Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 7 năm 2017

05/08/2017
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 7 – 2017 có bài viết của các tác giả: Phạm Xuân Nam; Đặng Đình Quý; Tạ Thị Thúy; Hoàng Thị Yến; Nguyễn Thị Dung Huyền; Phan Huy Lê; Nguyễn Quang Ngọc; Đào Tuấn Thành.

MỤC LỤC

 

Phạm Xuân Nam: Vài trò của nhân dân trong bước đầu tìm đường đổi mới ở Việt Nam

Đặng Đình Quý: Một số vấn đề về công tác đối ngoại của Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam thời kỳ hội nhập quốc tế

Tạ Thị Thúy: Quy chế cấp nhượng và khai thác mỏ do thực dân Pháp ban hành ở Việt Nam từ cuối thế kỷ XIX đến năm 1945 (tiếp theo và hết)

Hoàng Thị Yến: Nông trường Tây Hiếu 1 (Nghệ An) với chính sách “khoán” từ năm 1981 đến năm 2010

Nguyễn Thị Dung Huyền: Quá trình cải tạo Y dược tư doanh miền Bắc (1958 – 1960)

Phan Huy Lê: Công cuộc khôi phục thống nhất quốc gia cuối thế kỷ XVIII đầu thế kỷ XIX

Nguyễn Quang Ngọc: Chủ quyền của Việt Nam ở Hoàng Sa – Trường Sa trong thời kỳ nhà Nguyễn thế kỷ XIX

 

TÓM TẮT

 

People's Roles in the Initial Searching for the Reform in Vietnam

 

Prof. Dr. Pham Xuan Nam

Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences

 

                It is not only the Party which lonely took the initiative, the people who together with the Party and the State explored and experimented in order to open up the first breakthrough of economic thinking in the stage 1976-1980. It based a turning point leading to the birth of a comprehensive reform of the country at the Sixth Congress in 1986.

                To illustrate the above, this article relies on the theory and practice of Vietnam in terms of three typical examples: i> Paying flat rate to households in Doan Xa, Do Son, Hai Phong; ii> Ba Thi Food Company in Ho Chi Minh City; iii> Testing the model of "buying high, selling high" in Long An.

 

 

Some Issues on the Communist Party of Vietnam's External Relations in the International Integration

 

Dr. Dang Dinh Quy

Ministry of Foreign Affairs 

 

                Party’s external relations are the relations between the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) and political parties and organizations in the world. Together with State’s diplomacy and people-to-people external relations, Party’s external relations make up three pillars of Vietnam’s foreign affairs. In the process of Renovation and international integration, Party’s external relations activities have been expanded and deepened, more and more actively contributing to the country’s successes in foreign affairs.

                History of Party’s external relations in the last more than 30 years shows a number of lessons of experience, most important of which are to recognize the inevitability of the trend of international integration, to establish right targets, principles and the guidelines of “proactive” in promoting Party’s external relations activities in close cooperation and coordination with State’s diplomatic and people-to-people activities. In order to make Party’s external relations better serve the national interests in the time to come, it is needed to continue to change to way of thinking in foreign affairs, to bring into full play the political advantage, creating a strong foundation for the country’s relations with all partners, first and for most the neighboring countries, proactively taking part in multilateral activities of political parties in the world, introducing fine values of the path that Viet Nam is advancing forwards to the world. 

 

 

Regulations to Mining Concessions and Exploitation Issued by French Colonialism from the Late 19th Century to 1945

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ta Thi Thuy

Institute of History, VASS

 

After having forced the Nguyen dynasty to sign the Mine Convention on 18 February 1885, France began immediately establishing a set of regulations on concessions and exploitation of mineral resources of Indochina in general and Vietnam in particular.

Given our incomplete statistics, from 1888 to 1945, there were more than 90 documents related to mines issued in Indochina, including 25 ordinances issued by the French President and the Ministry of the Colonies; 37 decrees signed by Governor-General of Indochina and residence heads; 12 circulars, directives to explain and concretize the application of the higher levels' documents. The rest was correspondences, reports on mining regulations. In those documents, the three most important decrees governing all regulations were the Decrees on October 16th 1888, February 25th 1897, and January 26th 1912.

Each text had its own content, but all of the above documents were considered to have constituted a "mining Law" in Indochina, focusing on the most common regulations on mining exploitation concession, specifically on subjects, the shape of the occupied areas and conceded mine area; forms of mining concessions and ownership; official and temporary ownership; rights and obligations...

