Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 10 - 2018

02/12/2018
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 10-2018 có bài viết của các tác giả: Nguyễn Văn Kim, Nguyễn Thị Hải, Trần Thị Phương Hoa, Bùi Gia Khánh, Lê Đức Hoàng, Nguyễn Văn Quý, Nguyễn Thị Oanh

MỤC LỤC

Nguyễn Văn Kim: Vị trí chiến lược của Đà Nẵng - nhận thức, ứng đối và hành động xâm lược của thực dân Pháp năm 1858

 

Nguyễn Thị Hải: Vài nét về ruộng đất công vùng Thuận - Quảng dưới thời các chúa Nguyễn thế kỷ XVII-XVIII

 

Bùi Gia Khánh: Cải cách thủy quân dưới thời Minh Mạng

 

Trần Thị Phương Hoa: Giáo dục Nam Kỳ từ năm 1861 đến năm 1904 nhìn từ vấn đề thế tục hóa

 

Lê Đức Hoàng: Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh bàn về Tôn Trung Sơn và Chủ nghĩa Tam dân

 

Nguyễn Văn Quý: Tìm hiểu về Liên tông Tịnh độ Non Bồng: Tiếp cận sử học tôn giáo

 

Nguyễn Thị Oanh: Về bộ Đại Nam thực lục in ảnh tại Nhật Bản

 

TÓM TẮT

 

The Strategic Position of Da Nang: Perception, Response and the Invasion of the French Colonialism in 1858

 

                                                                          Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Kim

VNU- University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi

 

After the explorations, political pressure and the military threat, on 1st September 1858, French and Spanish troops opened fire on Da Nang, a key seaport, a well-known trading port in central Vietnam. The Da Nang event was considered to be the beginning of the invasion and the rule of French domination over Vietnam for nearly a century. So why did the French-Spanish alliance choose Da Nang and consider it a strategic attack? Given various sources of material, the article seeks to clarify the geo-economic, geo-political and geo-military positions of Da Nang and the role and the functions of Da Nang in the face of domestic, regional and international impacts.

 

Some Remarks on Public Land in the Thuan - Quang Region under the Nguyen Lords

in the 17th-18th Centuries

 

Nguyen Thi Hai, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

          Lord Nguyen Hoang managed the area of ​​Cochinchina as a commander in the southern part of the country, opening a new period for national history. One of the prominent roles of the Nguyen lords in the new land was to expand the area of ​​territory, gradually establishing the sovereignty of Dai Viet country on the land borders on the west, south and islands. In order to fully exploit the new land as well as to better manage this area, Nguyen lords had various policies on public and private land. In particular, the public land management in the Thuan - Quang area was strictly enforced and clearly defined for each specific type of land. However, by the eighteenth century, these policies revealed many inadequacies, especially the land tax policy. This had significantly affected the agricultural economy as well as the life of farmers in Thuan Quang region during the 17th and 18th centuries.

 

Naval Reforms under the Reign of Minh Menh King

Dr. Bui Gia Khanh

Faculty of Social Sciences Pedagogy

Sai Gon University

 

At the same time with administrative reforms from 1831 to 1832 King Minh Mang has military reforms. The most important is to change the organization of the navy. The first is to strengthen the standing naval department in the capital, for this is the most important force of Nguyen Dynasty’s navy. Second, King Minh Mang establish naval department in the coastal localities. With those reforms Minh Mang's navy has developed into a large force, so it plays a very important role in controlling the sea, islands and many other duties for the kingdom.

 

Education in Cochinchina from 1861 to 1904 - Question of secularization

 

Dr. Tran Thi Phuong Hoa

Institute of History, VASS

 

The article examines educational situation in Cochinchina from 1861 to 1904, focusing on two aspects: the influence of the Catholic Church on education and the plan to secularize schools from 1881-1882 to 1904. The schooling data in Cochinchina from 1861 to the end of the nineteenth century show the important role of the Catholic Church in education, in which the number of cleric teaching staff increased steadily and at a time, half of the students in Cochinchina (1895-1897) were instructed by the clergy. In 1881-1882, under the influence of the Education Laws worked out by Jules Ferry in France on compulsory and secular education, the discussion of secularization of education in Cochinchina was launched. However, until 1897, the number of schools monitored by the clergy remained high. In 1897, the Cochinchinese Department of Education set up an educational reform that planned to promote French teaching in public schools. In 1902, the French established the French secular Mission (la Mission laïque française (MLF) and the secularization of education became compulsory for colonial education. In 1904, the Cochinchinese Education Commission declared that the Cochinchinese Department of Education was formally secular. Public schools became independent from the cleric influence. All church schools (écoles congréganistes) were classified as private.

 

President Ho Chi Minh’s Writings on Sun Yat-sen's Revolution and

Three Principles of the People

Dr. Le Duc Hoang

Department of Political Theory

Central Committee for Propaganda and Training

 

In the period from the Xinhua Revolution to the Nationalist and Communist cooperation (1911-1924) (國共合作), Ho Chi Minh initially paid attention to the revolution of Sun Yat-sen and his Three Principles of the People. By the years of operation in Guangzhou (1924-1927), He had the more opportunity to learn deeply Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles of the People. In the period 1927-1945, Ho Chi Minh continued to learn and skillfully apply the value of the new three principles of people for national liberation in Vietnam. After 1945, the issue of people's life, people's rights and democracy became the target of "striving" for the Ho Chi Minh government.

 

A Study on Lien Tong Tinh Do Non Bong - An Approach from Historical Research of Religion

Nguyen Van Quy, MA

Institute for Religious Studies, VASS

 

Lien Tong Tinh Do Non Bong (Liên Tông Tịnh Độ Non Bồng) was founded by superior Buddhist monk Thiện Phước Nhựt Ý at Linh Son Pagoda in 1957 in South Vietnam. At present, this is under the leadership of the Buddhist Church of Vietnam in the spirit of serving the Dharma, serving the nation, according to the teachings, laws and the laws of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

According to statistics, in 2016, in Liên Tông Tịnh Độ Non Bồng there were 1,125 monks and nuns and 1,550,000 Buddhist followers living in 170 Buddhist pagoda, monasteries and so on throughout the country, especially in the Eastern and Western provinces such as Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc, Ba Ria Vung Tau, Dong Nai...

 

On Photographic Dai Nam Thuc Luc in Japan

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Thi Oanh

Institute of Han-Nom Studies, VASS

 

In recent, thanks to the introduction and the enthusiastic help of Prof. Shimao Minoru (Keio University's Institute of Language and Culture Research), and approved by the President of the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, four delegates of the Institute of Han-Nom Studies visited and worked in two large archives in Japan Toyobunko and Shidobunko. During this trip, the Institute is honored to be offered by Prof. Shimao Minoru the photographic Dai Nam Thuc Luc which has edited and published by Keio University's Institute of Language and Culture Research. After our return, we have conducted a study on this printed photo of Japanese, compared with actual Dai Nam Thuc Luc file-code A.2772/1-67 stored in the Institute of Han-Nom studies.

Giáo sư, Tiến Sĩ Phạm Xuân Nam (1934-2019) (08/04/2019)

GS.TS. Phạm Xuân Nam sinh ngày 28 tháng 6 năm 1934 tại làng Phù Lưu, xã Tân Hồng, huyện Từ Sơn, tỉnh Bắc Ninh (nay là khu phố Phù Lưu, phường Đông Ngàn, thị xã Từ Sơn, tỉnh Bắc Ninh)