Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 8 năm 2017

01/10/2017
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 7 – 2017 có bài viết của các tác giả: Nguyễn Tuấn Cường, Lê Quang Chắn, Đặng Hồng Sơn - Nguyễn Văn Anh - KIKUCHI YRiKO, Hoàng Chí Hiếu, Võ Văn Sen, Đỗ Thị Hạnh, Nguyễn Văn Trường, Nguyễn Văn Kim.

MỤC LỤC:

Nguyễn Tuấn Cường: Chánh sứ Nguyễn Huy Oánh với trường học Nhạc Lộc ở Trung Quốc và trường học Phúc Giang ở Việt Nam

 

Lê Quang Chắn: Tình hình thiên tai ở Việt Nam giai đoạn 1802 - 1883 và chính sách cứu trợ xã hội của triều Nguyễn

 

Đặng Hồng Sơn - Nguyễn Văn Anh - KIKUCHI YRIKO: Nhận thức về thương cảng Hội thống qua tư liệu Lịch sử và Khảo cổ học

 

Hoàng Chí Hiếu: Thi hành Hiệp định Genève ở khu phi quân sự - vĩ tuyến 17 từ sau tháng 7 - 1954

 

Võ Văn Sen: Tìm hiểu về sự chuyển biến của tầng lớp trung nông ở Đồng bằng sông Cửu Long giai đoạn 1955 - 1975

 

Đỗ Thị Hạnh: Nhìn lại cục diện quốc té ở Đông Nam Á sau chiến tranh Việt NAm và  cuộc xung đột ở Campuchia

 

Nguyễn Văn Trường: Giới thiệu tập bản đồ cổ quý hiếm của Việt Nam thế kỷ XV

 

Nguyễn Văn Kim: Ý nghĩa công pháp quốc tế của các bản Hiệp ước triều Nguyễn ký với phương Tây

 

TÓM TẮT

 

Chief Envoy Nguyen Huy Oanh and Nhac Loc Academy in China and Phuc Giang Academy in Vietnam

 

Dr. Nguyen Tuan Cuong

Institute of Han-Nom Studies, VASS

 

Nguyễn Huy Oánh along with other scholars belonging to the same Nguyễn Huy clan founded a Confucian private academy named Phúc Giang Academy (福 江 書 院) which would become the most famous academy in Vietnam during the last half of the 18th century. Although he was directly influenced with his interactions with nine Chinese shuyuan/academy/ 書 院, particularly Yuelu shuyuan 嶽 麓 書 院, which he visited during an envoy mission (1766-1767), Nguyễn Huy Oánh had already begun organizing activities which are commonly associated with shuyuan - for example: opening a school, organizing the editing, woodblock-printing, distribution, and archiving of books, and purchasing land to be used for the support of the academy. However, it must be confirmed that, upon returning from China, Nguyễn Huy Oánh selectively adopted various elements from the shuyuan model of Yuelu shuyuan in order to advance the quality of education at Phúc Giang Academy, developing it into the largest private institution in Vietnam during its time. Notably, Phúc Giang Academy was located in the central region of Vietnam, an area which, compared with the northern part of the country, still had an underdeveloped education system.

 

Natural disasters in Vietnam in the period 1802-1883 and the social relief policy of the Nguyen Dynasty

 

Dr. Le Quang Chan

Institute of History, VASS

       The natural disasters in Vietnam under the Nguyen dynasty (1802-1883) were frequent and complex with more than 100 floods, over 80 storms, 38 dyke breaks, nearly 70 disease outbreaks, 57 years of drought, 10 times of earthquakes and other natural phenomena such as mountain slides, landslides, river slides, lightning strikes, and snow. The social policies of the Nguyen dynasty were active and extremely important contributing to reduce risks and to stabilize the lives of the people, somewhat to soften social conflicts at that time. However, the Nguyen dynasty's social relief policies also revealed many disadvantages in the process of implementation due to a number of causes. The article also seeks to revisit causes leading to decrease enforcement affects of the Nguyen dynasty's social relief policies.

 

A study on the Hoi Thong commercial port through historical and archeological documents

 

Dr. Dang Hong Son

Nguyen Van Anh, MA

                                                                                        Faculty of History VNU- University of Social Sciences and Humanities

                         Dr. Kikuchi Yuriko

                                                                                                   Institute for Human Cultural Studies Ministry of Culture and Education, Japan

 

       According to archival sources in Vietnam and abroad and local archaeological investigations, during the time of Shuinsen (Red-seal ships, 1603-1635) of Tokugawa Shogunate, the Japanese set their settlement along the riverine Lam (riverside), including Hoi Thong for trading, life, marriage and so on. The Hoi Thong trading area has also been surveyed and studied by many experts in history, trade history, cultural exchange, archeology and ancient ceramics and so on.

