Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 2 năm 2017

11/04/2017
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 2 năm 2017 có bài viết của các tác giả: Hà Minh Hông; Chu Xuân Giao; Phan Ngọc Huyền; Nguyễn Minh Tường; Phạm Hồng Tung - Nguyễn Quang Liệu; Trương Thị Dương; Phạm Văn Thủy; Võ Minh Tập

MỤC LỤC

 

Hà Minh Hồng: 40 năm Khoa Lịch sử, Trường Đại học Khoa học xã hội và Nhân văn Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh

 

Chu Xuân Giao: Vương Triều Mạc thời kỳ Cao Bằng xung quanh thời điểm năm 1611, qua nội dung bài minh trên chuông lớn của Viên Minh

 

Phan Ngọc Huyền: Khảo cứu về tổ chức và cơ chế hoạt động của Lục khoa thời Lê sơ

 

Nguyễn Minh Tường: Nhà ngoại giao Phan Huy Ích và chuyến đi sứ Thanh năm 1790

 

Phạm Hồng Tung - Nguyễn Quang Liệu: Người anh hùng Nguyễn Thiện Thuật và cuộc khởi nghĩa Bãi Sậy trong hành trình lịch sử dân tộc

 

Trương Thị Dương: Về hoạt động của một số trí thức ở Trung kỳ đầu thế kỷ XX qua báo cáo của chính quyền thực dân

 

Phạm Văn Thủy: Đổi mới ở Việt Nam trong bối cảnh kinh tế - chính trị khu vực Đông Á nửa sau thế kỷ XX

 

Võ Minh Tập: Bình thường hóa quan hệ Mỹ - Cuba

 

 

TÓM TẮT

 

               40 Years of Faculty of History University

      of Social Sciences and Humanities Ho Chi Minh City

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ha Minh Hong

Faculty of History

University of Social Sciences and Humanities Ho Chi Minh City

 

In 40 years of building and development, the Faculty of History, University of Social Sciences & Humanities, Vietnam National University in Ho Chi Minh City is on the road of inheriting and continuing the achievements which have contributed to the renewal of a "historical studies" in the South, and significantly to the creation of the generation of historians of the Southern historical science.

The Faculty of History is an organizational system which is appropriate for operation, in which there are not only full of government organizations and unions, but also a team of researchers, lecturers and staffs. They are experienced and well-known lecturers and researchers, able to gather scientists and to realize the important tasks of the historical science of the Motherland’s South.                

 

 

Cao Bang Period of Mac Dynasty around the Year of 1611 - Through the Bell with Writings of Viên Minh Pagoda in Cao Bằng Province

 

Dr. Chu Xuan Giao

Institute of Cultural Studies, VASS

 

Writing engraved on the big bell in Viên Minh pagoda (Cao Bằng province) is a valuable material to study on the era of the Mạc Dynasty in Cao Bằng. Unfortunately, it is blurred and eroded, which makes it hard to read, leading to the dissimilarity in reproduction and interpretation among researchers.

From results of textual evidence, and taking advantage of relevant sources for comparison, the author provides a new understanding of the content of the writing on Viên Minh Pagoda’s bell whereby grounds for visualizing capital and the kingdom of the Mạc Dynasty on the early days in Cao Bằng are formed. This is the first time the author offers a way of understanding “Nam Việt Kingdom”, “Cao Bằng Kingdom” and “Cao Bình Capital” in order according to historical process. It can be the right research method to contribute to clarify cultural and historical issues about the Mạc Dynasty in its final stages. The article consists of following contents: 1) Ancient Viên Minh Pagoda; 2) Nam Việt Kingdom at will, the Cao Bằng kingdom in reality; 3) Prominent King of the Mạc Dynasty and the Talented Official bearing the family name Lê.

 

 

A Study on the Organization and Operation Structure

of Six Administrative Sections in Early Le Dynasty (1428 - 1527)

 

Dr. Phan Ngoc Huyen

Faculty of History - Centre for Asian Studies

Hanoi National University of Education

 

During Early Le Dynasty, especially after coming to power of Le Thanh Tong (1460 – 1497), the administrative system of Dai Viet state had many changes. Apart from the Censorate (御史台) taking supreme power in the vertical direction, the Early Le Dynasty also saw the establishment of the Six Administrative Sections (六科) in order to monitor the six ministries in the horizontal direction. The establishment and operation of the Six Administrative Sections along with the Censorate managed to create a relatively comprehensive system of supervision and monitoring in Early Le Dynasty. This article aims at the studies of the establishment, organizational structure, functions, missions and operations of the Six Administrative Sections. On the other hand, this article seeks to point out the similarity and difference between the Six Administrative Sections in Early Le Dynasty and Minh dynasty as well as come up with comments in terms of contributions and limitations of the unit within the political system of Early Le Dynasty.

