Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 1 năm 2018

Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 1/2018 có bài viết của các tác giả: Viện Sử học, Đinh Quang Hải, Phạm Thị Thu Hiền, Tạ Thị Thúy, Nguyễn Văn Khánh, Nguyễn Thị Trang, Nguyễn Thái Yên Hương, Vũ Dương Ninh.



Viện Sử học: Ban Tuyên giáo Trung ương họp Hội đồng thẩm định bộ sách “Lịch sử Việt Nam” của Nhà xuất bản Khoa học xã hội.

Đinh Quang Hải: Tác động của Tổng tiến công và nổi dậy Tết Mậu Thân 1968 trên mặt trận ngoại giao

Phạm Thị Thu Hiền: Nghĩa vụ của quan lại nhà Nguyễn dưới triều vua Minh Mệnh

Tạ Thị Thúy: Pháp tiến hành đeièu tra, thăm mỏ ở Việt Nam cuối thế kỷ XIX

Nguyễn Văn Khánh: Phan Bội Châu và ba làn sóng Đông Du trong lịch sử quan hệ Việt Nam - Nhật Bản

Nguyễn Thị Trang: Vai trò của chính phủ Pháp trong Hội nghị Paris về cuộc chiến tranh của Mỹ ở Việt Nam (giai đoạn 1968-1973)

Nguyễn Thái Yên Hương: Từ Châu Á - Thái Bình Dương sang Ấn Độ Dương -Thái Bình Dương rộng mở và tự do: Tiếp cận theo góc độ lịch sử và văn hóa chính trị

Vũ Dương Ninh: Về chương trình Lịch sử thế giới cho học sinh Trung học cơ sở




The Impacts of the General Offensive and Insurrection of 1968 Mau Than Tet on the Diplomatic Front



               Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dinh Quang Hai

Institute of History, VASS


In the resistance war anti American imperialism, the general offensive and insurrection of 1968 Mau Than Tet marked an important historical event. That upset the strategic war and bankrupted the US’s "local war" strategy creating a decisive turning point in the war, forcing the US to deescalate the war and to accept the Paris negotiating table for a solution of the end of the war.


Although it remained certain limitations, the victory of the Tet Offensive was of great significance, creating a new strength and force for our troops and people in South Vietnam for the gradual victory, and reaching its complete victory in the 1975 Spring general offensive and insurrection for complete liberation of the South and for national unification.


Duties of Mandarins of the Nguyen Dynasty under the Reign of Minh Mệnh


Pham Thi Thu Hien, MA

Hanoi Law University


In Nguyen monarchical time in general, King Minh Menh in particular, king was the head of state, mandarin as public executor and consultant to the king. In addition to the policy of running, besides treatments, Minh Menh King also specified duties and responsibilities of mandarins to the king, the people, the companion and themselves. Mandarin needed to worship the king with loyalty, people assurance, people education, co-workers respects and moral improvement and training. These regulations contributed to the establishment and the maintenance of orders: King and Subjects, mandarins in the state power's execution.


The French Enforcement, Investigation and Inventory of Mines in Vietnam in the Late 19th Century



Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ta Thi Thuy

Institute of History, VASS


Along with the gradual affirmation of ownership of the “Domaine minière” (mine domain), then given free from the Nguyen government, and by the end of the nineteenth century, the French colonial government plunged to search for mines in Vietnam. Wrapping around to find minerals that France needs is Tonkin and Annam, which had many mines discovered and exploited prior to the French occupation. However, these investigations and explorations effectively served the colonial administration for colonial interests.


The survey results paid not only attention to types of fuel but also on metal mines. In terms of coal, France not only knew the existence of formerly exploited coal basins such as Quang Yen, Nong Son and Vinh Phuoc but also extended coal mines in the Red River and Da River and Lo River basins in the delta provinces, coastal plains and in the Tonkinese midlands and highlands provinces such as Thai Nguyen, Yen Bai, Lao Cai. In terms of metal mines, the French government gathered information and initially studied on gold, silver, copper, lead and iron in both Tonkin and Annam.


Phan Boi Chau and Three Waves of Dong Du in the History of the Vietnam and Japan Relations


Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Khanh

Faculty of History, VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi


In the hope of training a new era of revolutionaries to rise against French colonial rule. Phan Boi Chau's Dong Du (Journey to the East, Eastern Exodus Movement or Study trip to the east - 東遊) movement and Vietnamese youths in the years 1905 and 1908 were considered the first wave of study in Japan / Dong Du, beginning waves of Dong Du in the twentieth century. The second wave of Dong Du occurred during the Second World War with the participation of dozens of young people and students from Vietnam under the agreement between the Japanese government and the French colonial government in Indochina. Among overseas students in Japan who later became excellent managers and scientists. The third wave began in the late 1980s and early 1990s and continued to this day, associating with Vietnam's reformation and integration.


