Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 9 năm 2017

02/11/2017
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 7 – 2017 có bài viết của các tác giả: Nguyễn Hữu Tâm, Nguyễn Văn Khánh, Hồ Châu, Huỳnh Ngọc Đáng, Bùi Thị Hà, Trần Thị Phương Hoa, Lê Tùng Lâm, Nguyễn Trà My

MỤC LỤC:

 

Nguyễn Hữu Tâm: Thư tịch Trung Quốc viết về Nguyễn An - Vị tổng công trình sư thiết kế, chỉ huy xây dựng, trùng tu kinh thành Bắc Kinh ở thế kỷ XV

 

Nguyễn Văn Khánh: Phan Chu Trinh trong lích ử dân tộc Việt Nam

 

Hồ Châu: Thuế thươgn nghiệp ở Đàng Trong thời chúa Nguyễn

 

Huỳnh Ngọc Đáng: Đối phó với cướp biển người Hoa của các vua đầu triều Nguyễn

 

Bùi Thị Hà: Sự hình thành các cơ sở quân y của Pháp ở Việt Nam cuối thế kỷ XIX

 

Trần Thị Phương Hoa: Sự hình thành và phát triển của Trường thực hành Công nghiệp Huế (1899-1945)

 

Lê Tùng Lâm: Đại tướng Nguyễn Chí Thanh qua tư liệu của Mỹ

 

Nguyễn Trà My: Biển Đông dưới cái nhìn của Chu Đạt Quan thế kỷ XIII

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Chinese Historical Records on Nguyen An - Talented General Manager in Designing, Building and Restoring the Beijing Imperial City in the 15th Century

 

Dr. Nguyen Huu Tam

Institute of History, VASS

 

Vietnam's bibliography does not virtually mention on Nguyen An, the most outstanding and talented Vietnamese engineer of the fifteenth century. The only scholar Le Quy Don (1726-1784) wrote Nguyen An in his work Kien Van Tieu Luc which had been quoted from Hoang Minh Thong Ky.

The article through some records of the Chinese bibliography, especially from the Ming (1368-1644)'s officially historical annals such as Ming shi, Ming shi lu, Minh shu and the objective comments of the Qing historians (1645-1911) and the contemporary Chinese scholars seeks to reconsider the well-known manager. Nguyen An who is a virtuous and upright figure, designed, built and restored great and magnificent monuments in the Forbidden City of the Beijing Imperial City and famous irrigation works from Beijing to the Jiangnan region in the 15th century in China.

 

 

Phan Chu Trinh in the National History

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Khanh

Faculty of History, VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities

 

In the light of the Reform of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in the context of international integration of the country taken place increasingly and extensively since 1986, many issues, historical figures, including Phan Chau Trinh, should be studied and viewed in a  more comprehensive and objective manner.

Based on new materials, especially newly collected documents in France and the results of some seminars and scientific conferences in recent years, the article seeks to present a systematic perspective on the Phan Chau Trinh's contributions and role in the cause for national salvation and liberation in Vietnam in the early twentieth century.

 

 

Trade Tax in Cochinchina under the Nguyen Lords

 

Ho Chau, MA

Association of Historical Science, Thua Thien Hue

 

From the end of the 16th century to the middle of the 18th century, Cochinchina's trade had a development path marked a turning point as compared to the previous period. The trade development, especially foreign trade, created the Nguyen government a huge budget from tax collection. This helped the Nguyen lord having real resources to spend on the organization and the operation of the state government, as well as the military and arms procurement.

From the middle of the 18th century, the Nguyen lords in Cochinchina implemented a heavy tax policy for trade sector, including internal trade and foreign trade, which left behind a number of consequences for the Cochinchinese economy.

 

 

Coping with Chinese Pirates of the Nguyen Dynasty

 

Dr. Huynh Ngoc Dang

Association of Historical Science, Binh Duong Province

 

During Gia Long and Minh Mang reigns, the Nguyen army played an active role, in result pirates were basically eliminated. Under the reign of King Thieu Tri and especially King Tu Duc's reign, pirates swept across boards, looting everywhere, both on the sea and on the continent. The situation was bad causing King Tu Duc to join the French navy in wiping out pirates. This is a historical reality of the Nguyen dynasty which should be reconsidered and thoroughly consulted in protecting the sovereignty over seas and islands in present-day Vietnam.

 

 

The Establishment of the French Military Medical Facilities in Vietnam in the Late Nineteenth Century

 

                                                                        Bui Thi Ha, MA, PhD student

Institute of History, VASS

 

From the late 19th Century to the early 20th Century, along with the military conquest and pacification, French brought into Vietnam Western medicine then established a modern medical network. Although at first, this medical network was mainly served for the French, it improved the health of the local people, especially in terms of obstetrics, hygiene and epidemiology. Moreover, the new medical network created an opportunity to approach modern techniques into the healthcare system in Vietnam. It also changed Vietnamese awareness about healthcare, prevention and cure. Beside traditional medicine and new medical method, it was a collaborative integration of Western medicine and Oriental\Vietnamese medicine.

 

The Establishment and the Development of the Hue Practical School of Industry, 1899-1945

 

Dr. Tran Thi Phuong Hoa

Institute of History, VASS

 

The article addresses the establishment and the development of the Hue Practical School of Industry (l'École Pratique d'Industrie de Hué). This is the only vocational school of the Central, established by King Thanh Thai in 1899, and then gradually governed by the French colonial administration. The transition from traditional to modern industries, as well as the transformation from the administration of the court to the French administration was clarified in two stages of development: the first period from 1899 to 1925 and from 1925 to 1945. A number of factors relating to the school such as the structure of industries, number of students, teachers and budget are taken into consideration.

 

 

General Nguyen Chi Thanh through U.S Documents

 

Dr. Le Tung Lam

Faculty of Social Sciences Education Saigon University

 

In 1965, the U.S implemented the "Local War" strategy in Vietnam. However, American forces, American and Sai Gon allies suffered heavy defeats. Contributing to that victory, General Nguyen Chi Thanh played an important role. American literature thus has given us perspectives of considering and evaluating the General. Although some points are not accurate it has proved the great role of the General for the resistance war against American imperialism of the Southern people. Half a century has passed since the decease of General Nguyen Chi Thanh, a number of the U.S confidential documents have been published it contributed to better the great role of the General.

 

 

The East Sea in the Chou Ta-Kuan’s View in the 13th Century

 

 

Nguyen Tra My, MA

Ho Chi Minh City University of Education

 

This article seeks to introduce a Chinese mandarin who was sent to Chenla in the thirteenth century under the Yuan dynasty. The envoy was recorded carefully and preserved in China’s historical books. Studying on his journey helps to better places and names in the past and the customs of ancient Cambodia and to find out detailed elements which closely relate to the our country's sovereignty over seas and islands

 

Tạp chí NCLS

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.