Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 9 năm 2020

03/10/2020
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 9 có bài viết của các tác giả: Đinh Quang Hải, Lưu Văn Quyết - Phan Thị Anh Thư, Hồ Châu - Nguyễn Thị Hà, Trần Xuân Trí, Dương Văn Huy, Hoàng Thị Hà, Lê Cung - Trần Thanh Thủy

MỤC LỤC

 

Đinh Quang Hải: Tìm hiểu kinh tế nông nghiệp, nông thôn đồng bằng sông Cửu Long giai đoạn 1996-2006

 

Lưu Văn Quyết - Phan Thị Anh Thư: Vị trí chiến lược của Côn Đảo trong cuộc cạnh tranh ảnh hưởng giữa các nước phương Tây (XVII-XIX)

 

Hồ Châu - Nguyễn Thị Hà: Vua Gia Long với Viện Thái y triều Nguyễn

 

Trần Xuân Trí: Thuế thân và lao dịch ở Trung Kỳ cuối thế kỷ XIX đầu thế kỷ XX: Nghiên cứu trường hợp và so sánh (Tiếp theo và hết)

 

Dương Văn Huy: Góc nhìn lịch sử đối với tâm lý “bài Hoa” ở Indonesia

 

Hoàng Thị Hà: Chính sách hướng Nam mới của Hàn Quốc và cơ hội cho Việt Nam

 

Lê Cung - Trần Thanh Thủy: Trận Linh An ngày 20-9-1964 - Trận chiến đầu tiên ở Đồng bằng Trị Thiên trong cuộc kháng chiến chống Mỹ, cứu nước

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Studying agriculture and rural areas in the MeKong delta (1996-2006)

 

Assoc. Prof. Dinh Quang Hai

Institute of History, Vass

 

From 1986 until now, Vietnam has experienced 35 years of the Doimoi policies and acquired a number of crucial achievements. The rural part of the Mekong delta, inspire of being among the country’s key economic regions, is facing difficulties and challenges, comprising impacts of climate change, rising sea-level, saltwater intrusion, insufficiency of freshwater, river-bank erosion, and the decline of seasonal flooding… These were and are urgent issues that need addressing. In this paper, the author likes to elaborate on both governmental and Mekong delta provincial policies on agricultural and rural developments, demonstrate agricultural and rural transformation, the changing human livelihood as well as the fundamental evolution of the rural landscape in the delta region between 1996 and 2006.

 

The strategic position of Con Dao in the competition for infuences among western countries (17th - 19th centuries)

 

Dr. Luu Van Quyet - Dr. Phan Thi Anh Thu

University of Social Sciences and Humanities,

Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City

 

Thanks to the archipelago characteristics that consist of many islands in the East Sea, Con Dao has an essential political, military, and economic position for both Vietnamese and international countries in the past and present. Due to the richness and diversity of natural resources, and important location on the international trade routes, Con Dao was not only a favorable place to build trading entrepôt and transshipment warehouses linking the East with the West but also helped to connect and shorten inner-Asia exchanging journeys. In the strategic vision of Western countries (from XVII century), Con Dao is a vital point in trade activities, contributing to the control and domination of the maritime route from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean as well as to ensure the exclusive right to exploit and accumulate capital in the region. Thus, in the XVIIth and XIXth centuries, both Britain and France competed for gaining economic and political advantages in the strategy of expanding influential spheres outside Europe. Through investigating their competition to monopolize Con Dao, this article aims to clarify the unique geo-economic and geopolitical positions of the archipelago, and demonstrate the connection between the role and place of Con Dao in contemporary Vietnam’s development strategy.

 

Gia Long emperor and The Nguyen imperial medical academy

 

Ho Chau, MA , Nguyen Thi Ha, MA

Nguyen Chi Thanh Political School, Thua Thien Hue Province

 

The Imperial Medical Academy - the central state medical institution, appeared at the early stage of Vietnamese history (the Tran dynasty). Under the Nguyen, Gia Long emperor - the founder, pursued the policy of establishing the imperial medical academy at the capital with the priority of taking care of the royal family. The medical activities under the Gia Long reign had gained several achievements, particularly the emergence of some talent royal physicians. Although the system was constrained with limits, its establishment, staff-setting up, office-construction, and physician-recruitment demonstrated Gia Long’s attention to the medical facility of the state and recognizing its roles in human lives. These were the foundation for the preservation and development of the national medical tradition in the coming periods.

