Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 8 năm 2020

09/09/2020
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 9 -2020 có bài viết của các tác giả: Nguyễn Văn Kim, Ngô Vũ Hải Hằng, Nguyễn Đình Cơ, Trần Xuân Trí, Trần Thị Phượng, Nguyễn Duy Bính - Nguyễn Văn Biểu, Vũ Thị Thu Giang - Lê Trung Dũng, Nguyễn Hữu Tâm

MỤC LỤC

 

Nguyễn Văn Kim: Giao lưu, buôn bán ở Tây Nguyên: Lịch sử và các mối quan hệ vùng, liên vùng

 

Ngô Vũ Hải Hằng: Văn hóa giáo dục nho học góp phần xây dựng nếp sống xã hội thời Lê Sơ (1428-1527)

 

Nguyễn Đình Cơ: Tổng Bình An, Thủ Dầu Một (Bình Dương) từ thế kỷ XVII đến cuối thế kỷ XIX

 

Trần Xuân Trí: Thuế thân và lao dịch ở Trung Kỳ cuối thế kỷ XIX đầu thế kỷ XX: Nghiên cứu trường hợp và so sánh

 

Trần Thị Phượng: Tình hình xuất khẩu nông sản của tỉnh Sơn La trong 30 năm đầu thế kỷ XX

 

Nguyễn Duy Bính - Nguyễn Văn Biểu: 90 năm nhìn lại cuộc Khởi nghĩa Yên Bái

 

Vũ Thị Thu Giang - Lê Trung Dũng: Cạnh tranh Xiêm - Việt trên vùng đất Lào nửa đầu thế kỷ XIX

 

Nguyễn Hữu Tâm: Thân thế, sự nghiệp của Chu Văn An qua ghi chép của chính sử và tư sử

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Exchanges and Trade in Tay Nguyen (the Central Highlands): History and Regional and Interregional Relations

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Kim

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

Tay Nguyen (the Central Highlands) is a strategic area, a potential economic and cultural center of the country. Placing in the transitional position between peninsula Southeast Asian countries and islands Southeast Asia, Tay Nguyen has a various relations with regional regions and sub-regions in terms of geo-economy, geo-culture. Tay Nguyen's ethnic groups established a large field of activities, including types, modes of exchange and trading activities with Champa, Cochinchinese government and neighboring markets and countries.

 

Contributions of Confucian Education to Social Way of Life in Le So Period (1428 - 1527)

 

Dr. Ngo Vu Hai Hang

Institute of History, VASS

 

In the Le So (Early Le) period, right after defeating the foreign invaders, recognizing Confucian role and position in the selection of talents to restore the country, the Early Le kings quickly made and implemented policies aimed at widely reforming and developing education and examination among the mass. It is the development of Confucian education, which significantly contributed to the building of new cultural way of life in this period of society. Therefore, a number of new ways were formed in the 15th century society and became a traditional way of life in the following centuries, even with a lifestyle that remains existent at present.

 

An Binh Canton, Thu Dau Mot (Binh Duong) from 17th Century to the Late 19th Century

 

Nguyen Dinh Co, MA

Ho Chi Minh University of Technology

 

Binh Duong used to be Binh An district, one of the first settlements of Vietnamese people on their way to the South. Through the historical process, this land has been increasingly exploited, expanded, established villages and gradually shaped on the map of Cochinchinese provinces in particular, as well as Dai Nam in general. This article initially outlines some of the process of the Vietnamese, then the overseas Chinese and other resident communities to settle down, reclaim land, cultivate, develop handicrafts and trades from the time of the Nguyen Dynasty (17th century) to the French colonialists invades Cochinchina (1859). During the colonial period (at the end of the 19th century), the French colonialists made important adjustments in administrative boundaries and names to make a change for the land of Binh An - Thu Dau Mot (now Binh Duong province).

 

Poll Tax and Labor Burden in Annam in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries: A Case Study and Comparison

 

Dr. Tran Xuan Tri

Faculty of History

Hanoi National University of Education

 

Poll-tax and labor-burden were popular financial systems in the early modern period and a noticeable character of French colonial system, including Vietnam. This order was established before the French conquered Vietnam. After building a colonial government in Vietnam, the French not only maintained this system, but also changed and modified it to apply in Annam as a special case study to force native labors in order to provide an important part of finance for the colonization.

 

From the late nineteenth century to the third decade of the twentieth century in Annam, the colonial government applied several modifications in poll tax and labor burden. Those changes focused on some main contents such as: limiting and then destroying the Nguyen’s power; close controlling the governments in villages and using them as useful tools for collecting tax and forcing labors; expanding the subjects of taxpayers, limiting the subjects who paid no duty and increasing the value of tax; transferring from tax by goods to tax by money; requiring a card of head-money for each citizen and modifying the taxpayers to control and manage labor for colonization.

 

Therefore, maintaining and modifying head-money and labor burden created a large income for the colonial government. It also made heavy expenses for Annam’s people, especial poor farmers. The increase of those taxes was one of reasons led to the revolution of people in Annam to fight against the French control.

 

Agriculture Product Export of Lang Son Province in the First 1930s

 

Tran Thi Phuong, MA

Faculty of Social Sciences

Tay Bac University

 

Son La's agricultural economy under the French colonial period remains so far unstudied. Although during this period there were records of various economic activities through the Economic Reports, Annual General Situation Reports, the exploitation of archived documents is still limited. Based on archives newly found at the National Archives Center I, the article seeks to focus on clarifying agricultural products including cultivation and breeding of Son La province (from the beginning 20th century to the end of world economic crisis, 1929 - 1933).

 

90 Years in Retrospect of Yen Bai Insurrection

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Duy Binh

Hanoi National University of Education

Nguyen Van Bieu, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

The Yen Bai Insurrection was an insurrection organized and implemented by the Vietnam Nationalist Party. Due to the inconsistent line and organization, and permissive admissions of party members in order for the French spy to enter the party ranks, in early 1930, the Party's foundation was broken in many places, a number of cadres and party members were arrested. On the night of 9 February 1930, the insurrection broke out in many places, especially Yen Bai. After a period of operation, Nguyen Thai Hoc, Pho Duc Chinh and other leaders were arrested and executed.

 

Siamese and Vietnamese Competition in Laos in the First Half of 19th Century

 

Dr. Vu Thi Thu Giang

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Trung Dung

Institute of History, VASS

 

On the way of asserting themselves as major countries in the region, Vietnam and Siam were caught up in the competition for their influence on the Indochinese peninsula in general and in Laos in particular. The competition for that on the Indochinese peninsula began in the 17th century in Cambodia and became a direct confrontation between the two countries in Cambodia and Laos in the first half of 19th century. The result of the Siamese and Vietnamese confrontation over Laos was that the Lao territory was shrinking to a minimum and the geopolitical map of the Indochinese peninsula in the first half of the 19th century had fundamentally changed.

 

Life and Achievements of Chu Van An Though Official and Private Historical Records

 

Dr. Nguyen Huu Tam

Institute of History, VASS

     

Chu Van An is an upright, straight, self-contained and honest personality. He bravely offered "Seven Beheaded Petition" to eliminate the flattery that illegally made the country, causing the court to lose trust with the people. When he was not answered by the current king to his enthusiastic petition, he immediately returned from his mandate to stay in Chi Linh, without any questioning about his interests. Chu Van An devoted his life to the work of cultivating people and training many talents for the country. The article also mentions the remaining doubts such as the year of the birth and the official name and his participation on an exam of the Tran dynasty and so on.


 

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.