The Role of the French Government in the Paris Conference on American War in Vietnam (in the Period 1968-1973)


Nguyen Thi Trang, MA

Faculty of History, Thai Nguyen University


On January 27th, 1973, the sign of the Paris Agreement marked the great victory of the Vietnamese revolution in the struggle against American imperialism for national salvation. This is the result of the diplomatic intellectually and the fierce struggle with the political struggle and the military struggle.


The French government led by De Gaulle later Pompidou had practical policies and measures to support Vietnam in the war anti American imperialism at the negotiating table in Paris. France successfully played the role of intermediary of both the USA and Vietnam at the Paris conference. Such French diplomats as Sainteny, Macovich, Aubrac and Schumann acted as shuttles and a bridge between the USA and Vietnam.



A Shift from Concept of “Asia - Pacific” to “Indo - Pacific: Free and Open”: Through the Approach of Historical and Cultural Politics


Prof. Dr. Nguyen Thai Yen Huong

Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam


On October 10th 2017, in Da Nang, the USA President Donald Trump did present to the APEC economies attended the Summit 2017 hosted by Vietnam the new concept about the region, he said “It is my honor to be at the heart of a free and open Indo - Pacific”. Then, on December 18th 2017, a new “National Security Strategy” (NSS) was issued to the world by the Administration of President Trump in his first year of the term in which the concept of “Indo - Pacific” with the emphasis on the “competition world” and also “to make America great again” in the interaction with some significant partners like China and Russia.


The think tank of America and other countries have controversial arguments and opinions about the NSS. The first school of thought has argued that the Trump’s Administration has shifted its’ foreign policy to larger scope geographically goes beyond Asia - Pacific towards Indian Ocean. The second one has considered that America has continued to maintained its’ present in the region and the recent development has indicated that the policy was adjusted to a trend that focus more on economic factor.  However, it has been shared that the region including Viet Nam will be affected by the adjustment of American policy towards the region. There has been different approaches and explanation about the process of US foreign policy implementation. With the aim to contribute to find out the further explanation about the implementation of the Administration, the author of the article will use the approaches based on the historical and cultural politics.


The article will focus on three main contents as such: 1) To understand fully and thoroughly the history of the concept “Indo-Pacific”; 2) The thinking of political school of thought - the foundation for US foreign policy and 3) the factors bringing the changes in the scope of foreign policy towards the region. Base on the historical and cultural politics approach, the author will generalize the process of changes of the concept “Indo-Pacific” in the world’s history, emphasize on the interest of the institution and America is not exclude. Moreover, realism has been the factor exerting great influence on the diplomatic behavior of Trump Administration. At the same time, very these factors have impact on the adjustment of American policy towards the region with a bigger scale with the new name of “Indo-Pacific: free and open”. 


On World History Programme for Junior High School Students


Prof. Vu Duong Ninh

Vietnam National University, Hanoi


The article seeks to contribute to the contents of world history programme for junior high school students. By analyzing challenges of Vietnamese students in learning world history and solutions, the author comes to some following conclusions:


i> Content of world history is not the history of a country in the world but it is necessary to provide students with an overview of the development path of human history from time to time. As for junior high school students, the main axis should be from the perspective of world civilization history.


ii> Historical curriculum at junior high school level should not fall into the periodization in a detailed from ancient, modern, modern and modern times so it is better to divide them according to the age of agriculture civilization, then industrial civilization and today the process of moving to information civilization.


iii> Bourgeois revolution was in fact a powerful move from agricultural civilization to industrial civilization, creating a new relationship between production capacity and the ability to organize and manage the above mentioned production.


iv> Oriental countries had the birthplaces of brilliant civilizations, but since the great discoveries of geography, Westerners gradually conquered and attracted locals into the orbit of market economy. While all violent resistances of invaded countries came to end in failure, the paths of reform in Japan and Siam (Thailand) achieved successes. That was the success of confluence in the common flow of human civilization. This contributed to practical significance in educating students to understand history in relations to the context of the country in international integration, bringing the nation into the general trend of the world, highly raising national position.


Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.