Tri thức Đông Nam Á của người Việt và cách thức tiếp cận mới

 

TƯ LIỆU – ĐÍNH CHÍNH SỬ LIỆU

 

Võ Thị Hoài Thương: Sản vật ẩm thực Nghệ An, Hà Tĩnh qua Châu bản triều Nguyễn

 

 

TÓM TẮT TIẾNG ANH

 

On the Event on 17 February 1979 Revisited

 

 

Prof. Vu Duong Ninh

Vietnam National University, Hanoi

 

The purpose of the article is to revisit the event on 17 February 1979 on the occasion of the 37th anniversary of the frontier war in the North Vietnam. The author raises questions why Vietnam is still silent while countries voice and discuss on this event. In addition, on the side of Chinese books this is called the "self-defense counterattack" in order to punish Vietnam, and "teach Vietnam a lesson". Essentially, it confirms that this war’s nature as for China is the aggression against Vietnam; and the Vietnamese people bravely went in the war against the invasion in order to protect the National frontier. This is a part of the struggle to protect the border on land (southwest and north) as well as Hoang Sa and Truong Sa Islands.

It needs to induce young generations to understand the nature of this event, to solemnly organize a grateful celebration for soldiers, fellow-citizen who laid down their life for their homeland. Vigilant lessons will be learned from that in avoiding ambiguity in terms of ideology of harming national interest.

 

 

George Coedès and Political Institutions in Ancient Southeast Asia

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Kim - Dr. Pham Van Thuy

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

Georges Coedès (1886-1969) is a distinguished French historian and archeologist, former director of the L’École française d’Extrême-Orient (EFEO) during the period of 1926-1946. His main contributions focus on the ancient history of Southeast Asia in which he developed the concept of Indianized states in Southeast Asia. According to G.Coedès, the models of state institution, power structure and lineages in ancient Southeast Asia were originated from India through the mediatory role of traders and such prominent religions as Hinduism and Buddhism.

          G.Coedès’s theory of Indianization or Hindunization has become the classical view for researches about ancient Southeast Asia, despite an increasing number of scholars who disagree with him. By examining a number of his major works, this article seeks to highlight the contributions of G.Coedès in reconstructing the political institutions of ancient Southeast Asia. It also gives attention to the enduring debates and problems of his theory.

 

 

 

The Chancellor Regime under the Ly, Tran Dynasties

 

Dr. Phan Ngoc Huyen

Hanoi National University of Education

 

In the history of the State structure organization of Vietnam in the Middle Ages, the Chancellor regime played a special role. As a senior official leading the officials in the court, Chancellor is a key member (pillar) of the court. His talent, virtues and influences coincided with the vicissitudes of a dynasty. This article addresses the Chancellor regime under the Ly, Tran dynasties, initially draws the backgrounds, positions, responsibilities, contributions, limitations and characteristics of the Chancellor regime in the Dai Viet Kingdom from the 11th century to the end of 14th century.

 

 

Ngoa Van, Place of Leading the Religious Life and the Achievement of Enlightenment of Buddha of King Tran Nhan Tong

 

Nguyen Van Anh, MA

VNU - University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

The Ngoa Van pagoda is the place where King Tran Nhan Tong led the religious life and achieved the enlightenment of Buddha. Nonetheless, where is the position, how is the countenance of Ngoa Van which remain unanswered. Based on both annals and archaeological evidences the author comes to clarify the location of Ngoa Van, and the change of Ngoa Van from Tran dynasty to Nguyen dynasty. By doing so, it indicates the role of Ngoa An in the system Truc Lam Zen in particular, and the history of Buddhism in Vietnam in general. The author raises also issues to further study: countenance of Ngoa Van, meaning of Tran Nhan Tong in choosing Ngoa Van as a place to end the practice becoming a Buddha and so on.

 

 

 

About “Dossier Sending the President and the Congress” of the Sangha Church and the Vietnamese Buddhist Association in Central Vietnam on February, 20th 1962

 

                                                                                                                               Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Cung

                                                                                       Tran Thi Dong Thi

University of Pedagory, Hue University

         

Based on “Dossier sending the President and the Congress” of the Sanghai Church and the Vietnamese Buddhist Association at the central Vietnam on February, 20th  1962, the aricle draws into the three conclusions:

  Firstly, the compelled policy for Buddhists following Catholic was reflected in “Dossier sending the President and the Congress” of the Sangha Church and Vietnamese Buddhist Association in the Central Vietnam on February, 20th 1962, affirmed that Ngo Dinh Diem administration applied various forms and measures in each local (province or district) in order to deceive public opinion on that there was not the discriminatory policy for the Buddhists in the South.

   Secondly, based on “Dossier sending the President and the Congress”, we see that the obvious aim of the compelled policy for Buddhists following Catholic of Ngo Dinh Diem administration was southern Catholicize. The strategic aim was to wipe out the patriotic and resistance movement of Southern people.    

Thirdly, “Dossier sending the President and the Congress” helps us to see that under Ngo Dinh Diem’s regime, national and class contradiction developed the highest point. Therefore, this“Dossier” was seen to prepare ideologically for the struggle of Southern Buddhists agaisnt the Ngo Dinh Diem administration when the opportunity was coming.

 

 

On the Relations of a Number of Vietnamese People with Japanese Militarism in the Second World War

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Vu Quang Hien

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

 

During World War II, the Japanese militaristic government sent troops to invade Vietnam. Their actions have left considerable pain not only for the Vietnamese people, but also for the Japanese people.

The Vietnamese and Japanese relations at the time were truly unusual, a painful past, but left behind historical experiences for the building and development of bilateral relations today in terms of the mutual respects of the independence, sovereignty and political institutions; a cooperation on the basis of building mutual trust for benefits of two countries, for peace and stability in the region and the world.

At present, the partnership between Vietnam and Japan is increasing progressively. That past is unusual but never trivial when future generations draw lessons from the historical past for a better future.

 

 

Vietnam in the Focus-Point of the Area and Global Studies: Southeast Asian Knowledge of the Vietnamese and New Approaches

 

Vu Duc Liem, MA

Hanoi National University of Education

 

Southeast Asian study is witnessing a strong shift in structure, approach theory and change of academic centers in an effort of linking the flow of knowledge which is generated by specialized, interdisciplinary, multi-disciplinary approaches and global study. Southeast Asian scholars are playing new roles in this process in order to replace considerable roles dominated by European and North American academic centers. The purpose of the article seeks to refer to the interaction between area and global studies in shaping the new approach in area studies and to identify Vietnam case in this move.

 

 

Produces of Eating and Drinking of Nghe An, Ha Tinh through Nguyen Dynasty’s Official Documents

 

Vo Thi Hoai Thuong, MA

Faculty of History, Vinh University

 

Every year, to cater for the demand for foods and produces of the Nguyen dynasty, local authorities were under statute frequently requested to supply these. Though Nghe An and Ha Tinh were without special commodities to donate the king as compared to other localities in the country, some food commodities were selected for such donations: Gold apple, persimmon, sweet oranges, cinnamon, yellow wax, honey... The article seeks to present the produces from Nghe An and Ha Tinh recorded in royal documents of the Nguyen dynasty and in the book Dai Nam Nhat Thong Chi.

 

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.