Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 12 năm 2017

08/01/2018
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 12-2017 có bài viết của các tác giả: Nguyễn Văn Kim; Lý Tùng Hiếu; Nguyễn Nhật Linh; Vũ Thị Xuyến; Chương Thâu; Đinh Quang Hải; R.B.SMITH.

MỤC LỤC

 

Nguyễn Văn Kim: Đinh Tiên Hoàng và quan hệ đối ngoại thời Đinh

 

Lý Tùng Hiếu: Nghiên cứu lịch sử địa lý về các “dinh” ở Việt Nam từ thế kỷ XVI đến thế kỷ XX – Tiếp cận liên ngành

 

Nguyễn Nhật Linh: Quan hệ ngoại giao của Triều Tiên và Đại Việt với Nhà Minh đầu thế kỷ XV – Góc nhìn so sánh

 

Vũ Thị Xuyến: Vùng núi phía Tây Trung Kỳ và Tây Nguyên dưới thời chúa Nguyễn ở Đàng Trong (thế kỷ XVI-XVIII)

 

Chương Thâu: Khái quát tình hình nghiên cứu về Phan Bội Châu ở nước ngoài từ trước tới nay

 

Đinh Quang Hải: Cuộc tổng tiến công và nổi dậy Tết Mậu Thân 1968 trong tiến trình lịch sử Việt Nam hiện đại

 

R.B. Smith: “Dẫn luận về tư liệu Hán Nôm thời Nguyễn”.

 

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Dinh Tien Hoang and the External Relations of the Dinh Dynasty

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Kim

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities

 

In the process of development of the Vietnamese nation, the 10th century was considered a turning point in which the most important change was that our nation regained its independence after more than a thousand years under the Chinese domination. The Dinh Tien Hoang's throne coincided with the context of Dai-Co-Viet society under serious challenges in domestic and foreign affairs.

By using and analyzing Vietnamese and international sources, the article attempts to clarify the political and ideological challenges of Dinh Tien Hoang and Dinh dynasty in relations to regional forces. In fact, Dinh Tien Hoang focused on consolidating national power, paying great attention to the power considering as the root to force the North power and Southern neighboring forces to accept two fundamental issues of principle: respecting autonomy and recognizing the real independence of Dai Co Viet. It can be said that the Dinh dynasty's reaction created the first principles, experiences and examples for a political and diplomatic response of many dynasties later on.

 

A Geographical History Study on the “Dinh” in Vietnam from 16th Century to 20th Century - An Interdisciplinary Approach

 

 

Dr. Ly Tung Hieu

University of Social Sciences and Humanities

Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City

 

The article seeks to apply an interdisciplinary approach and exploit data resources, land registers, history, dictionaries, to provide insightfully picture of the formation and transformation of military “dinh”, administrative “dinh”, and the changing history of the “dinh” into the marketplaces, towns, mansions, shrines and geographic names in the territory of Vietnam. From the sixteenth century, when the Sino-Vietnamese sound of the word “doanh” 營 began change to “dinh”, “dinh” was used to refer to military units of the Le Trung Hung dynasty (1533-1788).

In Tonkin, “dinh” was military units, barracks, and marketplaces. In Cochinchina, “Dinh” included both military units, barracks, administrative units, and marketplaces. Because, “Dinh” contributed to make the marketplaces. When Vietnam was unified in the early nineteenth century, military “dinh” and administrative “dinh” were no longer, “dinh” developed into the marketplaces (Dinh market), towns, mansions (“dinh”, “dinh co”, “dinh thu”), shrines (“dinh Van Thuy Tu”, “dinh Cau”, “dinh Nam Ong”, “dinh Thay Thim”, “dinh Co”), and saved the sign in the mountain and river names from Nghe An province to Dong Nai province (Dinh river, Dinh mountain, Dinh cape) etc.

