Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 2 năm 2020

02/03/2020
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 2 năm 2020 có bài viết của các tác giả: Nguyễn Văn Kim; Trần Anh Dũng; Phan Đăng Thuận; Trần Thị Phương Hoa; Lê Đức Hoàng; Nguyễn Ngọc Hùng; Đào Tuấn Thành

MỤC LỤC

 

Nguyễn Văn Kim: Lạng Sơn - Đông Bắc Việt Nam: Vị thế chiến lược và tiềm năng phát triển

 

Trần Anh Dũng: Đại bản doanh của vua Trần trong thế trận Bạch Đằng năm 1288 - Tiếp cận từ khảo cổ học

 

Phan Đăng Thuận: Giáo dục Nho học Đại Việt thế kỷ XVI

 

Trần Thị Phương Hoa: Giáo dục làng xã ở Trung Kỳ từ năm 1906 đến năm 1945

 

Lê Đức Hoàng: Chiến dịch Thập Vạn Đại Sơn - Một mốc son về tinh thần quốc tế vô sản trong sáng của Quân đội nhân dân Việt Nam

 

Nguyễn Ngọc Hùng: Về quá trình bình thường hóa quan hệ Mỹ - Trung dưới thời Tổng thống Nixon (1969-1974)

 

Đào Tuấn Thành: “Chủ nghĩa tư bản: Lịch sử thăng trầm 120 năm (1900-2020)”

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Lang Son - Northeast Vietnam: Strategic Position and Development Potentials

 

                                                                              Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Kim

 VNU - University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

As for the Northeast region, Lang Son can be considered a sub-region. This sub-region has distinctive natural, social and cultural characteristics because of its strategic, historical, geopolitical and geo-economic relations. In the memory of the nation, Nam Quan pass, Ky Lua, Nhi Thanh, Tam Thanh, and Chi Lang are not only the famous relics but also a "witness" of history, marking the heroic feat of a nation. Based on various sources, the article contributes to clarifying the strategic position, economic potentials, typical cultural and social characteristics of Lang Son to propose some thoughts and recommendations on the current development of Lang Son.

 

 

Headquarter of the Tran Kings in Bach Dang Battle in 1288 - An Approach from Archeology

 

                                                 Dr. Tran Anh Dung

Institute of Archeology, VASS

                                                 

       The battle of Bach Dang in 1288 contributed to the decisive part of Dai Viet's victory in the 3rd resistance war against the Yuan - Mongols. In Bach Dang in 1288, the headquarter was occupied by Emperor's Father Tran Thanh Tong and King Tran Nhan Tong created and commanded the Bach Dang battlefield carefully meticulously, thoughtfully, secretly and unexpectedly prepared from the backline to coordinate promptly and effectively with the front line of Quoc-Cong-Tiet-Che Tran Hung Dao. It destroyed the mighty army of Yuan - Mongols. The headquarter of Tran kings in Bach Dang in 1288 not only is recorded in ancient history but in fact, this vast base is traced and found in archeological evidence.

 

Confucian Education of the 16th Century Dai Viet

 

Phan Dang Thuan, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

In the whole land of Dai Viet in the sixteenth century from 1533 to 1592, two parallel governments were opposed namely the Mac dynasty (North dynasty) and Le Trung Hung (South dynasty). To build and strengthen the government apparatus, both dynasties focused on education and talent acquisition and recruitment. The education in this period was still inherited from educational achievements in Early Le, especially under the reign of Le Thanh Tong King. The education system did not change much as compared to the former period. The school system was decentralized from the central to local levels, including public and private schools. The special remark of the public school system in this period was that besides Quoc Tu Giam in Thang Long, in Duong Kinh, there was a state school not only for the Mac family but also attracted a large number of pupils in the region.

 

Education of Annamese Communal Village from 1906 to 1945

 

                                           Dr. Tran Thi Phuong Hoa

Institute of History, VASS

 

The article addresses the education of Annam's communal village from 1906 to 1945, focusing on changes in policy, budget, school system, teacher, and program. Regarding policy, the article seeks to clarify the reform in 1906, the establishment of childhood schools (child education) in the communal village and the reform in 1919 of giving the school management to the French colonial government. The reform in 1932-1933 handed over authority of the school management to Nguyen dynasty when the Ministry of National Education was established. Along with the changes of policy it was the change of financing source/budget, curriculums, number of schools and students. In particular, the issue of communal village teacher is also presented in this article.

 

Thap Van Dai Son (Shiwan dashan) Campaign - A Mark on Brightly Communist International Spirit of the Heroic Vietnamese People's Army

 

Dr. Le Duc Hoang

Academy of Journalism and Communication

 

When the resistance war against French colonialism of the Vietnamese people was came into a fierce period, the Chinese revolution was in trouble, needing help to fight and destroy the Chiang army. With the lofty and brightly communist international spirit the Party, President Ho Chi Minh, the Vietnamese people's army enthusiastically helped the Chinese revolution. The help and the contribution of the Vietnamese army to the Chinese revolution were a proud concept of Vietnam, demonstrating the friendship between Vietnam and China and recognized and highly appreciated by the Chinese revolution and international friends.

 

 

The Korean War (1950 - 1953) and the Impact on the US Foreign Policy towards China

 

Nguyen Ngoc Hung, PhD student

Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam

 

        The People's Republic of China was established on 1st of October, 1949, in the context of the Cold War between the US and the Soviet Union already began and spread. During the war against Japan and the Civil war between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Kuomintang (KMT), the United States had cooperated with the Communists. So after CCP took the power, the US still hoped to build a good relationship with the new Chinese government. However, the Korean War broke out on 25th of June, 1950. China supported North Korea and participated in the war in November 1950. Chinese troops directly confronted the US military and allies and pushed back the US army to the South. That changed American thinking. Since then the US had decided to switch to a policy of confrontation, restraint, and containment to China.

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.