Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 6 năm 2017

12/07/2017
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 6 – 2017 có bài viết của các tác giả: Nguyễn Văn Khánh – Cam Anh Tuấn – Nguyễn Văn Ngọc; Đặng Ngọc Hà; Tạ Thị Thúy; Lê Thùy Linh; Nguyễn Phúc Nghiệp – Nguyễn Thị Thúy Hằng; Nguyễn Thị Vĩnh Linh; Đỗ Hoàng Anh; Văn Ngọc Thành.

MỤC LỤC

 

Nguyễn Văn Khánh – Cam Anh Tuấn – Nguyễn Văn Ngọc: Vài nét về tìnhh hình nghiên cứu Lịch sử Việt Nam dưới thời Pháp thuộc

Đặng Ngọc Hà: Vùng đất Mô Xoài trong quá trình khai phá Nam Bộ dưới thời các chúa Nguyễn

Tạ Thị Thúy: Quy chế cấp nhượng và khai thác mỏ do thực dân Pháp ban hành ở Việt Nam từ cuối thế kỷ XIX đến năm 1945

Lê Thùy Linh: Chính sách của chính quyền Lê – Trịnh đối với thủ công nghiệp thế kỷ XVII – XVIII

Nguyễn Phúc Nghiệp – Nguyễn Thị Thúy Hằng: Nghề trồng, chế biến và buôn bán cau ở Nam Kỳ trong nửa đầu thế kỷ XIX

Nguyễn Thị Vĩnh Linh: Quá trình hình thành Nhà nước Estado da India – Nhà nước thuộc địa đầu tiên của Bồ Đào Nha ở châu Á

Đỗ Hoàng Anh: Môn Lịch sử - Địa lý trong chương trình giáo dục của Pháp thời kỳ thuộc địa ở Việt Nam

Văn Ngọc Thành: Tác phẩm “Lịch sử chiến tranh Peloponnese” của Thucydies

 

TÓM TẮT

 

 

Some Remarks on Research Literature of the Vietnamese History under the French Colonialization

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Khanh

Dr. Cam Anh Tuan

Nguyen Van Ngoc, MA

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

The history of Vietnam is a great subject and theme that was earlier paid attention by Vietnamese and foreign scholars. During the time under the French rule from the mid-nineteenth century to the nineteenth century, a large number of researches on Vietnamese history were authored by the Nguyen Dynasty's historian office and some such Vietnamese authors as Nguyen Thong, Dang Xuan Bang, Phan Boi Chau, Tran Trong Kim... who continued to publish and introduce it to the public readers.

On the basis of selected materials, the article seeks to overview the research literature and historical achievements of Vietnam in the colonial period from general national books to specifically historical works of each period, different disciplines such as archeology, ethnology, economic history, cultural history of Vietnam and so on. In doing so, the article initially points some remarks out on perspectives, especially on approaches and research methods of Vietnamese and foreign historians and scholars about the history of Vietnam under the French domination.

 

 

Mo Xoai in Cochinchinese Exploitation Process of the Nguyen Lords

 

Dang Ngoc Ha, MA

VNU-Institute of Vietnamese Studies and Development Science

 

Mo Xoai was the border area, strategic point in the process of land opening and establishment of Vietnam's sovereignty in Cochinchina under the Nguyen lords. The historical bibliography has mentioned on the important role of Mo Xoai on the road of territorial opening in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Mo Xoai became the first step selected by the Nguyen lords for the South exploitation. Given diplomatic and military measures of many generations, Mo Xoai gradually became the place of residence of the Vietnamese, then towards the southern center, Cuu Long river delta. The article seeks to relocate Mo Xoai area, clarify the process of land opening and to establish the Cochinchina's sovereignty under the Nguyen lords.

 

 

Regulations to Mining Concessions and Exploitation Issued by French Colonialism from the Late 19th Century to 1945

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ta Thi Thuy

Institute of History, VASS

 

After having forced the Nguyen dynasty to sign the Mine Convention on 18 February 1885, France began immediately establishing a set of regulations on concessions and exploitation of mineral resources of Indochina in general and Vietnam in particular.

Given our incomplete statistics, from 1888 to 1945, there were more than 90 documents related to mines issued in Indochina, including 25 ordinances issued by the French President and the Ministry of the Colonies; 37 decrees signed by Governor-General of Indochina and residence heads; 12 circulars, directives to explain and concretize the application of the higher levels' documents. The rest was correspondences, reports on mining regulations. In those documents, the three most important decrees governing all regulations were the Decrees on October 16th 1888, February 25th 1897, and January 26th 1912.

Each text had its own content, but all of the above documents were considered to have constituted a "mining Law" in Indochina, focusing on the most common regulations on mining exploitation concession, specifically on subjects, the shape of the occupied areas and conceded mine area; forms of mining concessions and ownership; official and temporary ownership; rights and obligations...

