Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 11 - 2018

02/01/2019
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 11-2018 có bài viết của các tác giả: Trần Xuân Trí, Nguyễn Quang Hà, Nguyễn Văn Chuyên, Bùi Văn Huỳnh, Nguyễn Thị Thu Thủy, Lê Thành Nam, Nguyễn Thị Thu Hường.

MỤC LỤC

 

Trần Xuân Trí: Thuế thân và sưu dịch ở Nam Kỳ dưới thời Pháp đô hộ

 

Nguyễn Quang Hà: Sử liệu về các công trình kiến trúc và cảnh quan Kinh thành Thăng Long thời Lý

 

Nguyễn Văn Chuyên: Cảng Biện Sơn (Thanh Hóa) trong các thế kỷ XVI-XIX

 

Bùi Văn Huỳnh: Bước đầu tìm hiểu về thuế chợ dưới triều Nguyễn giai đoạn 1802-1897

 

Nguyễn Thị Thu Thủy: Tình hình ruộng đất ở Sơn La qua địa bạ Gia Long 4 (1805)

 

Lê Thành Nam: Nước Mỹ với việc tìm kiếm đồng minh trong cuộc chiến tranh giành độc lập (1775-1783)

 

Nguyễn Thị Thu Hường: Thành Cổ Lộng trong kháng chiến chống giặc Minh: Tư liệu và nhận thức

 

 

TÓM TẮT

 

 

The Poll Tax and Corvée in Cochinchina under the French Domination

 

 

Dr. Tran Xuan Tri

Faculty of History

Hanoi National University of Education

 

During the feudalist period, poll tax and corvée were used in some Asian and European countries. In Vietnam, along with their occupation of Cochinchina, the French continued to impose the types of tax and enacted different tax regulations for each region. This article seeks to analyze the poll tax and corvée for the Vietnamese living in Cochinchina, including its origin under feudalism; Decrees, notices relating to tax objects, tax exemption, tax registration, tax certificate, sanction for tax evasion, reorganization of village administration with an aim to make it an effective tool to manage residents and tax collection. On the basis of analyzing and comparing with the tax system imposed under feudalism, in the North and Central of Vietnam, and on European and Asian people living in Cochinchina, the article provides some assessments on the nature and impact of pool tax and corvée on Cochinchina during the French colonial period.

 

Historical Documents on Architectural Monuments and Landscape of the Thang Long Imperial in the Ly Time

 

Nguyen Quang Ha, MA

Thang Long Heritage Conservation Center

 

             In this article, the author outlines some of the architectural works on the Thang Long capital in the Ly time such as ponds, lakes, rivers, bridges, gardens in Thang Long capital. The Ly dynasty chose Thang Long as its capital with architectural works and landscapes associated with Thang Long, helping to present the appearance of the Thang Long capital nearly 1000 years ago. Beside the design of the landscape along with the construction of many palaces where it happened the political and orthodox events in domestic and foreign affairs. The Ly dynasty also organized many construction projects such as communal houses, temples, stations, warehouses... These were not important works as compared to palaces, temples but it was indispensable in the palace life in economic, political, cultural, spiritual aspects.

 

 

Bien Son Port (Thanh Hoa) during the period of the 16th- 19th Centuries

 

 

Dr. Nguyen Van Chuyen

Institute of the Party History, HCMA

 

Bien Son port located in the southeast of Thanh Hoa province, which was formed and developed thanks to favorable natural conditions and a key position on the north-south sea road. Bien Son was a trading port, or sea trade control station. From the 16th century to the 19th century, trade, maritime security activities took place continuously in Bien Son port.Within more than 3 century, Bien Son was transformed in its size and character: In the 16th-18th centuries, Bien Son was both a landing, a customs station, a big port, playing an meaningful role in the foreign trade and finance of the Le-Trinh dynasty; since the beginning of the 19th century, Bien Son was no longer a big port, but its military  character was clear.
 

 

A Study on Market Dues under the Nguyen Dynasty in the Period 1802-1897

 

 

Bui Van Huynh, MA

Institute of History, VASS

 

       The Nguyen dynasty inherited the policies of the previous dynasties to promulgate specific and systematic regulations on market tax. Research on market dues is a very meaningful content of research related to market, trade and evaluation of Nguyen dynasty in history.

       The article seeks to present the main contents on tax issues under the Nguyen dynasty in terms of acquisition, supplementation and development of taxation management experience of the previous dynasties, the identification of payers, revenue collection mode and market tax rates in the period 1802 - 1897.

 

 

Land Condition in Son La in the First Haft of 19th Century Through Land Cadastres under the 4th Reign of Gia Long King (1805)

 

 

Dr. Nguyen Thi Thu Thuy

Faculty of History

Hanoi National University of Education

 

The purpose of the article is to develop the article under the title "The administrative border and land situation in Son La in the nineteenth century through land cadastres of the Nguyen dynasty" (Institute of Han Nom Studies (2017), Han Nom research in 2017, World Publishing House, Hanoi, pp. 575-590). The article seeks to reappraise Son La land cadastres under the 4th reign of Gia Long (1805) at the National Archives Center I in terms of land situation, land quality, land ownership, families and notables’ land ownership in Son La in the first half of the nineteenth century.

 

The U.S towards the Search for Ally in the Period of the War of Independence (1775-1783)

 

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Thanh Nam

Faculty of History

Hue University of Education

 

On the basic resources from the U.S, the article analyzes the search for ally of American patriots in the war of independence. In this process, the Continental Congress, the body of supreme leadership of the American people, placed their careers in an international relationship, mainly in relations among European powers. It was the grasp of the conflict between Britain and France, American revolutionists implemented the diplomatic campaign to persuade France’s support the struggle for independence. Alliance with France had played a key role in the triumph of the American people.

 

Co Long Citadel in the Resistance War against Ming China Invasion:

Documents and Awareness

 

 

                                                                                 Nguyen Thi Thu Huong

                                                                                 Nam Dinh Province Museum

 

Co Long citadel or Cach citadel belonging to Binh Cach village, Yen Tho commune, Y Yen district, Nam Dinh province, built by Ming China army in the late Tran dynasty, was of special importance, a metropolis of Kien Hung, headquarter of Giao Chau - one of the five guard guards of Dongguan.

The purpose of the article is to provide the role of this citadel in the resistance war against Ming invaders of the 15th century, and to contribute to the documentation of the existing citadel in feudal Vietnam. This is also a scientific base for conservation, promoting the value of Co Long Citadel in the present-day trend of integration and development of Vietnam.

 

Giáo sư Văn Tạo (1926 - 2017) (12/04/2017)

Giáo sư Văn Tạo, tên thật là Nguyễn Xuân Đào, sinh ngày 29 tháng 4 năm 1926, tại La Tỉnh, huyện Tứ Kỳ, tỉnh Hải Dương, công tác ở Ban Văn Sử Địa từ ngày 8 tháng 12 năm 1953 đến năm 1960, ở Viện Sử học từ năm 1960 đến tháng 12 năm 1999 nghỉ hưu. Công tác Đảng từ năm 1953, Đảng ủy viên Đảng ủy Ủy ban Khoa học Nhà nước (nay là Viện Hàn lâm Khoa học xã hội Việt Nam) 1959-1960.