The purpose of the article is to study on two sources of material in Vietnam and abroad and archaeological documentations. In doing so, the authors reconsider the location of the Hoi Thong trading port during the Age of the East Sea trade in the 13th and 18th centuries.

 

A study on changes of the middle peasant class in the Mekong river delta in the period 1955-1975

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Vo Van Sen

University of Social Sciences and Humanities - VNU HCM

 

       The rural development policies and programs of the United States and the Saigon government during 20 years (1955-1975) changed the Mekong river delta in dimensional aspects. The investment with priority of peasant through the law of "farmer-has-land" essentially replaced feudalism in rural areas under the French colonialization by capitalism in smallholder agriculture, creating a vast middle class to capitalist business. Given the historical perspective and approach, the purpose of the paper is to study on the middle class in the Mekong river delta in the period 1955-1975 in relation to the historical process and the transformation of class structure in rural areas.

 

Implementing Genève Agreement in the demilitarized zone- 17th parallel after July 1954

 

Dr. Hoang Chi Hieu

Faculty of History, Hue University’s College of Education

 

Established after July 1954, the provisional military demarcation line and the demilitarized zone (DMZ) - 17th parallel where Genève Agreement was clearly marked. From provisionally divided Vietnam into two separate parts in 2 years, DMZ became a Vietnam in small scale in the period 1954-1975. This article seeks to highlight some major points in implementing the Genève Agreement after July 2013.

 

Southeast Asian international context after the Vietnam War and the conflict in Cambodia

 

                                                                               Dr. Do Thi Hanh

University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU-HCM

 

       The Vietnamese army with the support of the Soviet Union into Cambodia's Phnom Penh capital in January 1979 caused a huge reaction of many national forces both inside and outside the region. That quickly turned into a conflict and serious international crisis in this area. However, the fact that Vietnam sent troops into Cambodia was merely a "surface" reason of the conflict history. The crisis had its roots and deep international context. The article seeks to address a number of aspects in order to visualize the context and the international politics in Southeast Asia during the "post Vietnam war" concerning the explanation of the conflict roots in Cambodia.

 

An introduction to valued and ancient maps of Vietnam in the 15th century

 

Nguyen Van Truong

EFEO in Hanoi

 

 A set of 24 maps in the study on the Portulan annamite du XVe siècle of the French scholar G.Dumoutier in French completed in August 1895. According to Prof. Tran Nghia, former director of the Institute of Han Nôm studies (VASS), this atlas was preserved in France under the file code Paris.BN.G FF.3677. The authors of the book Hong Duc maps (Buu Cam, Do Van Anh, Pham Huy Thuy and others, Saigon, Ministry of Education, 1962, p. XII) proved that they did not find it at the library in Saigon. However, we have a volume in the form of extracts of the above bulletin, which include the research part, and 24 sheets of map.

 

The significance of the International public law of the treaties signed between the Nguyen dynasty and the West

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Kim

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities

 

Under intense pressure and threat of the Western colonial powers, in 1862 the Nguyen dynasty had to sign the unequal treaties with France and Spain. In 1874, before the French colonialist aggression and intervention, the Nguyen continued to sign the "Giap Tuat Treaty" with new terms of concession. In 1949, the Bao Dai government (the pro-French government) also signed "the Elysée Treaty".

However, in the context of world and Asian history, based on analyzing the contents of the treaties and on recognizing problems under the international public law's perspective, it is able to bring another perception of the multi-dimensional implications of the treaties. The article thus seeks to clarify the legal foundations (in treaties’ contents and internationally recognized), and given on which we can exploit and use for the cause of struggling and protecting the national interests and sacred sovereignty of our Fatherland in the South as well as Hoang Sa and Truong Sa and Vietnamese seas and islands in the East Sea.

Tạp chí NCLS

Giáo sư, Tiến Sĩ Phạm Xuân Nam (1934-2019) (08/04/2019)

GS.TS. Phạm Xuân Nam sinh ngày 28 tháng 6 năm 1934 tại làng Phù Lưu, xã Tân Hồng, huyện Từ Sơn, tỉnh Bắc Ninh (nay là khu phố Phù Lưu, phường Đông Ngàn, thị xã Từ Sơn, tỉnh Bắc Ninh)