Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 10 năm 2020

11/11/2020
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 10-2020 có bài viết của các tác giả: Trần Đức Cường, Nguyễn Thị Vĩnh Linh, Lương Thy Cân, Lê Quang Chắn, Nguyễn Minh Phương, Lương Thị Hồng, Lương Thị Hoa, Huỳnh Lê Triều Phú.

MỤC LỤC

 

Trần Đức Cường: Cuộc khởi nghĩa Nam Kỳ năm 1940 và bài học về thời cơ cách mạng

 

Nguyễn Thị Vĩnh Linh: Thương mại và truyền giáo của người Bồ Đào Nha ở phố cảng Hội An (Thế kỷ XVI-XVII) 

 

Lương Thy Cân: Chiến lược khoan hòa và liên minh của các chúa Nguyễn nhằm phát triển xứ Đàng Trong (thế kỷ XVI-XVIII)

 

Lê Quang Chắn: Mô hình kho Nghĩa thương và Xã thương trong chính sách cứu trợ xã hội của triều Nguyễn (giai đoạn 1802-1883)

 

Nguyễn Minh Phương: Nam Thịnh Sơn Trang - Căn cứ địa của Duy Tân hội và Phong trào Đông Du đầu thế kỷ XX

 

Lương Thị Hồng: Hoạt động của các tổ chức phi chính phủ ở miền Nam Việt Nam giai đoạn 1954-1975

 

Lương Thị Hoa: Chuyển biến kinh tế ở huyện Như Xuân, tỉnh Thanh Hóa từ năm 1996 đến năm 2010

 

Huỳnh Lê Triều Phú: Địa danh Vồ Ông Bườm với nhân vật Achar Sva

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Nam Ky insurgency in 1940 and lessons of revolutionary opportunities

 

Assoc. Prof. Tran Duc Cuong

Institute of History, Vass

 

September 1, 1939, fascist Germany suddenly invaded Poland, marking the beginning of the WW II. September 22, 1940, Japanese troops crossed Sino-Vietnamese borders and entered Lang Son, signaled the invasion of Vietnam. November 20, 1940, the standing committee of the Communist party in Sothern Vietnam hold an urgent meeting and decided to take up arms at night of November 22, 1940, starting from Saigon.

The plan however was not implemented as the confidential strategy was discovered. Despite the failure and was suppressed, the Nam Ky insurgency possessed considerable meaning not only highlighting the spirit of Vietnamese patriotism and revolution, but also building up the determination for independence and freedom of the people of Nam Ky in particular and of Vietnam in general. 

The insurgency left to the Party and Vietnamese people with significant lessons on constructing arm forces, the cooperation between local and central governments, especially the activeness in terms of preparing victory opportunities for the revolution. 

 

Commercial and missionary activities of Portugal in Hoi An port (the XVI century - XVII century)

 

Dr. Nguyen Thi Vinh Linh

Quang Nam University

 

Between the XVIth and XVIIth centuries, Europe was changing significantly in the aftermath of the great age of discoveries by Portugal and Spain; Southeast Asia in general and Hoi An in particular were entering their golden age as one of the most bustling international trading ports in Asia. Based on entrenched fortifications which were located on the western Indian coast, Bengal bay, Southeast Asia, and the Far East, the Portuguese established trade and missionary relationships with Hoi An in the first part of the XVIth century. For over a century, maritime commerce and the missionary activities of their congregations in Hoi An gained vital achievements. Hoi An, among other places, such as Thanh Chiem (Quang Nam province) and Nuoc Man port (Binh Dinh province), witnessed the birth of the Vietnamese modernized scripts (Quoc Ngu). In this paper, we examine the process of the trading activities of the Portuguese merchants and spreading Christianity by the Jesuits in Hoi An. On that basis, we will analyze the impacts of these activities during the period of time between the XVIth to the XVIIth centuries. In order to carry out this research, we used the historical analysis method, combined with comparative research based on the relevant references.

 

The strategy of harmony and alliance of the Nguyen Lords of Cochinchina in order to develop the Inner-region (in the XVIIIth century)

 

Dr. Luong Thy Can

Thu Dau Mot University, Binh Duong

 

During the process of political establishment by the Nguyen Lords of Cochinchina, there was a systematic and consistent strategy of maintaining harmonious relationship and making alliance with both domestic and foreign forces in order to protect and develop their territories. Based on some important historical materials, this study indicated the uniformity and consistency of the ways in which the Nguyen Lords carried out the policy with successes. Although it is indicated of no existent documents reflects that strategy, the process of delivering and implementing it in reality in the long term allowed the author to argue that this was the strategic target that had a great impact on the success of the Nguyen Lords and the development of the Nguyen Cochinchina.

