Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 10 năm 2016

01/12/2016
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 10 năm 2016 có các bài viết của các tác giả G.M.LOKSHIN, Lê Trung Dũng, Đinh Tiến Hiếu, Nguyễn Thụy Phương, Nguyễn Thị Hạnh

MỤC LỤC

 

Khoa Lịch sử: Sáu mươi năm mấy chặng đường

 

G.M.LOKSHIN: Tòa án quốc tế bác bỏ "các quyền lịch sử" của Trung Quốc trên Biển Đông

 

Lê Trung Dũng: Quan niệm truyền thống của Việt Nam về biên giới và lãnh thổ quốc gia

 

Đinh Tiến Hiếu: Quan hệ bang giao giữa Đại Việt với Trung Hoa dưới triều đại Tây Sơn (1789-1802)

 

Nguyễn Thụy Phương: Giáo dục Pháp trong tiến trình giải thực dân tại Việt Nam (1945-1954): Từ quan điểm chính trị đến thực tế học đường

 

Nguyễn Thị Hạnh: Phân định biên giới đất liền Việt Nam - Trung Quốc: Lịch sử và vấn đề

 

TÓM TẮT TIẾNG ANH

 

Faculty of History: Sixty Years of Stages to the Journey

 

 

The Faculty of History, Hanoi University (present day the University of Social Sciences and Humanities - Vietnam National University, Hanoi) dates back to 60 years of building and development. The achievements of the Faculty imprint energetic efforts, great contributions of many enthusiasm lecturers, staffs with the cause of education, training and scientific research, especially, of 61 sessions of students at the Faculty. The article will present the important achievements in the field of historical training and research for 60 years of building and development of the Faculty of History.

 

 

The International Court Rejected "Historical Rights" of China in the East Sea

 

Dr. G.M. Lokshin

Centre for Vietnamese Studies, ASEAN and Far East Institute

Russian Academy of Sciences

 

On 22 January 2013, the Philippines took China to court  pursuant to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) about the China’s unilateral claim of the "U-shaped line" sovereignty in the East Sea.

In this context, the judgment of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) on maritime issues in The Hague (Netherlands) in 12 July 2016 after more than 3 years of study on the claims of the Philippines against China is paid great intentions by social opinions of many countries.

From the PCA’s judgment, we can see that China cannot rely on any "historical rights" in the East Sea, because of the China’s sign and ratification of the Convention in.

This also creates optimism for small and medium countries in Southeast Asia, providing legal tools in protecting the legitimate interests in the disputes over seas and islands in the region.

 

 

Traditional Perception of Vietnam on the Border and National Territory

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Trung Dung

Institute of History, VASS

 

On the basis of a common definition on border and the evolution of the border concept in history, the author thinks that traditional perception about the Vietnam’s border is familiar with other peoples in the world. The differences, if any, are only in the sense of the Vietnamese on the border and the national territory as well as on how to express the national borderlines mapped.

The paper seeks to insight into two issues:

- Traditional sense of the Vietnamese on border issues and national territory;

- The manifestation of the Vietnamese national border in practice and in the map in history before the French invasion of Vietnam.

 

 

 

The Diplomatic Relations between Dai Viet and China under the Tay Son Dynasty (1789-1802)

 

Dr. Dinh Tien Hieu

Faculty of History

VNU- University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

In the thousands of years of building and defending the nation, Vietnamese always had to deal with northern feudal colonials. Meanwhile, the Chinese feudal dynasties kept nourishing ambition of southward expansion, annexation of Dai Viet, and only recognized when being knocked out of Vietnamese national boundary. During a long period, diplomatic relations between the two countries were the relations between a mother country and a dependency. This is also an important factor that determined the features and nature of relations between Dai Viet under the Tay Son Dynasty and feudal China during the Qing Dynasty. By applying both flexible and tough diplomatic policies, the Tay Son Dynasty contributed significantly to maintain independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity for Dai Viet whilst conserving peaceful relations with China.

 

 

The French Education on the Decolonization Process in Vietnam (1945-1954): As Seen from Political Conception to School Reality

 

Dr. Nguyen Thuy Phuong

The University Paris Diderot (France)

 

This article seeks to analyze the decolonization process in the field of culture and education in Vietnam. From 1945 to 1954, France transformed its "civilizing mission" of the colonial period into a "cultural mission". However, this process was far from straightforward. While French authorities hoped to maintain France's cultural predominance in Vietnam and its former position as "the teacher of Vietnam", they had to make allowances for the new dynamics of the French school system in Vietnam, where parents, students and teachers tried to build a modern educational environment, free, humanist and egalitarian. Even when they resisted French politics, Vietnamese families still appreciated French culture and education.

 

 

The Land Border Demarcation between Vietnam and China: History and Problems

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Thi Hanh

Faculty of History

Hanoi National University of Education

 

Likely most countries in Asia, the borderline between Vietnam and China was formally established in the late nineteenth century through the signing of the Conventions in 1887 and in 1895 between the French colonial government - protectoral regime of Vietnam at the time and the Qing China dynastic government. The purpose of this article is to clarify the process of negotiations between the two parties in order to agree with the legal basis for the border demarcation. At once, the article seeks to refer to the process of border demarcation between France and Qing dynasty based on French original materials aiming to clarify the results of negotiations with “success-unsuccess” as seen from both parties.

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.