Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 5 năm 2017

01/07/2017
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 5 năm 2017 có bài viết của các tác giả: Vũ Minh Giang; Phạm Hồng Tung; Nguyễn Thị Kiều Trang; Nguyễn Thị Mỹ Hạnh; Dương Văn Khoa; Lưu Anh Rô; Trần Tuấn Sơn; Trần Trung Hiếu; Nguyễn Quang Ngọc.

MỤC LỤC

 

Vũ Minh Giang: Một số ý kiến về họ Đinh với lịch sử phát triển dân tộc Việt Nam

Phạm Hồng Tung: Vấn đề “ngụy triều” và việc nghiên cứu, đánh giá, trình bày về thể chế quốc gia Việt Nam trong lịch sử dân tộc

Nguyễn Thị Kiều Trang: Việc giải quyết vấn đề tranh chấp biên giới, lãnh thổ giữa các vương triều Trần, Hồ, Lê Sơ của Đại Việt với nhà Minh

Nguyễn Thị Mỹ Hạnh: Trách nhiệm quốc tế của triều Nguyễn trong vấn đề biển Đông thế kỷ XIX

Dương Văn Khoa: Sản xuất lúa gạo ở tỉnh Nam Định (1919-1945)

Lưu Anh Rô: Việc thực dân Pháp phát hiện và bắt giữ các yếu nhân trong cuộc khởi nghĩa Duy Tân 1916 – Qua môt số tài liệu lưu trữ

Trần Tuấn Sơn: Về một số trại giam tù binh của Mỹ và chính quyền Việt Nam Cộng hòa từ năm 1966 đến năm 1973

Trần Trung Hiếu: Giáo dục lịch sử trong tiến trình đổi mới

Nguyễn Quang Ngọc: “Hệ thống cảng thj trên sông Đàng Ngoài: Lịch sử ngoại thương Việt Nam thế kỷ XVII – XVIII”

 

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Some Opinions about the Dinh Family to the Vietnam History of National Development Path

 

Prof. Dr. Sc. Vu Minh Giang

Vietnam National University, Hanoi

 

After more than 1,000 years under the rule and constantly and intensely assimilated policy of the Northern empires, our nation was not only assimilated but also stood up to assert  independence and self-reliance by 983 glorious war. This is an unique event in the world history. There are a good number of historical works relating to this event, nonetheless such explanation remains uncomplete. Therefore new approaches must be taken, it must be put in the whole course of the national history, and many such events must be considered as the event of Khuc Thua Du in 905, the role of Duong Dinh Nghe, Ngo Quyen event in 938, 12 warlords, especially Dinh Bo Linh came to the throne.

I suppose, the event on the throne is placed in the second position after the national foundation day of Hung Vuong. Because after more than 1,000 years under the Northern domination, we have a real official name, clear frontier, especially building a centralized governing body. Furthermore, the date on the throne of Emperor Dinh Tien Hoang is not merely the coronation day, it is also an important milestone in the development path of our national history.

 

The Problem of “Fake Regime” and the Research, Evaluation and Presentation of the State of Vietnam in the National History of Vietnam

 

Prof. Dr. Pham Hong Tung

VNU-Institute of Vietnamese studies and Development Science

 

  In studying and presenting national history of Vietnam, as well as national history of other state - nations, historians often face up to a problem of “fake regime” – the one that failed to legitimize its existence in the national history. This is one of issues that cause a lot of hard disputes and discussions among the historians.

  In this paper, the author firstly tries to re-examine some cases of “fake regimes” in the history of Vietnam. Based on this, he suggests several principles for research and presentation of this kind of regime in the national history of Vietnam.

Then, the author focuses on the case of State of Vietnam - the Vietnamese puppet government which was established by the French during the First Indochina War. Nevertheless, it was this regime that officially declared the national sovereignty of Vietnam at the San Francisco Conference in 1951. And its declaration was recognized and supported by the international community. That is why the author argues, that the historians should not ignore or deny the legitimation of this regime, because in doing so, they may hurt the national interest and sovereignty of Vietnam.

 

Resolutions of Frontier and Territory Dispute Issues between Tran, Ho and Early Le Dynasties in Dai Viet and Ming China Dynasty

 

Dr. Nguyen Thi Kieu Trang

Faculty of History, Hanoi National University of Education

 

Since the Ming was established during 1368 to the beginning of the sixteenth century, Vietnam had three successive dynasties: Tran, Ho, Later Le. During that period, the relation between the Vietnamese dynasty and the Ming also experienced many different levels: peaceful, harmonious, sometimes implying conflict, tension and even war. There are many causes of the ups and downs, one of which was the disputed territorial, border issues and how to solve this problem on both sides. The settlement of this dispute depends on the foreign affairs between the two kingdoms and forces of each nation in every particular moment. The result of tackling the dispute had an immediate impact on relations of both countries in turn. However, under any circumstances, attitudes and actions of the Tran, Ho, Le dynasties to territorial and border issues were always very apparent: getting on well with China to hold peaceful harmony for countries, but firmly maintaining independence, sovereignty, country’s face and ready to reasonably counter-attack every infringements to national territory.

