Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 3 năm 2018

08/04/2018
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 3 - 2018 có bài viết của các tác giả: Hồ Châu, Nguyễn Thế Trung, Trần Thị Thu Hương, Trịnh Thị Hà, Nguyễn Thu Hạnh, Lê Thị Mai - Zhang Zhouqing, Nguyễn Thu Hoài.

MỤC LỤC

 

Hồ Châu: Sản xuất và khai thác hàng hóa nông lâm thổ sản ở Đàng Trong thời chúa Nguyễn

 

Nguyễn Thế Trung: Công cuộc khai thác tài nguyên thiên nhiên và phát huy vị thế thương mại vùng biển đảo Hà Tiên - Kiên Giang trong mạng lưới thương mại Đông Nam Á dưới thời các chúa Nguyễn

 

Trần Thị Thu Hường: Chính sách đối nội của nhà Nguyễn nhằm khẳng định và bảo vệ chủ quyền biên giới Tây Nam (1802-1858)

 

Trịnh Thị Hà: Vài nét về Giám sinh trường Quốc Tử Giám (Từ thế kỷ XI đến nửa đầu thế kỷ XIX)

 

Nguyễn Thu Hạnh: Tiềm lực quốc gia của Iran và đối sách của Mỹ (Từ đầu thế kỷ XXI-2016)

 

Lê Thị Mai- Zhang Zhouqing: Đô thành Điển Xung của Vương quốc Lâm Ấp trong sách Thủy Kinh Chú

 

Nguyễn Thu Hoài: Các chuyến vượt biển đến khu vực Đông Nam Á dưới thời Minh Mệnh - Qua tư liệu Châu bản triều Nguyễn

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Production and Exploitation of Agricultural and Forestry Product Merchandises in Cochinchina under the Nguyen Lords

 

Ho Chau, MA

Association of Historical Science, Hue

 

Agricultural and forestry products had an important role, affecting the Cochinchinese economic and social life under the Nguyen lords. These products along with handicrafts and mining exploitation created an abundant and diversified commodity market and boosted Cochinchinese trade. The activities of exchanging and buying goods among regions in the realm were intensified and expanded. The domestic commerce so that moved quickly. The domestic commodity market became a cornerstone for the quick and effective implementation of the policy of foreign trade opening and development of the Nguyen lords. Given abundant sources in terms of spices, produces, Cochinchina's agricultural and forestry values attracted Westerners to the East.

 

Natural Resources Exploitation and Trade Position Promotion in Ha Tien - Kien Giang Sea and Islands Region in the Southeast Asian Commercial Network under Nguyen Lords

 

Nguyen The Trung, MA

Faculty of History

Univerisity of Social Sciences and Humanities

Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City

 

Southwest Sea of Vietnam in Thailand gulf, with frontier - border island group (Hai Tac, Phu Quoc and Tho Chu), frontier - island group (Hon Khoai) and interior island group (Nam Du, Hon Rai, Hon Tre, Ba Lua etc.) played a key role for the economic development and social security defense. From 18th century, this region became the territory, territorial waters of Dai Viet. A two-route defense system (along coastal area and on islands) was builded by the Mac family. The Nguyen lords also builded Bac Hai team and supported for Mac court’s military troops and weapons against invasions from neighboring countries and for security and defense.

 

The marine economic activities were extended. In coastal area, people focused on the exploitation of the marine natural resources, collecting wild bird’s fur, wax-collection, salt-production, constructing commercial ports and expanding maritime trade with neighboring countries. People living on islands developed forest resources, huyen phach (a value stone used to make jewelry), wild-bird nests, lignum aquilariae... and improved plants (pepper, potato...). Among them, trade was a brilliant economy. Ha Tien port city was a strategic position in the commercial system along coastline of the Gulf of Siam, attractted merchant Asia - Pacific and Western junks.

 

 

Home Affairs Policy of the Nguyen Dynasty to Confirm and Protect the Sovereignty of the South West Border (1802 - 1858)

 

   Tran Thi Thu Huong, MA

Ninh Thuan Province Political School

 

Through Nguyen dynasty's written records left, we can clearly see that the border of our country and the southwestern neighbors under the Nguyen dynasty was clearly defined. In recognizing the important role of the southwestern border in maintaining national sovereignty, the Nguyens set out guidelines, policies and measures to assert and defend the sovereignty of the court for this border area. With these guidelines, policies and measures, the border changed in a positive way, strengthened and maintained the sovereignty of the southwest border during the years 1802-1858. The reinterpretation of these specific policies and measures in affirming and defending the southwestern sovereignty of the Nguyen dynasty left lessons for the management and the protection of our border sovereignty at present.

