Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 4 năm 2020

03/05/2020
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 4 năm 2020 có bài viết của các tác giả: Phạm Quang Minh - Phạm Lê Dạ Hương; Vũ Đức Liêm; Đào Phương Chi; Phạm Thị Tuyết; Nguyễn Thị Tuyết Nhung; Phạm Thị Hồng Hà; Trần Thị Vinh.

MỤC LỤC

 

Phạm Quang Minh - Phạm Lê Dạ Hương: Hiệp định Paris 1973 về Việt Nam - Nhìn từ góc độ quốc tế

 

Vũ Đức Liêm: Buôn bán vũ khí và trao đổi quân sự giữa Ayutthaya và Nhật Bản thế kỷ XV-XVII

 

Đào Phương Chi: Tương quan giữa nội dung văn bản tục lệ với mối quan tâm của người dân và nhà nước qua cải lương hương tục thí điểm

 

Phạm Thị Tuyết: Chính sách quản lý của chính quyền thuộc địa Pháp ở đô thị Hải Dương giai đoạn 1884-1923

 

Nguyễn Thị Tuyết Nhung: Sự phát triển mạng lưới giao thông đường bộ ở Lào thời Pháp thuộc (1897-1945)

 

Phạm Thị Hồng Hà: Những nhân tố tác động đến kinh tế Hàn Quốc và Việt Nam Cộng hòa giai đoạn 1955-1965 qua cái nhìn so sánh

 

Trần Thị Vinh: Đại dịch và hệ lụy đối với thế giới: Góc nhìn từ lịch sử

 

TÓM TẮT

 

The Paris Agreement of 1973 on Vietnam Seeing from International Perspective

 

Prof. Dr. Pham Quang Minh

University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU-Hanoi

Dr. Pham Le Da Huong

Academy of Journalism and Communication

                The main objective of the article is to answer the question which main international factor influenced on the Paris Agreement 1973 on Vietnam. To answer it, the author used some new international sources to clarify the complicated international context of the Cold War, whereby big powers played decisive role. Especially, the paper pointed out the challenges coming out from big powers’ diplomacy campaign of the U.S when it shaked hand with both China and the Soviet Union, as well as the tricked they used to overpower Vietnam. The article comes to conclude that the Paris Agreement 1973 did not bring all everything, each of them gained something, but all were satisfactory; it also witnessed the beginning of collapse of the Bipolarity system by the fact that the US recognized the importance of China. The lessons that Vietnam could withdraw from the Paris Agreement 1973 are to be conscious, pro-active and flexible.

Weapon and Military Exchange between Ayutthaya and Japan between the 15th and 17th Centuries

 

Vu Duc Liem, MA

Hanoi National University of Education

Conventional historiography favors the idea that the adoption of the Chinese and Western military technology played a crucial role in changing the Southeast Asian way of conducting wars in the pre-modern period. The situation now changes significantly thanks to new researches coming from experts who focus on trade and military technology’s interaction in Southeast Asia both internally and externally. By these means, we all know that since the 15th century onward, Southeast Asia was presented as one of the world’s leading military revolution centers where new weapon building technology and the use of gun powder were becoming widespread for years before the coming of Europeans. 

The article will concentrate on trading relations of gunpowder and weapon exchange between Ayutthaya and Japan in the stage, so-called “Southeast Asian Age of Commerce” and its importance in the process of introducing military revolution to the kingdom of Siam. Those relations coming into by the Ryukyu’s and Japanese merchants in the “Age of Red Seal Ship” or “Shuinsen”, had made the tremendous contribution to strengthen the Siamese Army and led the Ayutthaya kingdom to one of the most significant powers in Mainland Southeast Asia. 

 

Interrelation between Custom Documents and Interests of the People and the State through Village Custom Pilot Reforms

 

Dr. Dao Phuong Chi

Institute of Han Nom Studies, VASS

The custom (or village custom) is often considered a document recording the regulations for people in the village to follow, in which, the content is very rich, reflecting the diverse activities of the villages in many faces. This article explores the documents of customs in Tonkin in a short period: pilot reform of village custom with three reference views: people, officials and state. The research results show that the contents focused on customs do not always attach to the concerns\interests of the people, the safety of the officials and the regulations of the state.

 

Management Policy of the French Colonial Government in Hai Duong Urban Centre in the Period 1884-1923

Dr. Pham Thi Tuyet

Faculty of History

Hanoi National University of Education

After having completed the invasion throughout Vietnam, the French colonialism gradually established their colonial rule. Cities as the political, administrative, economic and cultural centers were the first places to be intervened and most strongly influenced by the French colonial policy.

The article deals with the management policy of the French colonial government in Hai Duong city in the period 1884-1923 in some fields: administrative management, budget management, housing management and construction activities, roads, transport and public facilities, environmental sanitation management, security management and urban order.

 

The Development of Road Traffic Network in Laos in the Period of French Domination (1897-1945)

 

Dr. Nguyen Thi Thuyet Nhung

Faculty of History

Hanoi Pedagogical University No2, Vinh Phuc

                Among the nations in the “Indochinese Union”, the French colonial government considered Laos as a colony for reservation, not for instant exploitation. That influenced the development of road traffic network in Laos in the period of the French domination. Only with the sparing investments, the road traffic network in Laos slowly developed in comparison with others in the Indochinese Union. Nevertheless, after the end of the World War I (1914-1918), Laos was further invested. Prior to the 30th decade of 20th century, the road traffic in Laos led to the sea connecting seaports of Tonkin, Annam and Cochinchina. The expansion of road traffic network made conditions to the initial changes in the economic development of Laos in the period of the French domination.

 

Factors Affecting the Economy of the Republic of Vietnam and the Republic of Korea in the Years 1955-1965 through a Comparative Perspective

 

Dr. Pham Thi Hong Ha

Institute of History, VASS

The article examines the economic development process of the US’s allies in Asia, focusing on the cases of the Republic of Vietnam and the Republic of Korea, the two countries that received substantial aid from the US since the end of World War II. In the period of 1955-1965, the Republic of Vietnam and the Republic of Korea had many political, economic and social similarities. The two countries had just come out of war, had a low level of economic development, had received U.S aid and had experienced a "peaceful" period of 10 years for economic development. Even so, the economic achievements of the Republic of Vietnam and those of the Republic of Korea were different. This article explains the causes of the differences, focusing particularly on U.S aid policies, the impact of the Vietnam war, and the role of the leaders of the Republic of Vietnam and the Republic of Korea.

 

Pandemic and Impacts on the World: A View from History

 

                                                                               Prof. Dr. Tran Thi Vinh

                                                              Hanoi National University of Education

Human history has recorded pandemics with profound impacts on all areas of socio-economic life and a changing world. The Covid-19 pandemic and its consequences have turned up all aspects of life, causing national governments to change policy priorities, forcing multilateral institutions to change priorities in the  agenda. It also forces people to change their mind and lifestyle. From a historical perspective, this article seeks to analyze impacts of pandemic on the world in the following issues: (i) Pandemics in world history; (ii) Covid-19 pandemic: viewed from a historical perspective; (iii) Impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on the world.


 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.