Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 1 năm 2017

10/03/2017
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 1 năm 2017 có các bài viết của các tác giả: Phạm Quốc Quân; Đàm Thị Uyên - Cao Thị Nhung; Nguyễn Thị Dương; Nguyễn Văn Khánh - Nguyễn Kim Dung; Nguyễn Duy Bính - Nguyễn Thị Huệ; Lương Thị Hồng; Nguyễn Mạnh Dũng; Lư Vĩ An

MỤC LỤC

 

Phạm Quốc Quân: Hai hiện tượng của khảo cổ học với hai vấn đề của lịch sử Cổ Trung đại Việt Nam

 

Đàm Thị Uyên - Cao Thị Nhung: Sở hữu ruộng đất huyện Yên Bác, tỉnh Lạng Sơn qua tư liệu địa bạ Gia Long 4 (1805)

 

Nguyễn Thị Dương: Chính quyền nhà Nguyễn với việc cải cách Đông y (thế kỷ XIX - nửa đầu thế kỷ XX)

 

Nguyễn Văn Khánh - Nguyễn Kim Dung: Đại học Đông Dương với việc đào tạo đội ngũ trí thức trình độ cao ở Việt Nam đầu thế kỷ XX

 

Nguyễn Duy Bính - Nguyễn Thị Huệ: Bộ máy quản lý làng xã tỉnh Bắc Ninh thời kỳ 1921 - 1945 qua hương ước cải lương

 

Lương Thị Hồng: Công tác phòng không, sơ tán các nhà máy, xí nghiệp ở miền Bắc Việt Nam trong thời kỳ chiến tranh phá hoại lần thứ nhất của đế quốc Mỹ (1965 - 1968)

 

Nguyễn Mạnh Dũng: Phân tích chiến lược phát triển ngoại thương của Việt Nam và Nhật Bản thế kỷ XV - giữa thế kỷ XIX

 

TƯ LIỆU - ĐÍNH CHÍNH SỬ LIỆU

 

Lư Vĩ An: Về hoạt động sử học quốc tế trên Tập san Văn Sử Địa

 

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Two Phenomena of Vietnam Archaeology with Two Issues of

the Ancient and Medieval History

 

Dr. Pham Quoc Quan

Vietnam National Museum of History

 

In 1980s and 1990s, in the South and North Vietnam, there are two impressive archaeological phenomena, but it seems to have sunk quickly into oblivion, and just to be remembered by sporadic publications which were not eligible for their findings: ancient Muong tomb phenomenon and ancient Ma tomb phenomenon. In this article, I wish to revisit the above mentioned issues, but it will not be able to fill the gaps of the above, in some inattentive and unanswered aspects and unsatisfactory to readers but actually relating to Dai Viet and Champa. It is a hypothesis rather than assertion. By doing so, it is waiting for ideas and comments from colleagues and scholarship in order to further study on that given relevant materials in museums, private collections and so on.

 

 

Land Ownership of the Yen Bac District, Lang Son Province Through Land Registers underthe 4th Reign of Gia Long (1805)

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dam Thi Uyen

Cao Thi Nhung

Thai Nguyen University

 

Based on analyzing 17 land registers dated in the 4th reign of Gia Long (1805), we seek to focus on private land ownership, notables' ownership, linages' ownership in order to draw the general picture on the land conditions of Yen Bac district, Lang Son province.

Through land registers, it is highlighted that the amount of the land registers of Yen Bac was much further than the one in North delta region. In fact, in Yen Bac private land ownership dominated the roles of communal village public lands. Lands mostly belonged to such powerful families as Hoang, Thuong, Nong and Nguyen and so on. The village notables in the district were relatively powerful, most of those who had big land ownership were notables in the region. The land condition in Yen Bac district partly reflected land conditions of the first haft of 19th century in Vietnam.

 

 

The Nguyen Dynastic Government and the Oriental Medicine Reform

in the 19th and 20th Centuries

 

Nguyen Thi Duong, MA

Institute of Han Nom Studies, VASS

 

Given primary source of materials of Chau Ban (硃本, Imperial records of the Nguyen dynasty) and Nguyen dynasty's historical documents, at the national level the reform ideas of Oriental medicine (traditional medicine) were rarely appeared under the Tu Duc and Khai Dinh dynasties. In fact, the contact with Western medicine did not change the attitudes of getting rid of the Oriental medicine from the Nguyen dynasty instated it seems to germinate a reformative trend of the national oriental medicine, at the time where it did not have enough of circumstances to be eligible for a reality.

