Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 6 năm 2016

17/08/2016
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 6 năm 2016 có bài viết của các tác giả Phạm Hồng Tung - Phạm Minh Thế, Phan Đăng Thuận, Đỗ Hằng Nga, Đỗ Xuân Trường, Bùi Đức Dục, Nguyễn Thành Văn, Lê Trung Dũng, Nguyễn Quang Tuệ, Nguyễn Huy Khuyến

 

MỤC LỤC

 

Phạm Hồng Tung - Phạm Minh Thế: Đại học Đông Dương trên hành trình khai phóng của dân tộc Việt Nam thời cận đại

 

Phan Đăng Thuận: Qua sự hiện năm 1540 bàn thêm về mối quan hệ bang giao giữa nhà Mạc với nhà Minh (Trung Quốc)

 

Đỗ Hằng Nga: Tình hình ruộng đất huyện Phổ Yên (tính Thái Nguyên) qua tư liệu địa bạ Gia Long 4 (1805)

 

Đỗ Xuân Trường: Vua Duy Tân trong cuộc vận động khởi nghĩa của Việt Nam Quang phục hội ở Trung kỳ năm 1916

 

Bùi Đức Dục: Một số vấn đề về chuyển dịch cơ cấu kinh tế nông nghiệp ở huyện Kim Bảng (tỉnh Hà Nam) giai đoạn 1997-2012

 

Nguyễn Thành Văn: Nhìn lại quá trình đấu tranh giành độc lập của Campuchia từ năm 1945 đến năm 1954

 

Lê Trung Dũng: Quan hệ biên giới Việt Nam và Campuchia giai đoạn 1975-1978

 

TƯ LIỆU - ĐÍNH CHÍNH

 

Nguyễn Quang Tuệ: Tìm hiểu về ông Nay Đer

 

Nguyễn Huy Khuyến: Chính sách của các vua đầu triều Nguyễn đối với việc hình thành kho lưu trữ thư tịch Hán Nôm

 

 

TÓM TẮT TIẾNG ANH

 

The University of Indochina in the Process of Vietnamese National Emancipation of the Modern Time

 

Prof. Dr. Pham Hong Tung

VNU-Institute of Vietnamese Studies and Development Sciences, Hanoi

Pham Minh The, MA

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

The University of Indochina was the first university of the Western higher education model that was founded in Vietnam by the French colonial Government in 1906. In the last 110 years, the historical role and significances of this university as well as of the whole colonial education were discussed fiercely by scholars both in Vietnam and abroad. From different perspectives, various interpretations and explanations have been suggested. However, most of them have been overshadowed by some historical prejudices. In this paper, the authors try to re-examine the historical context in which the university was founded and then we re-examine and try to erase several prejudices concerning the role and the significances of the university, such as the “training of lackeys”, “obscurantist and rootless education” etc. 

 

Further Discussions on the Diplomatic Relationship between Mac Dynasty and the Ming Dynasty China through the Event of 1540

 

Phan Dang Thuan, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

In 1540, the Mac seized power, some of old Le mandarins many times ran to China Ming for seeking reinforcement by asking to send troops to attack the Mac. In the face of the Ming invasion, Mac Thai To personally commanded his followers to Nam Quan pass to negotiate for a withdrawal of the Ming troops. There are different views on this issue. Given source of data, cited historical records as well as comparative perspectives, the focus of the article is to provide readers with multidimensional views, more precisely on the event of 1540 in the diplomatic relationship between the Mac and the Ming dynasties in the sixteenth century.

 

Land Conditions in Pho Yen District (Thai Nguyen Province) Through Land Registers in the 4th Year of Gia Long’s Reign (1805)

 

Do Hang Nga, MA

Thai Nguyen University

 

The land documents in the 4th Year of Gia Long’s reign (1805) reflected the land condition in Pho Yen in the early 19th century. Accordingly, the distribution of land ownership types in Pho Yen shared common characteristics of old Tonkin. Private land gained a high proportion. Private ownership structure was small and dispersive. The land area inconsiderably concentrated on the hands of landowner class. Private ownership scale was irregular. The phenomenon of women who listed in property and the assistant situation to farming and land concentration in the hands of dignitaries also existed in Pho Yen.

 

 

 

King Duy Tan in the Insurrection Propaganda of the Association for the Restoration of Vietnam in Annam in 1916

Do Xuan Truong, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

In the movement against French colonialism in 1920s, the activities of the Association for the Restoration of Vietnam (Viet Nam Quang Phuc Hoi) particularly played an important role. Among movements influenced by this organization, the highlighted and resounded insurrection was the propaganda in Annam in 1916. In particular, this event had the participation of Duy Tan - a young and patriotic emperor.

