Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 5 năm 2016

11/08/2016
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 5 năm 2016 bài phát biểu của đồng chí Trần Đại Quang, Ủy viên Bộ Chính trị, Chủ tịch nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam tại buổi thăm và làm việc với Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam; Diễn văn của Chủ tịch Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam - Nguyễn Quang Thuấn trong Ngày Khoa học và Công nghệ Việt Nam 18-5-2015 và các bài viết của các tác giả Nguyễn Văn Khánh, Nguyễn Đức Nhuệ, Nhâm Thị Lý, Bùi Thị Hà, Trần Thị Phương Hoa, Young Dae Yeong, Nguyễn Cảnh Huệ.

MỤC LỤC

 

- Bài phát biểu của đồng chí Trần Đại Quang, Ủy viên Bộ Chính trị, Chủ tịch nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam tại buổi thăm và làm việc với Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam

 

- Diễn văn của Chủ tịch Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam - Nguyễn Quang Thuấn trong Ngày Khoa học và Công nghệ Việt Nam 18-5-2015

 

- Nguyễn Văn Khánh: Vài nét về chính sách nông nghiệp của Nhật Bản ở Việt Nam trong Đại chiến thế giới thứ Hai

 

- Nguyễn Đức Nhuệ: Khái quát một số chính sách trị quốc, an dân của triều đình Lê - Trịnh (thế kỷ XVII - XVIII)

 

- Nhâm Thị Lý: Hoạt động kinh tế trong lĩnh vực đất đai của người Hoa ở Hội An từ thế kỷ XVIII đến nửa đầu thế kỷ XIX

 

- Bùi Thị Hà: Hoạt động y tế từ thiện của một số dòng nữ tu công giáo ở Việt Nam thời kỳ 1858-1918

 

- Trần Thị Phương Hoa: Trường dạy nghề ở Việt Nam thời Pháp thuộc - Nguồn gốc và định hướng phát triển

 

- Youn Dae Yeong: Điều ước Sài Gòn lần thứ hai và đối sách Thiên chúa giáo của triều Nguyễn (Tiếp theo và hết)

 

- Nguyễn Cảnh Huệ: Quan hệ Việt Nam - Hàn Quốc từ năm 1992 đến nay - Thành tựu và vấn đề đặt ra

 

 

TÓM TẮT TIẾNG ANH

 

Japanese Agricultural Policy toward Vietnam during World War II Revisited

 

           Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Khanh

VNU - University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

The world economic crisis during 1929-1933 seriously damaged the Japanese economy, and prompted the Japanese capitalists to adopt a more aggressive policy toward its neighboring countries in Asia.  Japan’s first target was mainland China. In 1931, Japan began its invasion into the northeastern part of China. In the following years, Japan escalated the war in the Chinese continent. It occupied Beijing in July 1937, Nanjing in December 1938, Guangzhou in October 1938, HainanIsland in February 1939, and the Paracel Islands in March 1939. Shortly thereafter, Japan deployed its military to North Vietnam in September 1940.

This paper does not go into the details of the invasion process and the political control by Japanese fascists, but rather focuses on the agricultural policy of the Japanese government towardVietnam and its implications for the Vietnamese society during World War II.

 

An Overview on the Country Governance and People Reassurance of the Le - Trinh Government

in 17th-18th Centuries

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Duc Nhue

Institute of History, VASS

 

Until pre-1980s, the scholarship in history in particular, in social sciences in general in studying on the feudal history of Vietnam has had unsatisfactory judgements for the period from late 16th century to late 18th century. Most of the conclusions came to justify that this is a crisis and decline time of the Vietnamese feudalism, underestimated the roles of the Le-Trinh feudal state for national history.

In fact, in contrast to the above, Dai Viet created the development path in many aspects, especially the period from early 17th century to early 18th century. That is followed in specific aspects: i> Completing "King palace, Lord residence" institution - an organ in directly promulgating and implementing economic, social and political policies; ii> Policy of "talented use", improvement of capacity of team officials; iii> Training mandarin recruitment through Confucian examinations; iv> Strengthening social management by law; v> Le - Trinh government policies in management and economic development.

