Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 2 - 2019

02/04/2019
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 2-2019 có bài viết của các tác giả: Vũ Dương Ninh, Vũ Minh Giang, Trần Việt Thái, Trần Khánh, Nguyễn Văn Nhật, Trần Ngọc Long, Đinh Quang Hải, Trần Hùng Minh Phương, Trần Trung Hiếu

 

MỤC LỤC

 

Vũ Dương Ninh: Bối cảnh quốc tế của cuộc chiến đấu bảo vệ biên giới phía Bắc Việt Nam năm 1979

 

Vũ Minh Giang: Cuộc chiến biên giới phía Bắc trong sự nghiệp chống ngoại xâm của dân tộc Việt Nam

 

Trần Việt Thái: Vấn đề Campuchia trong quan hệ Việt Nam - Trung Quốc giai đoạn 1975-1991

 

Trần Khánh: Vấn đề người Hoa trong cuộc chiến tranh bảo vệ viên giới phía Bắc Việt Nam

 

Nguyễn Văn Nhật: Cuộc tiến công của Trung Quốc vào các tỉnh biên giới phía Bắc Việt Nam năm 1979 - cuộc chiến "phản vệ" hay cuộc chiến bành trướng thế lực.

 

Trần Ngọc Long: Vị Xuyên "đi trước... về sau"

 

Đinh Quang Hải: Vấn đề trao trả những người bị bắt trong cuộc chiến tranh bảo vệ biên giới phía Bắc Việt Nam năm 1979

 

Trần Hùng Minh Phương: Quan hệ Việt Nam - Trung Quốc và cuộc chiến đấu bảo vệ biên giới phía Bắc trong quan hệ quốc tế thập niên 1970-1990

 

Trần Trung Hiếu: Dạy học về cuộc chiến tranh biên giới phía Bắc trong các trường phổ thông hiện nay

 

TÓM TẮT

 

The International Context of the Struggle for Vietnam's Northern  Border Defense in 1979

 

Prof. Vu Duong Ninh

Vietnam National University, Hanoi

 

Forty years have passed since the outbreak of the war to protect the northern border of Vietnam (1979 - 2019). The time allows us to look back historical events to get an objective assessment, by doing so necessary experiences are advised. This article seeks to analyze the problems from the perspective of international relations in the 1970s and 1980s in order to understand the relationship impacts among major countries on the regional situation and Vietnam's policy in the struggle for national border defense.

 

 

The North Border War in the Cause against Foreign Aggressions of the Nation

 

Prof. DrSc. Vu Minh Giang

Vietnam National University, Hanoi

 

40 years ago, 60,000 Chinese troops opened fire on Vietnamese territory across the border. Immediately this army encountered extremely fierce resistance of the army and people of border provinces. After nearly a month of suffering great losses and strong opposition from the international public opinion, on 16 March 1979, China announced to withdraw their troops from Vietnam. This article seeks to put this event into the cause of resistance war against foreign aggressions, protecting national independence and territorial integrity. It can better understand the nature and the significance of the war in the historical process.

 

 

Cambodian Problem in Vietnamese and Chinese Relations in the Period 1975 - 1991

Dr. Tran Viet Thai

Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam

 

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the People's Republic of China formally established the diplomatic relations on 18 January 1950. Until now, the Vietnamese and Chinese relations have passed 69 years of development with vicissitudes in the period 1975 - 1991 which was considered the most difficult period between the two countries. The period was also a period when "Cambodia problem" gradually became a great barrier to strongly impact to Vietnamese and Chinese relations.

In order to clarify the role and impact of the "Cambodian problem" in Vietnam - China relations during 1975 - 1991, the article seeks to focus on the following four aspects: (i) Overview of the Cambodian problem; (ii) Vietnam and Cambodia in China's strategy; (iii) Cambodian problem in Vietnamese and Chinese relations between 1975 and 1991 and (iv) Some conclusions.

