Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 3 năm 2020

02/04/2020
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 3 năm 2020 có bài viết của các tác giả: Hoàng Khắc Nam; Trần Thị Vinh; Trương Thúy Trinh; Nguyễn Đình Cơ; Đỗ Thị Hương Thảo; Lê Trung Dũng; Nguyễn Đỗ Ngân Giang

MỤC LỤC

 

Hoàng Khắc Nam: Cấu trúc trong lịch sử quan hệ quốc tế

 

Trần Thị Vinh: Tuyển dụng quan lại vào làm việc trong chính quyền nhà nước thời Lê - Mạc (1527-1592)

 

Trương Thúy Trinh: Khảo cứu bước đầu về chùa sắc tứ ở Đàng Trong thời chúa Nguyễn (1558-1777)

 

Nguyễn Đình Cơ: Vùng đất Tây Ninh trong chiến lược giữ vững an ninh biên giới của chính quyền chúa và vua nhà Nguyễn (thế kỷ XVII - nửa đầu thế kỷ XIX)

 

Đỗ Thị Hương Thảo: Những vấn đề giáo dục và khoa cử Việt Nam cuối thế kỷ XIX đầu thế kỷ XX - Nhìn từ đề xuất của Cao Xuân Dục

 

Lê Trung Dũng: Nhìn lại việc Pháp thâm nhập vào Lào trong hai thập niên cuối thế kỷ XIX và hệ quả

 

Nguyễn Đỗ Ngân Giang: Vai trò của Indonesia trong Hiệp hội các quốc gia vành đai Ấn Độ Dương (IORA)

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Structure in the History of International Relations

 

Prof. Dr. Hoang Khac Nam

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

Structure is a great fact of human social life, including international relations (IR). Structure has been studied a lot in the international history but not been used much in international relations. In the general situation of international relations, history is used a lot but when studying on history which is not been studied in the theory of international relations.

Aiming to further promote the application of an approach and structural analysis into the history of international relations, this article seeks to present some perceptions of the structure in international relations and to examine the process of the structure in the history of international relations. Based on these two theoretical and practical bases, the article seeks to give some initial ideas on the application of the structure for the study of international relation history.

 

Recruiting officials to work in the Le - Mac state government (1527-1592)
 

                                                                            Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tran Thị Vinh  

Institute of History, VASS                                  

In the year 1527, the Mac Dynasty replaced the Le Dynasty, followed by the Le Dynasty rememergenced in 1533, resulted in the formation of two opposing forces: The Mac (1527 - 1592) in the North started from Ninh Binh, and the Le (1533 - 1592) in the south started from Thanh Hoa. To have enough power for their central government, in the first few years, both the Mac Dynasty and Le Dynasty attempted to recuit ex-politicians of the Le Dynasty (1428 - 1527), however the exact number was not high.

Having new politicians was the main preference, through the deployment of many Confucianism examination periods to look for prodigies. The amount of political workers recuited by the Mac was higher than that of the Le, as there were more exams taken place. However, the quality of Le political workers were equal to the Mac. The new generation of politicians had many contributions to both Dynasty and Dai Viet in the XVI centure. Furthermore, the Le Dynasty also employed many defectors from Mac Dynasty due to circumstancial reaons and these individuals played a great role for the Le development. The recuitment of politcians in the central government under the rule of the Le - Mac Dynasty was one of the greatest successes for the two sides in the XVI century.

 

A Study on the sac tu Pagoda in Cochinchina of the Nguyen Lords (1558-1777)

 

Truong Thuy Trinh, MA

Institute of Han Nom studies, VASS

 

Sac Tu (bestowed by the lords) Buddhist temple\pagoda was functioned as the Quoc Tu (National pagoda) temples\pagodas that have appeared in our country since the 12th century. However, temple\pagoda was built, used by the royal court and established under the Nguyen dynasty. Based on historical sources of material, the purpose of the article is to provide an overview of the formation and development process of the pagoda in Cochinchina during the Nguyen dynasty. At the same time, it creates preliminary assessments on the characteristics and roles of temples\pagodas in the Buddhist development policy of the Nguyen government in Cochinchina in the period from 1558 to 1777.