 

Poll Tax and Labor Burden in Annam in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries: A Case Study and Comparison

 

Dr. Tran Xuan Tri

Faculty of History

Hanoi National University of Education

 

Poll-tax and labor-burden were popular financial systems in the early modern period and a noticeable character of French colonial system, including Vietnam. This order was established before the French conquered Vietnam. After building a colonial government in Vietnam, the French not only maintained this system, but also changed and modified it to apply in Annam as a special case study to force native labors in order to provide an important part of finance for the colonization.

 

From the late nineteenth century to the third decade of the twentieth century in Annam, the colonial government applied several modifications in poll tax and labor burden. Those changes focused on some main contents such as: limiting and then destroying the Nguyen’s power; close controlling the governments in villages and using them as useful tools for collecting tax and forcing labors; expanding the subjects of taxpayers, limiting the subjects who paid no duty and increasing the value of tax; transferring from tax by goods to tax by money; requiring a card of head-money for each citizen and modifying the taxpayers to control and manage labor for colonization.

 

Therefore, maintaining and modifying head-money and labor burden created a large income for the colonial government. It also made heavy expenses for Annam’s people, especial poor farmers. The increase of those taxes was one of reasons led to the revolution of people in Annam to fight against the French control.

 

A historical perspective on the “Anti-Chinese” sentiment in Indonesia

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Duong Van Huy

Institute for Southeast Asian Studies, Vass

 

The article analyzes the issues of “anti-Chinese” in Indonesia from its independence to now. To clarify the case, the article examines factors affecting the “anti-Chinese” sentiment in the country, and the historical movement of the “anti-Chinese” sentiment. Accordingly, the article analyzes the causes of the “anti-Chinese” sentiment and its development in the 1960s - a difficult period of the Indonesia-China relations. In addition, the article examines the development of the “anti-Chinese” feeling in Indonesia in the late 1990s, especially events in 1998. Finally, the paper investigates the increasing “anti-Chinese” sentiment in the present period, especially in the context of China’s growing presence in the nation of thousands of islands.

 

South Korea’s new looking South policy and opportunities for Viet Nam

 

Hoang Thi Ha, MA

Institute of History, Vass

 

New regional and world’s fundamental changes, such as the Sino-American trade-war, the establishment of Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) in South Korea, or challenges in Korean commercial exchanges with the world powers like the US, China, Japan… have profoundly impacted on the Korean foreign policy that is actively searching for cooperation with countries in the southern region, and economic opportunities in Southeast Asia. From the diplomatic establishment in 1989, Korea has expended exchanges with ASEAN on a wide range of issues. In November 2017, South Korean President Moon Jae-In announced the new Looking South Policy to intensify the relations with ASEAN. The policy aims to build a region of peace, stability, and mutual development. This paper explores the characters and contents of the Korean new Looking South Policy. It analyzes the policy implication for Vietnam and the prospect of the Vietnamese-South Korean relation in the future.

 

The battle of Linh An (20-9-1964) - The first battle in Tri Thien plain in the war against America

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Cung,

Hue University of Pedagogy

Tran Thanh Thuy,

Hue University of Pedagogy

 

As far as this subject concerned, most of the battles won by the revolutionary forces in the anti - America Resistance (1954 - 1975) have been carefully examined. Nevertheless, few combats that seemed not to be military victories of the revolutionary forces have been recognized to open an area, such as the battle of Linh An (20-9-1964). Based on new historical documents, this article helps to understand the fight of Linh An, a battle that did not bring military victory but had a significant political significance, especially when it took place in the middle of the Uprising movement in the rural region of central Vietnam in the second half of 1964 and early 1965.


 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.