 

The model of public granaries (nghia thuong) and communal granaries (xa thuong) in the Nguyen’s policy of social relief (1802-1883)

 

Dr. Le Quang Chan

Institute of History, Vass

 

          Vietnamese has a tradition of mutual protection and mutual support in time of challenges. Thus, from the ancient time, our ancestors established granaries, such as Tao Thuong granary (Tran dynasty), Thuong Binh granary (Ho dynasty and Nguyen Lords of Cochinchina) … to store grains for social relief in time of natural disasters, failed crops, and starvations. Inherited all those forms of public grain-storage, and referenced to the Sui’s public granaries (by Sui Wendi) and public granaries of Zhouzi, the Nguyen dynasty first formed communal granaries in 1816 and public granaries in 1838, which were increasingly popular during the Tu Duc reign. Although their functions were different, the essential commonality was to support poor people in time of crisis.

          The content of this paper aims to analyze those concepts in depth; demonstrate the process of establishment of the public and communal granaries from the Gia Long to Tu Duc reigns; and finally evaluate the roles they played in the dynastic policy of social relief and people lives in particular, and in the XIXth century Vietnam in general.

 

Nam Thinh mountain farm  - the revolutionary base of Duy Tan hoi and the Dong Du movement in early 20th century

 

Dr. Nguyen Minh Phuong

Da Nang University

 

After the defeat of Can Vuong movement, the foundation of the Duy Tan Hoi and the Dong Du movement were among major events of the patriotic movement against the French colonization of Vietnam in early twentieth century. The history of their formation and operation, as well as the ups and downs of the Duy Tan Hoi and the Dong Du movement pertains to the activist - Tieu La Nguyen Thanh and Nam Thinh farm in Quang Nam.  There have been many dignified pages of our history dedicated to the Duy Tan Hoi and Dong Du movement, which also show a great acknowledgement to Tieu La Nguyen Thanh for his contribution and other patriotic scholars.  What is more, Vietnam history also confirms that Nam Thinh Farm was the revolutionary base of the Duy Tan Hoi and the Dong Du movement.

 

NGO’s operation in southern Vietnam, 1954 - 1975

 

Dr. Luong Thi Hong

Institute of History, Vass

 

This paper generalizes the process of introduction, development, and operation of NGOs in southern Vietnam between 1954 and 1975. Their appearance coincided with the escalation of the war, especially as the US troops deepened their direct intervention in the South, the NGOs’ number also expanded dramatically. Their funding sources were variously different, some were completely independent while others operated on both own financial sources and contracts with the United States Agency for International Development; even in some domains, it was the US governmental finance that the NGOs fully depended on. These NGOs operated mostly in the regions controlled by Saigon government, delivered the major and preliminary aims of supporting migrated northerners. Later, they expanded to a wide range of agenda, including grains and foods, social security, healthcare, education, and community development…. In spite of standing outside the governmental sphere, they played extended hands of the US diplomatic apparatus. Thus, NGOs activities, which initially aimed at charity, were gradually politicalized, serving political purposes and the US unjust war in Vietnam.

 

Economic transformation in Nhu Xuan district (Thanh Hoa): from 1996 to 2010

 

Luong Thi Hoa, M.A.,

Women Union of Thanh Hoa Province

 

The paper focuses on presenting the economic changes in the mountainous district of Nhu Xuan (Thanh Hoa Province) from its establishment in 1996 to 2010. The move creates a solid foundation for the district to escape poverty and become among the most stable with high economic-growth rate compared to 11 mountainous districts of Thanh Hoa province. As a result, this paper draws some meaningful lessons to build up and develop a sustainable economic model associated with social security in the Thanh Hoa mountainous area in particular, and in Vietnam in general.

 

The place-name Vo Ong Buom with the historical figure Achar Sva

 

Huynh Le Trieu Phu

An Giang Province

 

Achar Sva was the rebel leader of the Cambodian anti-French insurgency located mainly along Cambodian-Vietnamese border between 1863 and 1866. The man, however, has been little known in Vietnam so far, even presented in contradicting terms. Through our investigation of the historical place in the Cam Mountain (An Giang), that is Vo Ong Buom, it is recognized that Achar Sva had left a profound impacts on the Viet folk culture in the southwest frontier. From that, we analyze documents and find out new discoveries on his life and career.

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.