 

Tay Ninh Region in the Strategy of Maintaining the Border Security of the

Nguyen Lards and Nguyen Dynasty (17th Century - First Half of 19th Century)

 

Nguyen Dinh Co, MA

Central College of Education, Ho Chi Minh City

 

In the article, the author focuses on clarifying the strategic position of Tay Ninh region and the policies of Nguyen lords and kings towards this western border region in maintaining security and peace not only for Tay Ninh, but for Gia Dinh. From two remove districts of Quang Phong and Quang Hoa, unstable times of the Nguyen lords to a government in the western part of Gia Dinh province were so much effort including the blood of the residents living there and also the result of clever and resolute policies of governments in time.

 

Some Issues of Vietnamese Traditional Education from the Late 19th Century

to the Early 20th Century -Seen from Cao Xuan Duc’s Proposals

 

Dr. Do Thi Huong Thao

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

At the middle of 19th century, the Vietnamese Confucian education system had faced the inadequacy of form, content and methodology of learning and examination that required a timely reform. Some educational radicals such as Dang Huy Tru, Nguyen Truong To, Bui Vien and Nguyen Lo Trach had proposed several proposals in order to modernize the country as well as the education. However, this study chooses to approach Cao Xuan Duc’s reforming proposals as they reflect the view of a scholar, a historian -mandarin, an insider.

Entered Vietnamese Imperial examination and awarded the degree of provincial graduate (Cử nhân), Cao Xuan Duc held several important positions in the bureaucratic system of the Nguyen dynasty (with the highest position of Minister of Education Ministry); he suggested a number of changes on learning materials, learning and exam methods. Based on analyzing proposals of Cao Xuan Duc, the target of this study is to answer some research questions: (i) what were existed issues of the traditional education viewed by Confucian scholars; (ii) how different Cao Xuan Duc’s opinion is in comparison with other reformers in the Nguyen dynasty; (iii) what were the problems of the Vietnamese Confucian education in the period of changing from tradition to pre-modern.

   

On the French Penetration in Laos in the Last Two Decades of the Nineteenth Century

and Its Consequences Revisited

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Trung Dung

Institute of History, VASS

 

Nearly 14 years of French penetration (1886-1899) into the lands of Laos created a new land from a dispersed and divided region conquered by Siam to a united Laos in the Indochina Union, under the command of colonial France, a French colony.

When studying on the penetration into Laos, from the beginning, the Vietnamese element was always present in most stages of the penetration process, the starting point, the main support, the main path for French penetration. With the Patenôtre Treaty in 1884, Laos area was under the protection of France, and became the first French support point in the Laotian penetration.

 

Indonesian Roles in the Indian Ocean Rim Association

 

Nguyen Do Ngan Giang

Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam

 

Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) is a regional organization that connects countries located along the maritime outline of the Indian Ocean who aim to promote cooperation in a wide range of fields. IORA Summit first held in Jakarta, Indonesia in March 2017 endorsed strategic documents such as a Concord, an Action Plan, a Declaration, which highlighted the high commitment of IORA member states. Among 22 members of IORA, Indonesia, with its geostrategic position, serves as a bridge between the Pacific and Indian Ocean with the Strait of Malacca. Since its declaration of independence in 1945, Indonesia’s foreign policy has always based on the principle of independence and activeness, maintaining a balance relation with powerful countries and putting its priority in the center role of ASEAN.

However, the current occurrence of uncertain developments in the region has made Indonesia more aware of the Sea. Since 2014, Indonesia explicitly showed its interests in the Oceans by pushing the idea of “Global Maritime Fulcrum”, considering the Pacific and Indian Ocean the strategic platform to maneuver this theory and hoped to be a Maritime Power. Subsequently, IORA has become an important playground for Indonesia to showcase its leadership and attract resources to better its maritime capabilities. Through IORA, Indonesia wanted to highlight its foreign policy emphasis of the Sea. The writer hopes that this paper provides a bird eye view of IORA and the important role of Indonesia as a prominent member who has made great contributions to all connection, cooperation and management efforts of this organization.


 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.