 

Economic Activities in Land Sector of the Chinese in Hoi An

from 18th Century to First Haft 20th Century

 

Dr. Nham Thi Ly

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

Hoi An commercial port in history located in the favorable geography for trade and foreign trade development. The alien community in Hoi An treated by Cochinchinese government was entitled to the autonomous management on trade, economy based on the respect of cultural tradition, custom and laws of every country.

From 1993 to 1998, Vietnamese managers and researchers in collaboration with Japanese partnership conducted many surveys in Hoi An ancient town and collected a number of documents such as land contracts, genealogies, epitaphs... which preserve in the common people as communal village writings. In terms of published materials such as the book "会安町家文书" (Hoi An contracts), including 58 contracts written in Han script, mainly related to housing contracts, dating from the late Lê to late Nguyên dynasties. Through this resource, it helps us somewhat understand the economic situation on local land in previous centuries.

 

Charitable Medical Activities of Some Catholic Nun Orders in Vietnam in the Period 1858 -1918

 

Bui Thi Ha, MA

Institute of History, VASS

From the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, the support of the colonial government created favorable conditions for the spread and development of Catholicism. Many Nun orders came to Vietnam, carried out charitable activities and social health, including major roles of two Sister Adorers of the Holy Cross and Saint Paul de Chartres. Their contributions in the medical charity supported to pacify and establish the colonial rules in French Indochina, as well as in service of the evangelization, and positive contributions to Vietnam social life at that time in such aspects as health, culture, education...

 

Vocational Schools in Colonial Vietnam - Origins, and Development Orientations

 

Dr. Tran Thi Phuong Hoa

Institute of History, VASS

 

The article focuses on the origin and development of the vocational training system in Vietnam, which was to some extent influenced by policy and practice that developed vocational education in France. The public French vocational schools were established in the mid 18th century and thrived in the late 19th century, in addition to the private workshops that had existed for a long time. The transfer of management of vocational training from the Ministry of Commerce to the Ministry of Education show the orientation to a comprehensive development of human resource provided by education. In Vietnam, the first vocational schools were put under the management of the Chambers of Commerce and later transferred to the supervision of the administrative bodies of the pays and the Direction of Education. The evolution of the schools of practical industries and practical arts of Vietnam linked to practical development of the labor market and social needs with differences among Tonkin, Annam and Cochinchina. Based on examination of the legislative documentations on vocational training, the reports of educational organizations, government reports, statistics of Indochina, archives... the article presents the key features of the development trends of vocational schools in Vietnam prior to 1945.

 

The Second Treaty of Saigon and the Nguyen Dynasty’s Policy toward Catholicism

 

Assistant Prof. Dr. Youn Dae-yeong

Institute for East Asian Studies, Sogang University

 

In this paper, we would like to evaluate diverse efforts by Nguyen Dynasty to solve catholic problems which caused disorders both in and outside the country around the Second Treaty of Saigon. The author talks about extending the idea that Nguyễn Dynasty’s persecution of Catholics and French nationals became a pretext for French invasion. In the 1870s and the 1880s, northern Vietnam was attacked by French army, a sense of crisis spread within the Hue government. Having recognized the full sovereignty of France over the southern Vietnam as well as Article 9 concerning freedom of worship for Catholics, Nguyen Dynasty had to be confronted with fierce resistance from non-Catholic people. The Nguyen court continued by and large to enforce the freedom of religion. The process of implementation of Article 9 also reveals another form of duality.

 

Vietnam and Korea Relations since 1992: Achievements and Issued to be Raised

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Canh Hue

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ho Chi Minh City

 

The article mentions on two key issues: achievements of the Vietnam and Korea relations over the past 20 years, since the diplomatic relation establishment of two countries and problems under proposition.

In terms of achievements, the author focuses on the clarification of the achievements in various sectors: politics, economy (trade, investment, development aid), labor cooperation, culture and education, tourism; as well as causes of these accomplishments.

In terms of problems to be proposed, it is the trade gap of Vietnam in bilateral trade relations; breach of contracts of Vietnamese workers, labor exporters, and their illegal residence in Korea; matters of conflict, violence in Vietnamese women family in Korea and so on.

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.