 

International Responsibility of the Nguyen Dynasty to the East Sea in the 19th Century

 

Dr. Nguyen Thi My Hanh

Faculty of Vietnamese Studies

Hanoi National University of Education

 

The article initially seeks to reflect the international consciousness and responsibility of the Nguyen dynasty to the East Sea in the nineteenth century. This is the traditional continuation of the feudal dynasties that preceded and under the Nguyen dynasty, it was further promoted. Not only protecting the people's interests, the Nguyen also carried out various activities in the East Sea in order to protect the legitimate interests of other peoples in the world, contributing to the maintenance of peace and maritime security. It was the way of behaving deeply in spirit and sense of international responsibility that became a taciturn statement and an extremely soft about the real right of Vietnam to possess the sacred islands.

 

Rice production in Nam Dinh province (1919 – 1945)

 

Dr. Duong Van Khoa

Hanoi National University of Education

 

  Before the First World War, under the impact of the mining colony's first French colonists, provincial agriculture have certain changes. After the First World War, the colonial government to invest heavily in agriculture (capital, science, technology ...). Therefore, rice area is constantly expanding production, increasing productivity, agricultural economist Nam Dinh has shifted gradually towards commercial production. However, the life of the farmer in Nam Dinh increasingly afflicted, more destitute, the fruits of production due mainly fall into the hands of dominance. Measures of the colonial government in science, engineering to expand the area of ​​cultivation, increase production, productivity is the experience necessary reference for agricultural production in Nam Dinh and Vietnam today

 

 

Detection and Arrestation of Important Persons by French Colonialism in the Duy Tan Issurection in 1916 - Through Archives

 

Luu Anh Ro, MA

Vietnam Association of History Science in Da Nang

 

Over the past 100 years, despite the fact that there are a good number of published researches on the inssuections of the Duy Tan King in 1916, it remains unanswered issues. Based on some materials currently stored at the Centre des archives d'outre mer (CAOM), this article seeks to clarify the expose of the insurrection in Quang Ngai or Hue, what was the role of Tran Quang Tru in helping the French capture King Duy Tan and how that process has taken place and so on.

 

 

Examination on Regulations to Some  POW Stockades of the U.S and the Republic of Vietnam from 1966 to 1973

 

Tran Tuan Son, MA

Institute of Party History, HCMNAP

 

During the Vietnam War, in order to suppress the revolutionary struggle in the South, the U.S imperialism and the republic of Vietnam established a dense system of prisons and concentrated stockakes from central to local levels to imprison communists, patriots, revolutionary soldiers. Especially, for prisoners of war (POW), since 1966, the Saigon government established six POW stockades: Ho Nai - Bien Hoa (May 1966), Pleiku - Gia Lai (September 1966), Da Nang - Quang Nam (December 1966), Phu Tai - Quy Nhon women prisons (June 1967) and so on. Basically, these prisons existed until 1973, when the U.S imperialism and the Saigon authorities were required to return prisoners in accordance with the Paris Agreement.

 

History Education in the Renovation Process

 

Tran Trung Hieu, MA

Phan Boi Chau High School for Gifted Students, Nghe An

 

  In the past 10 years, since I wrote "History discipline exams of laughing that till it causes tears from the eyes" published in Tien Phong Newspaper (June 2007), it is also a time of changes related to the problem of teaching history as well as the history education in high school.

  From Resolution N029 of the Central Committee on the "Fundamental and Comprehensive Renovation" in education, MoET is currently implementing the 2017 General Education Curriculum, and teaching History and Curriculum Education to how to meet requirements of innovation in the new situation of the sector, the industrialization and modernization of the country become a necessity.

  As a teacher with more than 20 years of teaching history, the author of this article who had written many articles on history, participated in many expert seminars, national scientific workshops, international history, would like to discuss with my colleagues his thoughts and concerns about the situation, causes and solutions on the history education in the renovation process.

 

The Port-Cities System along Tonkin River: A History of Vietnam Foreign Trade in the 17th-18th Centuries

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Quang Ngọc

Vietnam National University, Hanoi

 

In studying the history of foreign trade in Pre-Colonial Vietnam, there was not a good number of works due to the lack of primary sources. Since the early 1990s, in the context of Renovation in Vietnam, some scholars and I had paid attention to the archives in Den Hagg and London that could reveal the hidden picture of trading activities and international relations of Vietnam during the Early Modern period. This led me to promote two of my students to carry their studies basing on the sources. If Hoàng Anh Tuấn’s Silk for Silver (Leiden, 2007) has made a milestone in exploiting the VOC materials, restoring the potitical and economic relations between the Dutch East India Company and Tonkin in the 17th century, this monograph focuses on the materials from “British factory in Tonkin”, criticising and putting the Western sources in comparision with the others, including medieval Vietnamese annals, archaeological evidences, cartography, and fieldwork results. The book, therefore, discusses the bigger issue of Tonkin foreign trade during the longer period of the 17th and 18th centuries, and even of the 16th century Great Việt.

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.