 

 

 

Diplomat Phan Huy Ich and His Envoy to the Qing Dynasty in 1790

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Minh Tuong

Institute of History, VASS

 

The delegation of our country led by false King Pham Cong Tri to the Qing Dynasty king for Qianlong King’s Longevity wishing Ceremony in the year of Canh Tuat (in 1790) was successful beyond the expectations of delegation’s members. The envoy’s results in 1790 greatly influenced to the relationship between the Tây Son Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty in later years.

As for Phan Huy Ich, during this trip, he fulfilled the task assigned by King Quang Trung. Through the trip, Phan Huy Ich showed a smart, talented and resourceful diplomat. He is worthy of Confucian scholars’ comments and praises "Envoy does not humiliate King’s mission!" (Subject to go to foreign country, do not humiliate king’s mission).

 

 

 

The Hero Nguyen Thien Thuat and the Bai Say Uprising in the National History

 

 

Prof. Dr. Pham Hong Tung

VNU Institute of Vietnamese Studies and Development Science

Dr. Nguyen Quang Lieu

VNU University of Social Sciences and Humanities

 

 

In the armed resistant movement against the French in the second haft of the nineteenth century, the Bai Say uprising under the leadership of Nguyen Thien Thuat was the largest and most important one in the North of Vietnam. In order to re-examine the role and significance of this uprising, the authors of this article try to situate Nguyen Thien Thuat in the intellectual and political context of Vietnam and of Southeast Asia in the 19th century for reconsideration. In this way, the authors point out, that Nguyen Thien Thuat and other leaders of the movement were the true patriotic hero of their time. But they belonged to the most conservative Confucian intellectuals in Vietnam of that time. And this was the root cause for the quasi unavoidable failure of the movement. Along this line, the authors also re-interpret the role and significance of the Bai Say uprising and bring in new insights. 

 

 

 

Activities of Some Vietnamese Intellectuals in the Early 20th Century

through Reports of the Colonial Government

 

Dr. Truong Thi Duong

Department of History

University of Quy Nhon

 

 

In the early twentieth century, before the impact of objective factors and subjective, Confucian intellectuals progressed in the positive changes of thought. They guided the path to save the country according to a new position, bourgeois democracy. Therefore, the movement against France late nineteenth century, the patriotic movement of the early twentieth century by leading intellectuals took place peacefully, with many diverse forms as traders association, founded schools, to open people... people gas shock position, towards the ultimate goal is liberation. Under the talents of intellectuals, movement happening simmering but cleverly avoided the two words "against France". However, the operation was to teach people to stand up against the French. All activities that are not through the eyes of the authorities. The document of the French report is one of the true objective evidence of this.

 

 

 

Doi Moi (Reform) in Vietnam in the East Asian Political and Economic Context in the Second Haft of the 20th Century

 

Dr. Pham Van Thuy

VNU University of Social Sciences and Humanities

 

This article seeks to contextualize Vietnam’s Doimoi in the political and economic transformations in the East Asian countries in the second half of the twentieth century. Attention is given to the countries, which have a historical affinity with Vietnam, i.e. the countries formerly colonized by Western powers or by the Japanese. Shortly after independence, many countries in the regions implemented the economic and social reform programs, transforming themselves to become the Newly Industrialized Countries (NICs) or Asian Tigers. Due to consecutive wars, Vietnam launched the reform (Doimoi) rather later than other countries. However, the remarkable achievements of the Doimoi ensure that Vietnam will be able to catch up, or even surpass many countries in the region.

 

 

 

The Normalization of the U.S and Cuban Relations

 

Vo Minh Tap

PhD Candidate, University of Social Sciences and Humanities

Ho Chi Minh City National University

 

This article analyzes the normalization process of U.S and Cuban relations. Then, it seeks to focus on analyzing the causes of the process, assessing opportunities, challenges and prospects of US and Cuban relations in the next time.

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.