Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 3 năm 2016

31/05/2016
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 3 năm 2016 có các bài viết của các tác giả Nguyễn Hữu Mùi, Đỗ Danh Huấn, Nguyễn Lan Dung, Phạm Thị Vượng, Nguyễn Văn Bắc, Nguyễn Tiến Dũng, Nguyễn Văn Hàm-Cam Anh Tuấn

 

MỤC LỤC

 

Nguyễn Hữu Mùi: Tìm hiểu về hội tư văn và vai trò của hội trong hoạt động làng xã qua nguồn tài liệu bi ký

 

Đỗ Danh Huấn: Đô thị và Nông thôn: Những liên hệ kinh tế, xã hội trong lịch sử và hiện tại (Trường hợp Thăng Long-Hà Nội)

 

Nguyễn Lan Dung: Tổ chức bộ máy chính quyền làng xã ở tỉnh Hà Đông (giai đoạn 1902-1920)

 

Phạm Thị Vượng: Lực lượng lao động nữ trong các nông trường quốc doanh ở miền Bắc Việt Nam giai đoạn 1955-1975

 

Nguyễn Văn Bắc: Về sự ra đời của Chí nguyện quân nhân dân Trung Quốc trong Chiến tranh Triều Tiên (1950-1953)

 

Nguyễn Tiến Dũng: Ứng đối của chính quyền Siam với thực dân Anh dưới thời vua Mongkut (1851-1868)

 

Nguyễn Văn Hàm-Cam Anh Tuấn: Tài liệu lưu trữ của bộ máy chính quyền Việt Nam Cộng hoà (1955-1975) - Giá trị và vấn đề khai thác sử dụng phục vụ đời sống xã hội  

 

TÓM TẮT TIẾNG ANH

 

Confucian Scholars Association and Its Roles in Communal Village

through Epitaph Materials

 

                                                                            Dr. Nguyen Huu Mui

Institute of Han Nom Studies, VASS

 

The Confucian Scholars Association was the organization of the local Confucian scholars founded in the sixteenth century in the northern delta, mostly in eximantion-competition and studious provinces. The association was established under the administrative level from district level. The association included a few tens of members, including Chairman, Secretary and several other titles. Besides, the association also participated in many local activities, such as tutelary sacrifices, collection of colors, compilation of conventions... Its imprint is of learning promotion in village which created studious tradition to the nation, contribution to the development of Vietnamese rural in history.

 

Urban and Rural Areas: Economic and Social Connections in History

and Present (The Case of Thang Long - Hanoi)

 

Do Danh Huan, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

Economic links between urban and rural areas of Thang Long-Hanoi are reflected in the establishment of craft towns and villages. Craft villages contributed to the economically vibrant urban Thang Long. Residents in urban Thang Long not only participated in handicraft and trade, but also they bought a lot of land in city-neighbourhood for farming.

The urban Hanoi today and its surrounding of rural areas maintain economic and social relations in other form as before, but its content and purpose of this relationship are unchangeble. Hanoi city is still the ideal destination in order to improve the living conditions and incomes of rural workers. "People-leave, money-return" is considered a livelihood which reflects social and economic connections between two urban Hanoi and its rural areas at present.

 

Organization Structure of Village Administration in Ha Dong Province

(in the Period 1902-1920)

 

Dr. Nguyen Lan Dung

Institute of History, VASS

 

In an attempt to penetrate and affirm a control to the village administration as well as to transform it into an effective tool for a management of villagers, from the end of the nineteenth century, the French colonial government gradually carried out the village “reforms” in different moments, with different degrees. This article seeks to reappraise on the “village reforms” of the colonial government during about 20 years in the early of 20th century in three aspects: village officials, village notables and village budget in Ha Dong province considered as “the field of experiment”.

 

Female Labor Force in the State-Run Farms in the North Vietnam

in the Period 1955 - 1975

 

Pham Thi Vuong, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

20 years of building and development of state-run farms in the North Vietnam (1955-1975), female became a tremendous workforce in manufacturing and state farming sectors. They participated and assumed in the most of the areas of production, research, management and leadership. From the fact of recruitment and use of female labor force in the state-run farms in the North between 1955 and 1975 it confirms that they were an important labor resources for society. To strengthen female workforces helps contributing to develop their capacity and roles in building, protection and development of the present-day country.

 

Foundation of the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army

in the Korean War (1950-1953)

 

Nguyen Van Bac, MA

Institute of Military History of Vietnam

 

On October 1st, 1949, the Chinese Revolution won the victory, the People's Republic  of China (PDR) was formally established by president Mao Zedong. More than a year later, the power of the new China was fiercely challenged in the Korean War (1950-1953). The causes and outcome of the Korean War left behind issues, and among them it was the military involvement of the PRC. The article seeks to discuss the following questions: Why the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to send troops for Korean assistance against US military operation? Predecessor of the Chinese people’s volunteers together its purpose, mission and so on.

 

The Siamese Government’s Response to the British Threats

during the Period of the King Mongkut (1851-1868)

 

                                                                    Nguyen Tien Dung

                               Faculty of Cultural Studies

Hanoi University of Culture

 

Since the second half of the nineteenth century, when the Europeans with their gunboats appeared in almost every corners of Asian waters, the sovereignty of many countries in the region was put under the serious threats. Yet, Siam is the only country in Southeast Asia which successfully safeguarded its national independence and sovereignty. Most scholars have explained the success of Siam in terms of its unique position as “a buffer zone” between two competing colonial powers, namely the French and the British. This article examines the King Mongkut’s consciousness of national sovereignty and interests and his wise response to the British threats. It argues that instead of the geographical position, decisions made by the King Mongkut in response to foreign challenges were the main reason behind the success of Siam.

 

Archival Documents of the Republic of Vietnam Government (1955-1975)

- Values and Issues of Data Exploitation for Serving Social Life

 

 

Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Van Ham

Dr. Cam Anh Tuan

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

For more than 2 decades of ruling the South Vietnam, The Republic of Vietnam government produced a huge quantity of documents. After the day of complete liberation of Southern Vietnam, the mass of documents was reached, collected and conserved at the National Archives Centre No2 and at provincial archives centres from Quang Tri to the South of Vietnam.

This article aims to present some following aspects:

  • Archives with the national reconciliation
  • Archives - Historical evidences in protection of national sovereignty
  • Archives - Necessary sources for historical research.

This article gives attention to users in analysing, criticizing carefully the contents and figures of this sources.

 

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.