Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 5 năm 2020

01/06/2020
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 5 năm 2020 có bài viết của các tác giả: Phạm Hồng Tung; Trần Thuận; Nguyễn Văn Tuân; Bế Thị Thắm; Lư Vĩ An; Nguyễn Thái Yên Hương; Bùi Xuân Đính.

MỤC LỤC

 

Phạm Hồng Tung: Vấn đề tên gọi, tổ chức và hoạt động của Đoàn Thanh niên Cộng sản Hồ Chí Minh trong thời kỳ 1936 - 1939

 

Trần Thuận: Năm 905: Kết thúc thời kỳ “Ngàn năm Bắc thuộc”

 

Nguyễn Văn Tuân: Xây dựng lực lượng Công an nhân dân từ năm 1951 đến năm 1954

 

Bế Thị Thắm: Chính sách báo chí của Việt Nam Cộng hòa từ tháng 11 - 1963 đến tháng 4 - 1975

 

Lư Vĩ An: Nghiên cứu về tình hình thiên tai, khí hậu và tác động của điều kiện tự nhiên trong lịch sử đăng trên Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử

 

Nguyễn Thái Yên Hương: Bầu cử Tổng thống Mỹ năm 2020: Tiếp cận theo góc độ Văn hóa chính trị

 

Bùi Xuân Đính: Làng Gia Quất - Góc nhìn lịch sử văn hóa

 

TÓM TẮT

 

 About the Name, Organization and Activities of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union during the Period 1936-39

 

Prof. Dr. Pham Hong Tung

Institute of Vietnamese Studies and Development Science

Vietnam National University, Hanoi

                The Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union was founded in 1931 as one of the most important mass organizations of the Indochinese Communist Party. During its long history tthe Youth Union has changed its names for several times. In the period 1936-39, according to all studies and official propaganda materials, it was renamed as the Indochinese Youth Union. Based on materials from different sources, mainly from the documents issued by the ICP in that period, the author of this paper re-examines the history of the Youth Union and points out that the above mentioned “official name” of Union is not supported by any valuable evident.

                In contrast, the ICP had to changed its guiding policy towards the Union many times and gave its other names and other principles of organizing and mobilizing of the youth. He argues, that all of these problems were resulted by the internal conflicts of the ICP leadership, due to different ways to understand and apply the Comintern’s strategy in the context of Vietnamese revolution.

 

The Year 905 Ended "Thousand Years of North Domination"

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tran Thuan

Faculty of History

University of Social Sciences and Humanities

Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City

              For a long time, Vietnamese people often understand that the event of defeating Nan Han army by Ngo Quyen in Bach Dang river in 938 end of the period "thousand years of North domination". However, there are many people who know about the event of 905 with the start of the battle to occupy Dai La citadel led by Khuc Thua Du and the task of building the autonomy and the independence of the three Khuc Chua generations. When did the country get rid of a "thousand years of North/Chinese domination"? How was the struggle for national liberation of the forefathers in the late 9th century and the beginning of the 10th century?... The purpose of the article is to further discuss on the struggle for national liberation in our country in the late 9th century and early 10th century.

 

Building of People's Police Force from 1951 to 1954                       

Dr. Nguyen Van Tuan

Institute of Organizational and Personnel Science

Organization Department of the Central Committee

                Established in the process of the August Revolution 1945, the People's Public Security Forces (PPSF), along with the revolutionary force and the people crushed colonial and feudal government and built the revolutionary government of the people. Based on the experiences of building the PPSF in the early years after the August Revolution and the resistance war against the French colonialism, the construction of the PPSF in the years 1951-1954 achieved in remarkable results.

 

Press Policy of the Republic of Vietnam from November 1963 to April 1975

 

Be Thi Tham, MA

University of Social Sciences and Humanities

Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City

 

                For more than 20 years dominating the South of Vietnam, the United States government and the Republic of Vietnam governments always considered the press to be an important tool for politics. In order to fully exploit this tool, the Republic of Vietnam has issued many documents and regulations on press management. The study of the press policies of the Republic of Vietnam in the period 1963-1975 is an important part of Saigon press studies before 1975. The purpose of this article is to expose findings about conditions, operating environment, and characteristics of the contemporary press, contributing to the creation of a realistic picture of Saigon before 1975.

 

Research on Natural Diseases, Climate and Impacts of Natural Conditions in History in the Journal of Historical Studies

 

Lu Vi An

Istanbul University, Turkey

 

                Since its establishment in June 1954, until now during a period more than half a century of development, the Journal of Historical Studies has become a prominent academic forum on historical studies in Vietnam. A lot of essays and research articles on different aspects of history have been published in this journal, including on issues of natural diseases, climate and impacts of natural conditions on societies in history. Although the number of research articles in these issues is quite limited (only around 0,61%), they are worth paying attention to study. Based on the statistical data analysis on the number of articles, research topics and the authors, the article seeks to overview the basic contents of research articles on natural diseases, climate and the impacts of natural conditions in history, which were published in the Journal of Historical Studies.

 

 

The 2020 Presidential Election:  A Political Culture Approach

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Thai Yen Huong

Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam

 

                Base on the American Constitution, in November 2020, Washington DC will have the General election to elect the 46th President of the country. With the uncertainty happening now in the world and also in America, there has been a concern whether the country will be able to change the process and be “back to normal life” if President Donald Trump not being elected again. When making the decision to choose the leader of the country, what kind of factors will be considered by Americans? So far, the whole world has been heavily impacted by the pandemic SARS-Covi 2 or Covid-19 then no one would like to predict the result of the coming election of America this year. However, it is not easy to have a right answer because the political culture of American itself already creating the complexity. That’s why it is necessary to understand the characters of that society.

          With the wish to provide information to the readers, the author of the article would like to contribute some of the proper background. Firstly, she analyzed the election process in America and found out the principles that the President and all congressmen of America had to be elected. The electoral college plays an significant role as the candidate could be elected as American President only if he/she could win 270 out of 538 the electoral college. Secondly, the possibility for President Donald Trump to be reelected would base on the following factors such as: 1) the comparison between the two candidates - means President Trump and former Vice President Bidden, 2) The American economic situation before the elections, 3) The unexpected development in October. Based on the American political culture approach it is a set principle that an American who would be eligible for Presidential candidate should meet the criteria mentioned in the Constitution and the assessment of the American towards that candidate.

          The author analyzed the strong and weak points of both candidates for 2020 election who are President Donald Trump and former Vice President Joe Bidden. In addition, she also mentioned the possibility for economic recovery of the country. According to the author, the foundation of American economy is strongly based on potential geographic context, human resource and government’s policy then for it is not so difficult to have it being recovered within short period. The unexpected development in October also a factor could create change to the overwhelm prediction which relied on the opinion poll with the victory of the candidate Joe Bidden.

 

 

Gia Quat Village - As Seen from Cultural History

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bui Xuan Dinh

Institute of Ethnology, VASS

 

       Gia Quat Village is the first point on the main road of North Road (Mandarin Road) to Lang Son into China. Therefore, Gia Quat was soon established by the Dai Viet feudal state from the Early Le dynasty in order to set up a station to serve circulation and transportation. This is also the place to see Chinese envoys off back to the country. It was the first stop of the Vietnamese delegation on the way to China. The Gia Quat village plays a position in the cultural exchange, especially in Vietnamese and Chinese cultural contact, that is the village tutelary gods originally from China, a part of Chinese people who have been "Vietnamized", married to Vietnamese people contributing to the village's worshiping facilities.

 

 


 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.