Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 4 - 2018

05/05/2018
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 4 có bài viết của các tác giả: Phan Huy Lê, Vũ Minh Giang, Nguyễn Văn Kim, Đinh Tiến Hiếu, Trần Hữu Thắng, Trương MInh Dục - Trương Phúc Nguyên, Phan Thị Cẩm Vân, Trần Văn An.

MỤC LỤC

 

Phan Huy Lê: Nước Đại Cồ Việt trong tiến trình lịch sử Việt Nam

Vũ Minh Giang: Sự hình thành Nhà nước Đại Cồ Việt và vai trò của Đinh Tiên Hoàng trong tiến trình lịch sử dân tộc

Nguyễn Văn Kim: Nhà nước Đại Cồ Việt trong bối cảnh lịch sử, chính trị Đông Á thế kỷ X

Đinh Tiến Hiếu: Hoạt ddoognj giao thương giữa thương cảng Hà Tiên (Việt Nam) và thương cảng Quảng Châu (Trung Quốc) thế kỷ XVII-XVIII

Trần Hữu Thắng: Thực dân Pháp với hoạt động đào, vét kênh rạch ở Tây Nam Kỳ giai đoạn 1867-1897

Trương Minh Dục - Trương Phúc Nguyên: Tác động của di dân đến sự biến đổi quan hệ dân tộc ở Việt Nam

Phan Thị Cẩm Vân: Về quan hệ hợp tác thương mại Liên Bang Nga - Việt Nam (2001-1015)

Trần Văn An: Kết hợp khai thác kinh tế với bảo vệ chủ quyền biển đảo - Nhìn từ các tư liệu Hán Nôm về nghề Yến Thanh Châu ở Hội An

 

 

 

The Dai Co Viet State in the Course of the Vietnamese History

Prof. Phan Huy Le

Vietnam Association of Historical Sciences

 

   The national scientific conference "Dai Co Viet in the History of Vietnam" has discussed many issues from the Dinh dynasty through the Tien Le (Early Le) dynasty to the first two reigns of the Ly dynasty, from 986 to 1054 during 86 years. Nevertheless, the focus of the Dai Co Viet state in the time of Dinh covers three important issues:

 

   i> It is the merits of Dinh Bo Linh in the pacification on twelve warlords and the national reunification. The warlords were, in fact, local leaders who had participated in the anti-North domination for independence. Nevertheless, when the Ngo's reign collapsed, they became heroic in each area, keeping interests of each leader and protecting the security of the people in the region. However, prolonging the state came to weak the country, creating opportunities for foreign invasions. Dinh Bo Linh used forces to defeat a number of strong troops, convincing, luring many other warlords. The flag of the national unification matched with the development path of the history and the aspiration of the people.

 

   ii> As for the foundation of Dai Co Viet of Dinh Tien Hoang, it is a monarchical nation, the national name, title as Emperor, Thai Binh date and the government and the army. Dai Co Viet was a real independent country with the high sense of sovereignty, the beginning of the tradition of Emperor proclamation of all Vietnamese monarchical dynasties.

 

   iii> As for the position of Dai Co Viet in the Vietnamese historical course, monarchical historians considered it as the starting-point of a period called Basic Records or Official Records of the official chronicle monarchical history. The establishment of Dai Co Viet in 986 was deserving to be honored as a great ceremony or an important ceremony, but if it is considered the national ceremony, it should compare with some other great events, especially with Bach Dang victory in 930 it ended more than thousand years under the North domination.

 

The Formation of the Dai Co Viet State and the Role of Dinh Tien Hoang in the National History

Prof. DrSc. Vu Minh Giang

Vietnam National University, Hanoi

 

The Dai Co Viet state's birth marked a real milestone in the national history. With the placement of the national name, date and the establishment of a unified administrative system from top to bottom, the territorial identification, the issuance of currency and so on, Dai Co Viet was an independent country with full criteria in comparison to other countries. The reestablishment of our nation came to complete the foundation.

 

Dinh Bo Linh has the merit and the greatest contributions to this cause. He created a united foundation for a nation that had not been existed. His visions, talents, and skills and spirit also reflected in his claim as emperor and later he proposed the Song dynasty to confer his son Dinh Lien as the King. It is the expression of power equivalence, equality to the emperor of the Song dynasty. From onwards, the Vietnamese kings proclaimed emperors. Therefore, the establishment of the Dinh dynasty and Dinh Bo Linh's enthronement in 968 should be seen as a milestone of opening a new era in the national history.

 

The Dai Co Viet State in the East Asian Historical and Political Context in the 10th Century

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Kim

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

In East Asia, Vietnam is situated at an important and strategic and geo-economic point. Due to its abundant natural resources, the bridge between Northeast Asia and South East Asia and the gateway to the ocean of the vast "continental Asia", Vietnam is the destination of many migration flows, traders and artisans. It was also a target of invasion and the penetration of political powers and regional empires.