 

Some Remarks on Confucian Students of Quoc Tu Giam (From the 11th Century to the Early of the 19th Century)

 

Trinh Thi Ha, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

From the eleventh century to the nineteenth century, in order to educate, train and select a number of talents serving the state, the dynasties of Lý, Trần, Lê sơ, Mạc, Lê - Trịnh, Nguyễn constructed in the capital the National School named Quoc Tu Giam (Imperial Academy). Whether situated in Hanoi (Quoc Tu GiamThang Long - Ha Noi) or in Hue (Quoc Tu Giam Hue), Quoc Tu Giam was always paid great intention in recruiting students into the school. As a result, many students of the Academy passed an examination of doctorate, becoming competent and virtuous mandarins who contributed to the national development.

 

Iranian National Potential and the US Reaction (From the Early 21st Century to 2016)

 

Nguyen Thu Hanh, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

In the first two decades in 21st century, Iran has become increasingly strong as a power in the Middle East. In spite of economic sanctions of the US and the West, Iranian economy has acquired considerable achievements. Iran is the second largest economy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) after Saudi Arabia. Iranian military power has been strengthened, and reflected in the growing military presence of Iran in the region such as Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Yemen… Especially, the Iranian nuclear projects make the West extremely concerned.

 

The national growing strength enables Iran to expand her influence on neighbor nations which challenge U.S vital interests in the Middle East. U.S authority has enforced a tough foreign policy towards Iran. Containment is considered the most important part in that firm policy.

 

The Dian Chong Capital of Lin Yi Kingdom in Shui Jing Zhu Book

 

Dr. Le Thi Mai

Faculty of History

Danang University of Education, Vietnam

Dr. Zhang Zhuoqing

Zhengzhou Normal University, Henan Provine, China

 

Shui Jing Zhu book was written in the early 6th century, but the descriptions of the Dian Chong capital (Sinhapura, Tra Kieu) reflected its current status around early 5th century. The Dian Chong capital was able to pass thousands of years with many variations, but its basic characteristics in terms of conception on natural landscape elements in building, scale planning and on building techniques enabled to be identified, at least in the background of that historical period. This article seeks to present the descriptions of the Shui Jing Zhu bibliography about Dian Chong and to reconsider the relationship among them given archaeological achievements almost a century in Tra Kieu. In doing so, it aims to highlight comments about the characteristics of the Dian Chong capital in particular and around Linyi in general on location, natural landscape, city’s appearance and construction techniques.

 

The Maritime Voyages to South East Asia during Minh Menh Dynasty  Through Imperial Archives of the Nguyen Dynasty

 

Nguyen Thu Hoai, MA

National Archives Centre, No 1

 

In the opinion of some people for a long time, commercial activities in general and foreign trade activities in particular were fairly stagnant under the Nguyen dynasty. The term "seclusion" was used quite often when it comes to foreign trade during the Nguyen Dynasty. Especially the external trade promotion outside the country is believed to be less interested by the royal government. There are many reasons to explain the underdevelopment of this activity under the Nguyen dynasty those are due to the economic conditions in the undeveloped country, technical ability of the local ship yards not very high, poorly qualified seafarers, traders habits with small scale businesses, psychological fear of Western invasion, pirate risk... But through study of materials in imperial archives of Nguyen Dynasty, especially under king Minh Mệnh domestic vessels went offshore to trade in Ha Chau, Tan Gia Ba (Singapore), Giang Luu Ba (Indonesia), Lu Tong (Luzon-Philippines) and Guangzhou, Hong Kong... were not so rare.

 

Although not too exciting and not always successful the voyages had contributed in the development of political, economic, cultural relations of Đai Nam with other countries in the region. The key aspect of this research is to publish materials about the voyages to the countries in Southeast Asia under the Minh Menh’s reign through original imperial documents of the Nguyen dynasty. Through it contributing to an assessment of the economic and commercial activities under the Ming Menh dynasty particular and the Nguyen dynasty general.

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.