 

 

Tay Hieu N01 Farm (Nghê An) with the "Flat-Rate Pay" Policy from 1981 to 2010

 

                                                              Hoang Thi Yen

Research Student, Vinh University

 

                The "flat-rate pay" policy led to a major breakthrough for agriculture in Viet Nam in general and Tay Hieu 1 farm in particular. For each stage, the "flat-rate pay" policy in the farm had changes in order to promote self-controlled working spirit and increase labor productivity. In this article, the author seeks to clarify the application of the "flat-rate pay" policy of Tay Hieu 1 farm, from which to draw assessments, comments on "flat-rate pay" form. 

 

 

The Privately-Owned Medicine and Pharmacy Improvement in the North Vietnam (1958-1960)

 

Nguyen Thi Dung Huyen, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

                Health in North Vietnam after the restoration of peace, in addition to state-owned medical organizations remained privately owned medicine and pharmacy. In the process of implementing the socialist transformation, private sector medicine is a part of the health sector that needs to be rehabilitated. The purpose of the redevelopment process is to make this division work towards the right and effective direction and to contribute to people's health. In this article, the author analyzes and explains given logical and historical methods to answer the questions: Why must transform private medicine? What is the method? And its results? After 3 years of implementation, under the slogan "education, help, using at an important function", the process of privately owned medical and pharmaceutical reform resulted in achievement, contributing to the process of building the health system in North Vietnam to nationality, science and mass. 

 

 

The Process of National Unification Restoration in the Late 18th Century and Early 19th Century

 

Prof. Phan Huy Le

Vietnam Association of Historical Sciences

 

                In the 17th-18th centuries, Dai Viet was divided into Cochinchina and Tonkin. From the late eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century, the nation came to unite. A protracted debate that Tay Son-Nguyen Hue or Nguyen Anh who reunified the country. In the article, the author seeks to review the debate and to analyze the historical circumstance in order to prove that Tay Son and Nguyen Hue who had many contributions in laying the foundation for the national unity, but during the Tay Son period (1771-1802), the country has never been united. It must be until the early nineteenth century that the country was truly unified and the man who contributed to this reunification is Nguyen Anh.

 

 

The Vietnam's Right Over Hoang Sa and Truong Sa in the 19th Century Nguyen

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Quang Ngoc

VNU-Institute of Vietnamese Studies and Development Science

 

                The article presents the sovereignty of history of the Nguyen dynasty over Hoang Sa and Truong Sa in the nineteenth century in three phases: i> The initial period was the reign of King Gia Long with the restoration of Hoang Sa, Bac Hai under the direction of strengthening maritime capacity; integrated gradually with the operation of naval team; strongly, assertively and internationally proclaimed the sovereignty and praised by the internatrional community without any contest; ii> The ultimate development was under the reign of King Minh Menh. It was the completion of the integration Hoang Sa, Bac Hai teams into naval team; increasing mapping and sovereignty activities in Hoang Sa, Truong Sa into nationally-mandated special missions; iii> Due to historical circumstance, from Thieu Tri time, ships envoyed by king to Hoang Sa, Truong Sa were also scattlered. Prior to the time when national independence was under the hands of French colonialism, ships went to Hoang Sa and Truong Sa without state name. Nevertheless, none of the Nguyen kings who claimed to renounce their sovereignty over Hoang Sa and Truong Sa.

                The sovereignty of the Nguyen dynasty over Hoang Sa and Truong Sa in the 19th century is not only the miracle of the Vietnamese nation, but also the most important historical and legal base in the settlement of sovereignty disputes according to the UN convention on the Law of the Sea in 1982.

 

 

A Study on History Textbook Compilation of India and Its Implication to Vietnam

 

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dao Tuan Thanh

                                                          Hanoi National University of Education

 

                In the context that the Ministry of Education and Training promotes the fundamental and comprehensive reform of the Vietnamese education, including the renovation of curricula and textbooks at all levels, foreign inheritance of programming and compiling textbooks is essential.

                Given a study of the history Curriculum and Textbooks of Secondary and High Schools in India, especially through the specific study of Classroom X's History Textbook, the author wishes to provide information on the compilation of the above class X's textbook in terms of structure, contents and so on. By doing so, it is to draw practical recommendations in Vietnam.

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.