 

 

 

Chinese Problem in the War for Vietnam’s Northern Border Protection

 

Assoc Prof. DrSc. Tran Khanh

Institute for Southeast Asian Studies, VASS

 

Before officially launching a war of invasion of Vietnam in the northern border on 17 February 1979, the Beijing government used tricks, including Chinese community as a tool to fight against Vietnam from the inside, adding pressure from outside, typically they stated the "victim of persecution" in 1978. After 40 years, in looking back this above-mentioned problem in order to verify the history and to illuminate a number of issues, especially in relations with China and the Chinese community, the study will provide a very useful lesson.

 

 

 

Was the China's Attack in Vietnam's Border Provinces in 1979

the "Counter-Attack for Self-Defense"

 

 

                                                           Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Nhat

Institute of History, VASS

 

In February 1979, more than 60,000 Chinese troops simultaneously attacked Vietnam on the whole Sino-Vietnamese border, destroying most of the facilities, killing thousands of Vietnamese people. The war caused tens of thousands of Vietnamese and Chinese casualties, putting stress on the Vietnamese and Chinese relations.

Before and after the attack on Vietnam, China declared it an "attack for self-defense", for "teaching Vietnam a lesson". So what is the essence of China advancing to Vietnam, "self-defense" or "power expansion"?

 

 

"Vi Xuyen" - Go Ahead ... Return Late

 

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tran Ngoc Long

Vietnam Institute of Military History

Dr. Dinh Van Trong

Economics University, Danang University

 

       40 years have passed since the outbreak of the war of national defense on the northern border of the country (1979) but it remains still painful. Many people still question themselves why, from being identified as a sub-direction, in the Chinese military's strategic plan to launch a war of aggression against Vietnam, Vi Xuyen became a hot and fierce front lasting many years after the war ended nominally?... A number of questions related to the Vi Xuyen front in the war of national defense on the northern border remain unanswered for many reasons.

 

Problem of Return of Arrestees In the Northern Border Defense War

of Vietnam in 1979

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dinh Quang Hai

Institute of History, VASS

 

Vietnam and China are the neighboring countries with close ties. The relationship between the two parties and the two governments of Vietnam and China increasingly developed. The event of February 17, 1979 with China's troops to attack Vietnam's northern border provinces is considered a testament of that vicissitude.

In difficult times, Vietnam and China still seek opportunities to cooperate on the basis of traditional friendship and human purposes. The two sides gave back arrestees in 1979 border war. In this article, we do not aim to revive the past, but from historical lessons, it will help us more and more respect and nurture relationships of two countries at present and in the future.

 

 

The Vietnamese and Chinese Relations and the Struggle for the Northern Border Protection in International Relations, 1970-1990

 

Tran Hung Minh Phuong, MA

VNU University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ho Chi Minh City

 

       On 17 February 1979, the Northern border war happened when Chinese sent their troops to Vietnam. The Vietnamese and Chinese relations were not well for a long time. With the perception that China was a great country and a neighbor of Vietnam, the affects from the relations to Vietnam’s peace and stability, Vietnam has actively promoted the normal process. This article describes the context leading to the struggle for the northern border defense of Vietnam and the process of normalizing the Vietnamese and Chinese relations.

 

 

Teaching the Northern Border War (1979) in Present-Day High Schools

 

Tran Trung Hieu, MA

Gifted Senior High School of Phan Boi Chau, Nghe An

 

History textbooks are always considered a source of official materials providing knowledge and historical awareness for high school students. In textbooks that is the fundamental knowledge of history for Vietnamese citizens.

The war to protect the northern border (1979) in the past 40 years (1979-2019) is also enough time to be seriously reconsidered on the scientific spirit of this event, thereby positively affecting the perception of historians and learners.

From a perspective of a history teacher in high school, I think this is a serious and necessary study to recognize and evaluate research results of historiography for the compilation and the promulgation of new curriculum and textbooks of current History discipline.

 

 

 

 

Giáo sư, Tiến Sĩ Phạm Xuân Nam (1934-2019) (08/04/2019)

GS.TS. Phạm Xuân Nam sinh ngày 28 tháng 6 năm 1934 tại làng Phù Lưu, xã Tân Hồng, huyện Từ Sơn, tỉnh Bắc Ninh (nay là khu phố Phù Lưu, phường Đông Ngàn, thị xã Từ Sơn, tỉnh Bắc Ninh)