Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 2 năm 2016

04/05/2016
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 2 năm 2016 có các bài viết của các tác giả Trương Minh Dục, Đỗ Thị Mỹ Hiền, Trần Vũ Tài, Hà Mạnh Khoa, Nguyễn Thanh Minh, Nguyễn Thu Hạnh, Nguyễn Thị Hương, Đào Tuấn Thành

 

MỤC  LỤC

 

Trương Minh Dục: Thực trạng kinh tế- xã hội Tây Nguyên và những vấn đề đặt ra hiện nay

 

Đỗ Thị Mỹ Hiền: Sự ra đời và việc độc quyền phát hành tiền của Ngân hàng Đông Dương tại Việt Nam

 

Trần Vũ Tài: Tình hình ruộng đất và đời sống nông dân ở Bắc Trung Kỳ thời Pháp thuộc

 

Hà Mạnh Khoa: Vị trí địa chính trị, kinh tế, xã hội của Tây Sơn thượng đạo trong khởi nghĩa Tây Sơn

 

Nguyễn Thanh Minh: Nhìn lại chặng đường tham gia Công ước Liên hợp quốc về Luật Biển quốc tế năm 1982 của Việt Nam giai đoạn 1994-2015

 

Nguyễn Thu Hạnh: Vai trò của cử tri Mỹ gốc Do Thái với vấn đề thành lập Nhà nước Israel (1945-1948)

 

Nguyễn Thị Hương: Đóng góp của người Hoa và Hoa kiều ở Việt Nam và Singapore vào cách mạng do Tôn Trung Sơn lãnh đạo - Một cái nhìn so sánh

 

TƯ LIỆU – ĐÍNH CHÍNH SỬ LIỆU

 

Đào Tuấn Thành: Vị trí địa - chính trị của Lào trong chiến tranh Việt Nam dưới góc nhìn của Henry Kissinger

 

TÓM TẮT TIẾNG ANH

 

Social and Economic Reality in the Central Highlands

and Issues to be Raised at Present

 

                                                                         Assoc. Prof. Dr. Truong Minh Duc

Academy of Politics, Region III

 

During the national reform (from January 12, 1986 to 2015), together with general policies of mountainous development in the country, due to the strategic location and characteristics of ethnic people in the Central Highlands, the Party and State issue specific policies and guidelines in order to exploit economic potentials and social development, to gradually improve and enhance the physical life and the spirit of ethnic people in the region. The State is interested in the development of every ethnic people, groups and specific people.

 

 

The Establishment and Monopoly in Issuing Currency

of the Indochinese Bank in Vietnam

 

Do Thi My Hien, MA

Ho Chi Minh City College of Foreign Economics

 

Together with the pacification over Vietnam and Indochina, the French Capitalists organized the exploitation of colonies as a condition for their financial capitalism. The aim of the Indochina Bank foundation was to regulate and monopolize the currency trade in Vietnam in particular and Indochina in general. Assigning to the privilege to issue currency by the French Government, Indochina Bank paid a lot of attentions to the exploitation of this monopoly to make money. Benefits from the issuance were enormous, it also protected the bank in avoiding the hassle of exchange.

 

 

Land Condition and Peasants Life in North Annam in the French domination

 

Dr. Tran Vu Tai

Faculty of History, Vinh University

 

In the period of colonial North Annam, public lands were reduced by the occupation of the French landowners as well as Vietnamese one. In addition, private lands were divided into small atoms. As a result, farmers had no land or very little land to cultivate. They were quickly pushed to the worst situation of impoverishment due to the uncertain farming conditions. Accordingly, they had no choice but to work for plantations and to serve as tenants for landowners. Low income, lost of threats from colonial regulations made their life in North Annam deadly poor and miserable at that time.

 

 

Geo-Political, Economic and Social Situation of Tay Son Thuong Dao

in the Tay Son Insurrection

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ha Manh Khoa

Institute of History, VASS

 

The Tay Son thuong dao (upper region) in An Khe mountains and forest, is a vast plateau, four sides with high mountains and jungle cover. This is a flat plateau with an average elevation of 400 meters, Ba river’s flow. The topography makes An Khe to become a strategic area both in defense and attack.