In revisiting the role of King Duy Tan in the insurrection of the Association for the Restoration of Vietnam in 1916 after a century comes to assert that King Duy Tan is a unique "feudal characteristic" in the revolutionary movement influenced by this Association. The King Duy Tan’s participation in 1916 has left the image of a good personality, a young and patriotic emperor emotionally admired by the masses at the time.

 

Some Remarks on the Agricultural Economic Restructuring in the Kim Bang District (Ha Nam) in the Period 1997-2012

 

Bui Duc Duc, MA

Ha Nam Medical College

 

The Kim Bang district is one of the only two districts of the Ha Nam province with its mountainous terrain stretching plains. Thanks to the favorable geographical positions in many aspects, at the moment of the re-establishment of the Ha Nam Province (1997) until now, Kim Bang district greatly intended by the Ha Nam provincial authority in the investment attraction has gained many important achievements in economic and social development, especially in the agricultural economic restructuring contributing to the improvement of the people's living standards. The focus of the article is to clarify and deepen the process of restructuring the agricultural economy in Kim Bang in the period 1997 - 2012.

 

The Struggle for the Independence of Cambodia from 1945 to 1954 Revisited

 

Dr. Nguyen Thanh Van

Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, VASS

 

After the Second World War (1945), the French colonialists returned to invade Cambodia. On 9 November 1953, the French declared to grant the independence to Cambodia. In July 1954, the Geneva Conference recognized the complete the independence of Cambodia. Nevertheless, there are so far different views about the struggle for independence of Cambodia.

In fact, the process of the struggle for independence during the period 1945 - 1954 was carried out simultaneously by two different ways: diplomatic struggle led by Norodom Sihanouk, and armed struggle led by Khmer Issarak movement and the people's revolutionary Party of Cambodia. Each way played remarkable role for the Cambodia's independence. The focus of the article is to clarify the above-mentioned issues.

 

 

 

 

Frontier Relations between Vietnam and Cambodia in the Period 1975 - 1978

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Trung Dung

Institute of History, VASS

 

Immediately after 30 April 1975, the Vietnamese people was obliged to be plunged into a new war in order to defend the security and sovereignty against military attacks operated suddenly by the Khmer Rouge still considering as "comrades in arms in the trenches". This is the result of the development of the Khmer Rouge extreme and distorted nationalism raised by the leaders of the Democratic Kampuchea and backing of Beijing that was hostile to Vietnam.

For Vietnam, while the persistent protection of fighting solidarity with the Cambodian patriotic forces against common enemies, Vietnam took advantage of every opportunity to resolve peacefully and smoothly remaining problems in bilateral relations, including border issues. Nevertheless the goodwill of the above was not responded by the Khmer Rouge.

The call for help of the Cambodian Front for National Salvation (or KUFNS) in December 1978 was the legal basis for the Vietnamese troops together with the Cambodia patriotic forces crossing the border to oust the Khmer Rouge genocide regime, establishing the People's Republic of Kampuchea. This is also a foundation that two countries solved the frontier issues for the period after 1979.

 

Further Study on Mister Nay Đer

 

Nguyen Quang Tue, MA

Gia Lai Service of Culture, Sports and Tourism

 

Mr. Nay Đer (Der, Derr, Đe) is the Jrai ethnic (Jarai, Jơrai, J’Rai, Gia rai, Giarai, Gia Rai...), Gia Lai province. After August 1945, he chaired the local administrative resistance committee (including Kon Tum). To gather to the North in 1954, he was the member of the Fourth Session National Assembly (1971-1975), Rector of the Southern Ethnic Cadre School (belonging to the Central Committee for Nationalities). Retired in 1975, after having passed away in Gia Lai, his statue is erected in many roles, his name was used to name schools, streets and scholarship fund...

How Mr. Nay Đer actually plays the role in the Jrai script? This article attempts to answer the initial question of the above and to clarify some of the related issues.

 

Policy of the First Kings of Nguyen Dynasty in Establishing Bibliographical Archives Stores

 

Dr. Nguyen Huy Khuyen

Dalat University

 

Such Kings as Gia Long, Minh Menh, Thieu Tri, Tu Duc each of them implemented his policies in the formation of the national archives. Doing research of the above Kings’ policies thus played important roles in concerns of the dynastic monarchs to the national culture and civilization. By doing so, it justifies the importance of bibliographies and materials for national security, politics, culture, civilization and so on in each historical periods of time.

 

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.