Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 9 năm 2016

25/11/2016
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 9 năm 2016 có các bài viết của các tác giả Nguyễn Thị Phương Chi, Lê Thị An Hòa, Nguyễn Thị Thu Thủy - Nguyễn Thị Nga, Phạm Thị Tuyết, Trần Hữu Thắng, Phạm Thị Hồng Hà, Nguyễn Dương Đỗ Quyên, Lê Sơn, Đổng Thành Danh

MỤC LỤC

 

Nguyễn Thị Phương Chi: Chính sách của nhà nước Lê sơ đối với hoạt động thưng mại ở nông thôn

 

Lê Thị An Hòa: Cơ cấu tổ chức của Bộ Lễ dưới triều Nguyễn - Nhìn từ khía cạnh nghi lễ

 

Nguyễn Thị Thu Thủy-Nguyễn Thị Nga: Phòng chống thuốc phiện dưới thời vua Minh Mệnh (1820-1840) (Tiếp theo và hết)

 

Phạm Thị Tuyết: Về quá trình xây dựng và kiến trúc thành Hải Dượng thời Nguyễn: Tư liệu và nhận thức

 

Trần Hữu Thắng: Kênh đào thời thuộc Pháp với sự chuyển biến kinh tế nông nghiệp vùng Đồng Tháp Mười (1867-1945)

 

Phạm Thị Hồng Hà: Chương trình tín dung nông nghiệp thông qua hệ thống ngân hàng ở miền Nam Việt Nam (1955-1975)

 

Nguyễn Dương Đỗ Quyên: Chuyến công du phương Tây của phái bộ Iwakura Nhật Bản (1871-1873)

 

 

TƯ LIỆU - ĐÍNH CHÍNH SỬ LIỆU

 

Lê Sơn: Khoa học và những bàn tay sạch

 

 

TRAO ĐỔI Ý KIẾN

 

Đổng Thành Nam: Bàn thêm về phiên quốc Panduranga - Champa hay trấn Thuận Thành, phủ Bình Thuận (thế kỷ XVII đến đầu thế kỷ XIX)

 

 

TÓM TẮT TIẾNG ANH

 

The Early Le State’s Policy to Commercial Activities in Rural Areas

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Thi Phuong Chi

Institute of History, VASS

 

There are so far different approaches on trade restrictions of the Le government in 15th century. Nonetheless, given historical materials, it highlights that the state tried to control the foreign trade, as for internal trade which was facilitated and encouraged to develop. The contents of this article come to discuss with some policies of the Le state government for commercial activities in rural areas: i> Unifying currency and measurement; ii> Opening regularly markets; iii> Regulating prohibited items sold in market; iv> Prohibiting officials who not harassed when buying in market; v>Paying great intention to water and land ways, trade service.

Indeed, the Le dynastic policies proposed to loosen domestic trade, in terms of foreign trade, the Le dynasty, although not prohibited, implemented measures for strict control strictly and so on.

 

Remarks on the Organizational Structure of the Ministry of Rites under the Nguyen Dynasty

 

Le Thi An Hoa, MA

Hue Monuments Conservation Center

 

Under the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945), the Ministry of Rites was one of the highest executive bodies under the direct leadership of the king, and the body of receiving all policies, guidelines through the courtier classic rites or edicts issued by emperor. The Ministry helped also the emperor implement the guidelines and policies in terms of rituals, sacrifices, and external relations in the whole country and clearly noted by solemn ceremony.

The article comes to in depth analyze the organizational structure and activities of the Ministry of Rites to find out its special important roles.

 

The Opium Prevention under the King Minh Menh (1820 - 1840)

 

Dr. Nguyen Thi Thu Thuy

Nguyen Thi Nga

Faculty of History

Hanoi National University of Education

 

The opium and opium prevention are one of the important problems, ultimate concern of the humanity. Thus in the national management of social policies, opium prevention is a difficult problem to solve. In the nineteenth century Vietnam, opium traffic and smoking were relatively popular and complex.