 

 

Policies to the Handicraft of the Le\Trinh Government in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

 

Le Thuy Linh, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, handicrafts in Tonkin not only developed within the state-owned factories (quan xưởng) but also thrived in many handicrafts villages. Although handicrafts were never regarded as the “basic business” (nghề gốc), the consecutive governments still paid a considerable attention to these industries thanks to their essential contribution to the daily life as well as the regular source of income through the annual taxation system. Historically, the state policies towards handicrafts had been rather systematically promulgated by the governments during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and well documented in such annals as Quốc triều hình luật, Thiên Nam dư hạ tập, and so forth. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Lê/Trịnh government basically maintained the old regulations and slightly modified them to make them fit into the new context.

Basing on the information extracted from the Vietnamese annals and additional data from the contemporary Western records, this paper highlights the Lê\Trịnh regime’s policies towards Tonkin’s handicrafts, focusing on five major aspects: 1) state polices towards handicraftsmen, 2) state regulations on quality and characteristics of the products, 3) state regulations on the exchange of products, 4) state policy on taxation, 5) state policies towards the natural products.

 

 

Betel-Nuts Plant, Processing and Trade in Cochinchina under the Nguyen Dynasty  in the First Half of the 19th Century

 

Dr. Nguyen Phuc Nghiep

Dr. Nguyen Thi Thuy Hang

Tien Giang University

 

In Cochinchina, at the first half of the nineteenth century, besides rice, people still tried to develop gardening. With the way of "Digging ditches in succession," the inhabitants have conquered humid lands; to make a fertile "hick", planted many fruit trees. This has been one of the most creative of the settlers, helping them master the Mekong River Delta.

At that time, among the fruit trees, arecas have been planted mainly and the most popular. Areca gardens were found mostly at the strip of land along Mekong River, they were fertile alluvium, a relatively tall, were not affected by flooding, not affected by acidity and salinity.

Betel-nuts have been greatly consumed in the country, because the customs of chewing betel-nuts has still been popular at that time. And these agricultural products also have been exported to many countries, used in making pharmaceuticals, food and raw materials in the technology of dyeing cloths, tanning in China, Southeast Asia and Europe. Therefore, at markets, typically An Binh Dong Market of Dinh Tuong Province (known as Cai Be market, Tien Giang province at present) and Saigon market, activities of selling and buying have happened  very busily.

In the first half of the nineteenth century, with the formation of the areas specializing in areca gardens, gardening in Cochinchina has directed to the production of goods. This has demonstrated the flexibility, creativity in production and sales of farmers and businessmen, help the economy out of agriculture in Cochinchina of monoculture rice gradually, forming economic types of garden dynamic nature and directing of the market.

 

 

Estado Da India Establishment - The First Colonial State of Portugal in Asia

 

Dr. Nguyen Thi Vinh Linh

Culture and Tourism Faculty, Quang Nam University

 

In the first half of the 16th century, after  the discovery journey of Vasco da Gama, Portugal became the pioneer country to discover the new sea route from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean. With the expansion of the trading port system and the ambition of monopoly over the Asia - Europe maritime route, the Crown decided to establish Estado da India in a special administrative way, which contributed to creating countenance of the first “coastal commercial empire” in the modern era. The foundation of Estado da India did not only play an important role in shaping the developing trend and featured appearance of the Portuguese colonial network in the Orient, but also create a substantial change in trade relations between Portuguese and other merchants in the Indian Ocean coast.

 

 

The History and Geography in the French Education in Colonial Period in Vietnam

 

Do Hoang Anh

National Archives Centre, No 1

 

After the French invaded Tonkin, they planned to train Vietnamese people for political and economic purposes. Being appointed Resident-General of Annam and Tonkin in 1886, Paul Bert, a well-known educator, speeded up school establishment and managed education system. As a result, a number of schools were built in Tonkin and Annam and the Franco-Vietnamese education program was promulgated.

The year 1906 marked the first education reform in Vietnam under French occupation, dividing it into 2 levels: primary and complementary school. Ten years after its implementation, the reform program brought an undesired result: the parallel existence of 2 education systems, causing detrimental conflict to the colonial government. The second education reform in 1917 started with the promulgation of the General code on education issued by Albert Sarraut, Governor General of French Indochina. Based on it, education in Vietnam was divided into 3 levels: first level (primary education); second level (secondary education) and higher education. Unlike the indigenous education only focusing on literature, the French education had brought positive and innovative elements in training human resources to society. The History - Geography were taught in schools from primary to university level. These subjects were such important that they had been appeared in the recruitment of many services.

This article aims to provide archival information on the teaching of History and Geography in the colonial time in Vietnam.

 

 

"The History of the Peloponnesian War" by Thucydides

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Van Ngoc Thanh

Hanoi National University of Education

 

The article introduces Thucydides's book entitled The History of the Peloponnesian War (translated by Richard Crawley into English and references to English translations by Benjamin Jowett, Thomas Hobbes and some other English translations), jointly published by Vietnam Omega Books and the World Publishers in Vietnamese. The 16x24cm-size, 760-page hardcover book is the classic work of the world history first introduced in Vietnam. On the basis of the initial perception, we seek to present the contributions of this work in three aspects: A source of materials for research; Historical methodology; Application of the interdisciplinary research methods.

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.