Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 4 năm 2016

04/07/2016
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 4 năm 2016 có các bài viết của các tác giả Đinh Quang Hải-Lê Đình Trọng, Nguyễn Thị Hải, Youn Dae Yeong, Trần Văn Kiên, Lê Thành Nam, Nguyễn Văn Kim, Võ Kim Cương, Lê Thị Toán

 

MỤC LỤC

 

Đinh Quang Hải - Lê Đình Trọng: Ảnh hưởng và tác động từ bên ngoài đối với Việt Nam trong việc phát động quần chúng giảm tô và cải cách ruộng đất

 

Nguyễn Thị Hải: Vai trò quân cảng trong các cảng thị ở Đàng Trong dưới thời các chúa Nguyễn (thế kỷ XVII-XVIII)

 

Youn Dae Yeong: Điều ước Sài Gòn lần thứ hai và đối sách Thiên chúa giáo của triều Nguyễn

 

Trần Văn Kiên: Sự hình thành và phát triển trung tâm công nghiệp ở Hải Phòng (từ cuối thế kỷ XIX đến năm 1929)

 

Lê Thành Nam: Chính sách ngoại giao mở rộng lãnh thổ của nước Mỹ (1787-1861): Những đặc trưng cơ bản

 

Nguyễn Văn Kim: Quan hệ Việt Nam - Nhật Bản và Đông Dương (1939-1945)- Một cách nhìn từ bối cảnh lịch sử, chính trị khu vực Đông Á

 

Võ Kim Cương: Về quá trình chuyển dịch cơ cấu kinh tế ở tỉnh Bắc Ninh từ năm 1997 dến nay

 

TƯ LIỆU – ĐÍNH CHÍNH SỬ LIỆU

 

Lê Thị Toán: Phát hiện sắc chỉ thời chúa Võ vương Nguyễn Phúc Khoát

 

TÓM TẮT TIẾNG ANH

 

Influences and Impacts from the Outside toward Vietnam

in Launching Rent Reduction and Land Reform

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dinh Quang Hai

Institute of History, VASS

Le Dinh Trong, MA

PhD Student, Zhongshan University, China

 

Before the revolution, the Vietnamese agriculture and peasant life were underdeveloped and extremely difficult. The cause of this weakness was due to land occupation, unfavorable natural conditions, technical backward production and so on. Right after the successful revolution, the Party and Government of Vietnam paid great intentions to land issues and interests of peasants. Between late 1952 and 1956 there were eight courses of the rent reduction and five courses of the land reform.

The land reform also suffered serious mistakes in the implementation process, partly caused by influences, impacts and mechanically learnt experiences from the outside, especially from China and the Soviet Union. Based on source of materials, especially newly published documents, we seek to reappraise some points on this issue.       

                

Roles of Military Ports in Cochinchinese Ports

under the Nguyen Lords’ Reign in the 17th-18th Centuries

Nguyen Thi Hai, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

The trade was one of the vital elements of the Cochichinese government. Therefore, Nguyen lords came to establish ports in order to not only meet the market of a trading center and exchanges of goods but also to play roles as military ports - outer layers for the protection of the Lords residence. The roles of the Cochinchinese military ports were clearly expressed by positions and connections among port-towns, roles in struggle and service as well as in controlling merchants and missionaries in harbors, rivers, estuaries and so on.

 

The Second Treaty of Saigon and the Nguyen Dynasty’s Policy toward Catholicism

Assistant Prof. Dr. Youn Dae-yeong

Institute for East Asian Studies, Sogang University

 

In this paper, we would like to evaluate diverse efforts by Nguyen Dynasty to solve catholic problems which caused disorders both in and outside the country around the Second Treaty of Saigon. The author talks about extending the idea that Nguyễn Dynasty’s persecution of Catholics and French nationals became a pretext for French invasion. In the 1870s and the 1880s, northern Vietnam was attacked by French army, a sense of crisis spread within the Hue government. Having recognized the full sovereignty of France over the southern Vietnam as well as Article 9 concerning freedom of worship for Catholics, Nguyen Dynasty had to be confronted with fierce resistance from non-Catholic people. The Nguyen court continued by and large to enforce the freedom of religion. The process of implementation of Article 9 also reveals another form of duality.