During the 20 years of his reign (1820-1840), Minh Menh King issued lot of examples, decrees in order to prohibit and prevent opium. This article seeks to contribute to a further understanding of the social management policy aiming to reach more objective perception on the Nguyen dynasty.

 

Building and Architecture of Hai Duong Citadel under the Nguyen Dynasty: Documents and Awareness

 

                                                                            Dr. Pham Thi Tuyet

Faculty of History

Hanoi National University of Education

 

The Hai Duong citadel under the Nguyen time was the architectural monument with a large scale modeled by the Vauban style from the early nineteenth century. In fact, there are a few of the data sources on this issue, more importantly, it remains inconsistent information which facilely cause misunderstanding to public readers. Given various source of materials, the article seeks to point out and initially discuss uncommon information on Hai Duong citadel under Nguyen dynasty.

 

Canal System under the French Colonial Time with Agricultural Changes in Dong Thap Muoi

(Plain of Reeds) in the Period 1867 - 1945

                               

                                Tran Huu Thang, MA

Faculty of Political Theories

Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City

 

In comparison to Nguyen Dynasty, the French invested capital, technologies for dredging canals in Dong Thap Muoi (the Plain of Reeds). These canal systems not only contributed to irrigation but also played an important role in trading among areas (in Mekong Delta and Saigon). Canals led the footsteps of land explorers to desolate waste rural areas. The first accomplishment was that Canals helped to widen larger and larger areas of cultivation rapidly in Dong Thap Muoi. In addition, the productivity of grains was gradually improved. Besides that, there was a dramatically complete change about land ownership which caused many conflicts between the natives and the French landowners.

 

The Agricultural Credit Program Through the Banking System in South Vietnam (1955-75)

 

Pham Thi Hong Ha, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

This article analyzes the credit program for agriculture via the banking system in Republic of Vietnam (RVN) during the 1960s and 1970s of the XX century. During to poor peasants to access the agricultural credit with preferential interest rates, according to the view of Saigon’s government at that time, the supply of credit in rural areas was controlled and manipulated by usurers, which prevent most of poor peasants from accessing the essential credit for production. While the RVN’s government expected the program will solve fundamentally the usury and the shortage of credit in rural areas, but in reality, the peasants showed little interest in this program, therefore the amount of credit which was delivered to them just covered a small ratio in the total of credit for rural areas.

 

An Official Visit to Western Countries of the Japanese Delegation of Iwakura, 1871-1873

 

Dr. Nguyen Duong Do Quyen

Institute for Social Science Information, VASS

 

                After around two centuries of sakoku (Closed country policy), for conducting the reform of the Meiji period (1868-1912) in difficult circumstances and challenges, the reform government came to expand the new diplomatic policy in the external relations, with a focus on European countries and the United States. Many high-level delegations and outstanding students were sent abroad to study on the useful things for the reform cause. This article seeks to present the case of Iwakura envoy to the West during the years 1871-1873. This mission resulted in great significance to the development of Japan afterwards.

 

Science and Clean Hands

 

Assoc. Prof. Le Son

Institute for Social Science Information, VASS

 

In late June and early July of 2014, the Russian State Duma after two rounds of vote adopted the Draft Law on the reform of Russian Academy of Sciences (RAN). In this article, we would like to introduce some opinions in this regard commented by Andrei Vorobiov, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAN) and the Russian Academy of Medicine (RAMN).

 

Further Discussions on the Vassal Kingdom of Panduranga-Champa or Thuan Thanh Commandery,

Binh Thuan Prefecture (Seventeenth Century to Nineteenth Century)

 

Dong Thanh Danh

Ninh Thuan Province

 

The Vietnamese and foreign scholarship has paid intentions on the existence of Panduranga - Champa after 1692 given Nguyen historical records or researches by Po Dharma, P.B.Lafont and so on. Nevertheless, it remains so far unpublicized in Vietnam, by doing so it causes a shortcoming in awareness, even error on history of Panduranga - Champa or Thuan Thanh commandery and Dai Viet and Champa relations after 1692. Based on the available materials, this article seeks to outline the history of the vassal kingdom of Panduranga - Champa or Thuan Thanh commandery during the period 17th and 19th centuries.

 

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.