 

 

In Comparison: Joseon and Dai Viet Diplomatic Relations with China

in the Early of 15th Century

 

 

Nguyen Nhat Linh, MA

VNU- University of Social Sciences and Humanities

 

In the early of 15th century, Dai Viet and Joseon relations with China changed to two different ways. While Dai Viet failed to maintain the diplomatic relation with Ming dynasty and was invaded by the Ming, Joseon took advantage of their knowledge of Ming-Dai Viet relations to develop the Sadae policy and reacted to every change in Ming diplomatic relations. Changes in Minh-Dai Viet relation brought Joseon experiences and challenged them to defend their independence. Joseon tried her effort to stabilize the relationship with the Ming in order to help them to maintain their peace in the first half of 15th century.

 

 

The Central Western Mountain Region and the Central Highland (Tay Nguyen) under Nguyen’s Rules in Cochinchina (16th-18th Centuries)

 

Vu Thi Xuyen

Faculty of Vietnamese Studies and Languages

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities

 

The period between the 16th  and the 18th  century in Vietnam was one of the most notable stages in the national history. Although civil war led to the unexpected separation of Tonkin and Cochinchina, these centuries also witnessed a significant and flourishing development on foreign trade. Realizing their strategic position in the regional trade network, both Trinh Lords in Tonkin and Nguyen Lords in Cochinchina developed a variety of effective policies to expand overseas trade and significantly influence the system of international exchange. In Cochinchina, the resource of commodities in the Western mountain region and Central Highland provided the Nguyen Lord with a foundation to ensure the stable flow of commerce, as well as the existence of Cochinchina’s regime.

Based on investigating various kinds of precious trade items from the Western mountain region and Central Highland in Cochinchina’s trading oversea, this article has two main objects. The first is to explore the Nguyen Lord’s administrative policies towards the Central Highland and Western mountain region as well. Comparing with the strategies pushing Cochinchina’s border further to the South (Nam tien), this article also distinguishes the military policies being carried out by Nguyen regime in the Western mountain region and Central Highland from the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries.

 

 

A Brief Overview of Research Literature about Phan Boi Chau in Foreign Countries

 

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chuong Thau

Institute of History, VASS

 

The article seeks to introduce the history of Phan Boi Chau's study abroad in some countries such as Japan, China, Korea, Korea, France, the United States, the USSR, and Germany. Although this is certainly not enough we learn from some issues on "research and introduction about Phan Boi Chau" of the scholarship and also exchange ideas and arguments with some foreign scholars about a number of scientific opinions.

The research about Phan Boi Chau still need to attract scholars aiming to further study and provide a comprehensive portrait on a great patriot, a great man of culture.

 

 

The General Offensive and Insurrection of Têt Mau Than in 1968

in the Modern History of Vietnam

 

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dinh Quang Hai

Institute of History, VASS

 

 

50 years ago, on the eve of the Tet Offensive in 1968, in responding to the appeal of the General Command of the Vietnam People's Army, led by President Ho Chi Minh, the army and the people of South-Vietnam’s provinces carried out a general offensive and insurrection against cities, especially Saigon, Hue City and towns, districts, the U.S and Saigon Army's army ordnance bases throughout the battlefield in South Vietnam.

The 1968 Tet Offensive caused the American imperialism a "sudden shock" that disrupted the arrangement and U.S intended plan and made a strong impact on the entire battlefield in South Vietnam and on the Pentagon and the United States.

 

 

An Introduction of Research Literature to Sino-Vietnamese Sources for the Nguyen Period

 

 

By R.B. Smith

Introduction and translation

Ho Giang Chau

Nguyen Huy Khuyen

Da Lat University

 

 

In the article entitled “Sino-Vietnamese Sources for the Nguyen Period” by R.B.Smith, published in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 30, No. 3, Fiftieth Anniversary Volume (1967), pp. 600-621, this is a report on the Han-Nom sources in Vietnam. The author has made a general assessment of the types of materials stored in places of Hue Imperial City and in Da Lat. In addition, there are some rare and valuable materials such as historical documents, land cadastral, official documents of Nguyen, woodblock documents. We would like to translate that into Vietnamese (from the original English text) in order to provide with a valuable resource to contribute to archives in Vietnam.

 

Tạp chí NCLS

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.