 

Formation and Development of Industrial City in Hai Phong

(From Late 19th Century to 1929)

Tran Van Kien

PhD Candidate in History, Aix-Marseille University, France

 

This article seeks to study on the formation and development of the Hai Phong industrial city from the late 19th century to 1929 during the « industrialization » at the location selected by the French. Depending on archives and secondary materials we would like to solve the proposal issues. Research questions are resolved based on the investigation of three issues : 1) the selection of the French in the late 19th century; 2) regulatory policy and monopoly policy of the Protectorate; 3) the formation of industrial centers in which deeply focusing on the density of French industrial establishments, the participation of overseas Chineses, the advent of the industrial base of Vietnamese owner and the evolution of labor in industrial areas. The process of the acumulation of capital investment and industrial products in Hai Phong city during the colonial exploitation of the French led to the foundation of a large industrial city, which had influences on economic activities in Tonkin.

 

The U.S Diplomatic Policy in Territorial Expansion (1787-1861): Basic Characteristics

                                                                                                            Dr. Le Thanh Nam

                                                                                                Hue University of Pedagogy

 

Given various sources, mainly from the U.S, the article analyzes the characteristics of the United States diplomatic policy in territorial expansion during nearly a century after the establishment of the nation. That is, the impact of internal political struggle to ward the process of policy making territorial expansion; manipulation of tools characterized American the process of implementing diplomatic policy in order to expand territory; dominated by the presidential elections toward diplomatic policy in territorial expansion. These characteristics which were formed when the United States was relatively young and still quite bold print in the process of the United States to implemented policies to the outside world in the present era.

 

Japanese, Vietnamese and Indochinese Relations (1939-1945)

A View from East Asian Historical and Political Context

             Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Kim

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

In the early history of the island country, Japan established the extensive relationships with the outside world. Prior to 1930s, along with continent-oriented thought, or towards China, the Korean peninsula, Far East... Japan also overlooked to the ocean and other Southern - Southeast Asian areas.

Pursuing the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity and East Asian Liberation Sphere... Japan implemented colonial and imperial policies with Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Asian nations. Instead of the "Chinese Order", Japan established a new order (Japanese order) in East Asia dominated by the plutocracy. Considering as a symbol and confidence of many Asian nations, Japan gradually came to lose the political and economy status... and heavily defeated in the Second World War finally. Lessons and catastrophic consequences of the war were reflected, Japanese ruling elite therefore determined to abandon the path of the war, the extreme nationalism by the way of choosing a new path, toward the goals of economic development and peace. The peaceful development strategy contributed to the "Miracle" development of Japan together with new images, new partnerships in the contemporary world.

 

On the Process of Economic Restructure in Bac Ninh Province Since 1997

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Vo Kim Cuong

Institute of History, VASS

 

From the time of the re-establishment (in 1997), the Bac Ninh province’s economy  has developed rapidly and comprehensively. One of the highlights in this development process is the strong shift of economic structure. From an economy based on agriculture, Bac Ninh rapidly accelerates the development of industrial productions, enhances the process of foreign investment cooperation, development of traditional craft villages, wide commercial network services and tourism… The result is that Bac Ninh has a strong shift in the economic structure with industrial productions and construction which play as a crucial base; trade and economy and tourism services account for a bulk... All of that contribute to solve a part of jobs for provincial inhabitants.

 

A Newly-Discovered Royal Edict under the Vo Vuong Nguyen Phuc Khoat’s Reign

Le Thi Toan, MA

Hue Monuments Conservation Centre

 

During 27 years (1738-2765), under the reign of Vo Vuong Nguyen Phuc Khoa, he issued many daily administrative edicts. It is a pity that nowadays the original versions of this kind of documents are rare. However, its is lucky that we are able to find one, in which the mandarin Pham Huu Hoa was promoted to deal with the worshipping at the Confucius Temple by Vo Vuong Nguyen Phuc Khoat.

This is the very first time that we see the vestige of Quoc Vuong Chi An (the majesty's seal) under the reign of Vo vuong Nguyen Phuc Khoat. The seal was imprinted on the administrative documents belonged to the Nguyen Lord, but the ruling year was still of Le king (Canh Hung the 25th year - 1764). The content of the edict gave further information to confirm changes in names of village, commune, mansion, district, and so on of Thua Thien Hue region over the time that contribute to the research of administrative names of the Hue region under the time of Nguyen Lords.

The edict that we mention has been kept at the Pham Huu Family Temple at Co Lao Village, Huong Can Commune, Huong Tra District, Thua Thien Hue Province.

 

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.