 

At the beginning of the 10th century, when the Tang dynasty weakened and collapsed, the dynasties of the "Great Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms" were not able to maintain a long-term power and influence to localities, the Dai Co Viet state recognized and seized the opportunity to gain independence and self-reliance. The great victory of the Ngo - Dinh - Le dynasties helped to break the political structure and the power system of the Chinese empire in the regional level.

 

Dinh Tien Hoang and the Dinh dynasty's masters urgently set up the political apparatus of the state. Basically, Dai Co Viet had the characteristics of a functional state. The model and the institutions created by the Dinh and Le dynasties were multiplied and developed in the later Ly and Tran dynasties. The Dai Co Viet state was far from the universal model that history has recorded: a dominant state or an exploitative state which had appeared in many Eastern countries as well as the West from the ancient and medieval periods. 

 

Trade Activities between Ha Tien and Guangzhou Commercial Ports in the 17th-18th Centuries

 

Dr. Dinh Tien Hieu

Faculty of History

VNU-University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

The stage between 17th and 18th centuries was a period of intense development of Asian and the worldwide dealing activities. After the great geographical discoveries, the "Maritime Silk Road" linking the East with the West was established and developed continuously. The new road became a maritime trade route linking three oceans, opening up the "Commercial Age" - the era of formulation and the development of the international maritime trade system. These profound changes pushed the Vietnamese commercial ports to engage actively in the regional trading system.

 

For many centuries, together with the birth of such trading ports as Thanh Ha, Hoi An, Nuoc Man in Cochinchina and Van Don, Pho Hien, Hoi Thong, etc. in Tonkin, there also was the formation of Ha Tien port in the southernmost part of the country. Although the late formation (late seventeenth century), Ha Tien commercial port actively took part in regional trading activities, especially with Guangzhou (China). Goods were exchanged through these ports, reaching consumers of two countries and the whole region.

 

The French Colonial Government with Canals Digging and Scrape in the Southwest Region

in the Period 1867-1897

 

Tran Huu Thang, MA

Faculty of Political Theories

Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City

 

   The article seeks to redraw the peach painting of canals of the French colonial government in the western region from 1867 to 1897. Within 30 years, the French attempted to invest capital, labors, and technology to renovate the old canal system (the Nguyen dynasty) and to develop a new canal system with more advantages. The canal system in this period had an impact on the socio, economic transformation. Given the initial results, it created the basis for the French to continue to invest and further promote canals digging throughout the Southwest region.

 

Impacts of the Migration to the Changes of the Ethnic Minority Relations in Vietnam

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Truong Minh Duc

Truong Phuc Nguyen, MA

Academy of Politics Region III

 

Given the need of the economic development of the country, the industrialization and modernization in association with the process of urbanization, since the day of the South complete liberation, especially in the renovation period, in our country it occurred a largest wave of migration and resettlement in history. This article seeks to review the process of migration and resettlement from 1975 to 2016 in ethnic minority and mountainous areas, the impact of the process on the changes of ethnic minority relations in our country. The successes and limitations of the process are a base for the Party and the State for additional solutions on the migration and resettlement policy. 

 

 

On the Trade Cooperation between Russian Federation and Vietnam (2001 - 2015)

 

Phan Thi Cam Van, MA

Vinh University

 

The friendly relationship between the Russian Federation and Vietnam has a long history, developed by two States and two nations. In the overall relationship, the diplomatic relations are the foundation for strengthening and developing cooperation in other aspects. The importance of this bilateral relationship has become a solid premise for the effective implementation of economic and trade cooperation between the two countries. The Russian Federation and Vietnam are familiar with each other for a long time. Therefore, in the new international context since the beginning of the 21st century, the trade cooperation has always been paid great attention by both countries and achieved in good results. In this article, the author seeks to revisit and analyze further the bilateral trade cooperation between 2001 and 2015.

 

A Combination between Economic Exploitation and Sovereign Protection of Sea and Islands as Seen from Han-Nom Materials on Thanh Chau Swallow Industry in Hoi An

 

Tran Van An

Hoi An Center for Cultural Heritage Management and Preservation

 

   The exploitation of swallow nests in Thanh Chau, Hoi An, Quang Nam related to a rare marine resources as bird nests. This developed strongly during the Nguyen lords and later the Nguyen dynasty. Through 30 Han-Nom materials relating to the Thanh Chau swallows dating from 1804 to 1896 shows that the Nguyen kings early paid great attention to establish the sea and islands sovereignty and to carry out the policy of economic exploitation which combined with the sea and islands sovereign protection where the cave oats live from the Central to South. This was a suitable and active policy of Nguyen kings at that time and it was of practical significance to implement this policy in the present time.

Tạp chí NCLS

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.