 

Indochinese University and the Training of Advanced Intelligentsia

in Vietnam in the Early 20th Century

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Khanh

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

Nguyen Kim Dung, MA

Social Sciences Publishers, VASS

 

Indochinese University was established in 1906 under the modern university model that first appeared in Vietnam. During around 40 years of its activities (1906-1945), the University trained a new team of high-qualified intellectuals in Vietnam, of which many of them become pioneers in introducing advanced science and technology and greatly contributed to the national modernization as well as the national liberation movement in the early twentieth century in Vietnam.

Based on the collection and analysis of various documents, the purpose of the article is to focus and clarify the organizational structure, activities and roles of Indochinese University in the contributions to training of advanced intellectuals in Vietnam in the early twentieth century.

 

 

Management Apparatus of Bac Ninh Communal Villages in the Period 1921-1945 Through Village Convention Reforms

 

Assoc. Dr. Prof. Nguyen DuyBinh

Nguyen Thi Hue, MA

Faculty of History, Hanoi National University of Education

 

       The communal village regulation reforms (convention reforms) were performed as an experiment in Cochinchina in 1904 with the Decree of the Governor General of Indochina signed on 27 August 1904. In Tonkin, it was carried out from after World War I with the decree of the Resident Superior of Tonkin on 12 August 1921, 25 December 1927, 13 September 1935 and the Ordinance of Bao Dai on 23 May 1941 and several circulars in guiding the implementation of the above-mentioned decrees. In this article, we focus on the analysis of the management apparatus of Bac Ninh communal villages in the period 1921-1945 through reformed conventions in the following fields: organizational structure, composition and function, subject, methods of recruitment and operation and the state's supervision.

 

 

The Air Defense, Evacuation of Factories, Enterprises in North Vietnam

in the First Destruction War of the U.S Imperialism (1965-1968)

 

Dr. Luong Thi Hong

Institute of History, VASS

 

During the first destruction war (1965-1968), one of the leading objectives of the U.S imperialism was to build the economic base in the North. Given archival documents, the article is to highlight requirements and implementation process of the air defense activities, evacuation of factories and enterprises in the North Vietnam during the first destruction war (1965-1968) of the U.S imperialism (1965-1968). By doing so, the article also seeks to review the guidelines and the process of the implementation, roles of workers and the defeat of the U.S. imperialism in the scheme of completely destroying the industry in the North Vietnam.

 

 

An Analysis on the Development Strategy of the Vietnamese and Japanese Foreign Trade in the Fifteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

 

                                                                   Dr. Nguyen Manh Dung

                   VNU - University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

       In the regional transformations, prior to the fifteenth century, Vietnamese and Japanese relations reached various aspects of development. The Japanese began their strong involvements into Southeast Asian societies and more powerfully from the late sixteenth century then on with the internationalized spirit of economic activities. After having established the important economic positions in the regional trade system, they also established Japanese quarters/communities (Nihon machi) in Southeast Asian countries.

       In the medieval East Asian history, researches on economic tradition and foreign trade of Vietnam and Japan have achieved remarkable results. In the general strategy of development, foreign trade activities, awareness of cultural space and establishment, enforcement and protection of economic environment of two monarchies were one of the focus-points in the national development.

       Aiming to draw the general picture of the Vietnamese and Japanese economy in the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, besides traditional approaches, it is required scientifically and practically to open up new approaches, especially modern theories. This also attaches extremely significance when two countries are taking great advantage of all available resources for national development, as well as paying special attentions to the strength and expansion of international relations, including maritime economic and security cooperation.

 

 

Activities of International Historical Studies in the Journal of Literature,

History and Geography

 

Lu Vi An

Faculty of History

University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU-Ho Chi Minh City

 

Published from June 1954, the Journal of Literature, History and Geography - official voice of the Board of History - Geography - Literature Studies became the first scientific forum in the field of social sciences of the State of Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Besides the study of national history, the Journal also published essays on world history and historical studies information, historical achievements of the countries in the world. The article seeks to recapitulate the successes that the journal achieved during around five years of its activities (1954-1959), first of all in international historical studies.

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.