The geo political, economic and social position since the eighteenth century, the upper Tay Son and An Khe district today are always the region with the bold imprints.

 

 

The Participation of Vietnam of the 1982 United Nations Convention

on the Law of the Sea in the Period 1994-2015 Revisited

 

Dr. Nguyen Thanh Minh

Vietnam Coast Guard, Ministry of Defense

 

More than 22 years of acceding to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the Vietnamese State always keeps the spirit and responsibility as a maritime nation in implementing the international Law of the Sea. The process results significant achievements in management, exploitation and protection of marine and islands sovereignty of the Nation. The article seeks to contribute to the achievements of marine and islands management and exploitation of Vietnam in recent years, since it became a member of the 1982 UNCLOS.

 

 

Roles of American Jewish Polls and the Foundation of the Israeli State (1945-1948)

 

Nguyen Thu Hanh, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

            After World War II, the creation of a Jewish State in Palestine was emerged as one of the most urgent issue in international relations. The Zionism movement developed rapidly and attracted most of the Jews over the world, including the American’s Jewish community. American Jews contributed to the development of the United States so their political influence was increased. The importance of Jews on the political scene dated back Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. They sympathized deeply with the dream of a Jewish state in Palestine, especially with the Jewish victim of Holocaust in Europe. They provided financial and humanitarian aid for the Jewish refugees. Furthermore, they attempted to secure the support of President Harry S.Truman’s administration in behalf of establishing a Jewish state (Israel) in Palestine. By lobbing, they succeeded in convincing the President. Harry Truman played an important role in the birth of Israel State (1948). After 1948, American Jews successfully urged the U.S movement to provide Israel with billions of dollars in American military and economic assistance. In recent years, Jewish groups have fought not only aid for Israel but for American humanitarian intervention in other regions of the world as well.

 

 

Contributions of the Chinese and Oversea Chinese in Vietnam and Singapore

to the Revolution Led by Sun Yat-sen - A Comparative View

 

Dr. Nguyen Thi Huong

Vinh University

 

Because country conditions, Vietnam and Singapore, as Southeast Asian countries were early paid great intentions and visits by Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat-sen. Sun Yat-sen visited in total Singapore and Vietnam in turn eleven times and six times. Through these visits, he implemented a series of simultaneously revolutionary propaganda. The result of these activities also had recourse of the significant contributions of Chinese and overseas Chinese in Vietnam and Singapore to the revolutionary movement led by Sun Yat-sen.

 

 

The Geo-Politics of Laos in Vietnam War through Henry Kissinger’s Perspectives

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dao Tuan Thanh

Faculty of History, Hanoi National University of Education

 

National Security Adviser, Henry Kissinger, in his memoirs entitled Diplomacy (Diplomaţia, All publisher, Bucaret, 1998 (Romanian) (Original: Henry Kissinger, Diplomacy, 1994), published in 1994 provides insightful information on the attempt by the US administration about the geopolitical position of Laos in the panorama of the Vietnam War in particular and in general Indochina War more than 40 years ago. This article is the result of extracted translation of the basic contents in Chapter 26: “Vietnam: on the Road to despair: Kennedy and Johnson".

 

 

Research Literature on the Xinhai Revolution and Sun Yat-sen

for More Than One Past Century in Vietnam

 

Dr. Nguyen Huu Tam

Institute of History, VASS

 

Researches on the Xinhai Revolution and Sun Yat-sen and Vietnam have widely been paid attention in the 50th and 60th decades of the twentieth century. After 1975, especially since Vietnam implemented a comprehensive renovation, it has been stronger. Many articles were published on such journals as Historical Studies, Philosophical Studies, Chinese Studies... and in the university curriculum. Workshops from various perspectives and approaches have been organized in Vietnam and China. Xinhai Revolution and Sun Yat-sen also become the attractive topics for BA, MA, PhD theses and so on in Vietnam.

 

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.