Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 3 - 2019

04/04/2019
Tạp chí Nghiên cứu Lịch sử số 3-2019 có bài viết của các tác giả: Yu Insun, Nguyễn Thị Mỹ Hạnh, Tạ THị Thúy, Nguyễn Thái Yên Hương. Nguyễn Xuân Cường - Nguyễn Thị Phương Hoa, Nguyễn Tiến Dũng, Lư Vĩ An

MỤC LỤC

 

Yu Insun: Ý thức “đối Trung” của sử gia Ngô Sĩ Liên

 

Nguyễn Thị Mỹ Hạnh: Hoạt động triều cống trong quan hệ ngoại giao giữa Việt Nam và các nước Đông Nam Á lục địa thế kỷ XIX

 

Tạ Thị Thúy: Việc trồng cà phê và cao su ở Việt Nam từ cuối thế kỷ XIX đến năm 1945

 

Nguyễn Thái Yên Hương: Quan hệ Việt - Mỹ và cuộc chiến đấu bảo vệ biên giới phía Bắc: Luận giải theo góc độ tính toán lợi ích quốc gia của Mỹ

 

Nguyễn Xuân Cường- Nguyễn Thị Phương Hoa: Quan hệ Việt Nam và Trung Quốc từ khi bình thường hóa đến nay (1991-2019)

 

Nguyễn Tiến Dũng: Về lý thuyết “Chủ quyền quốc gia” trong lịch sử quan hệ quốc tế

 

Lư Vĩ An: “Târih-i Hind-i Garbi veya Hadis-i Nev” Lịch sử Tây Ấn hay Tân thế giới - Nguồn sử liệu của người Thổ Ottoman viết về châu Mỹ

 

TÓM TẮT

 

 

Consciousness "Opposite China" by Historian Ngo Si Lien

 

                                  Prof. Dr. Yu Insun

                                     Seoul National University, South Korea

 

The characteristics of ancient and medieval Vietnamese history are "in harmony with China" and "Advancing to the South". However, in some specific historical periods, especially after invasions of Chinese dynasties, the sense of "confronting China" or "resisting the north" often appeared in the ruling country.

 

The Vietnamese dynasties repelled most of these invasions but failed in the Ming invasion and suffered the domination of the Ming dynasty for 20 years. For this reason, Vietnamese dynasties on foreign relations proved to be Chinese, but in the domestic side, they still showed a sense of equality with China. The purpose of the article is analyze the anti-Chinese consciousness of the historian Ngo Si Lien who compiled the book Dai Viet su ky Toan thu (Complete Annals of Đại Việt).

 

Tributary Activities in the Diplomatic Relations between Vietnam and Southeast Asian Countries in the 19th Century

 

Dr. Nguyen Thi My Hanh

Hanoi National University of Education

 

Based on the study of the material source of the Nguyen dynasty, the article seeks to reconstruct the process of the tributary activity between Vietnam and Southeast Asian nations during the nineteenth century-the century under the authority of the Nguyen dynasty. This activity also occurred only during the period when the Nguyen Dynasty was an independent dynasty, not subject to the domination of French colonialism. From the development of this activity, the article seeks to put it in relation to the China's "tributary system" at the same time in order to draw character and essence, and to trace deep roots contributing to shaping the core features of this "system".

 

Coffee and Rubber Growing in Vietnam from the Late 19th Century to 1945

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ta Thi Thuy

Institute of History, VASS

 

Among new plants introduced by the French in Vietnam during the colonial period, coffee and rubber were highly profitable crops. Therefore, the cultivation of these plants was encouraged by the colonial government by many administrative and financial measures.

 

As a result, hundreds of plantations with thousands of hectares of coherent land were ceded to colons and capitalist companies on Tonkin, Annam (for coffee) and Cochinchina (for with rubber). These crops have brought huge profits to colonists and also created changes in the structure of the agricultural economy as well as in the life of Vietnamese peasants and rural in modern period.

 

Relations Between Vietnam and America and the Protection of the Northern Border: With the Approach of Understanding American Interest

 

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Thai Yen Huong

Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam

 

The struggle for the protection of the Northern Border of the Vietnamese was happened 40 years ago. However, its’ historical significant will be maintained not only in the mind of the people of Vietnam but also the whole mankind in the 20th century. Although, the event was dated back to history, but the question of the intervention of major powers has been still discussed and approached with different angles. With the aim to provide an explanation for the question whether the step towards normalization between Vietnam and America would help Vietnamese people not to launch an unexpected struggle to protect the whole border in the Northern area of the country at that time, the author of the article will further analyze some aspects of the relations between Vietnam and America by the approach of understanding American interests under the Jimmy Carter Administration. This approach will be meaningful not only for the historians but also for the policy makers when taking into consideration the position of Vietnam in the major powers’ calculations during the most historical changes and shifts in the international system. Thus, having influences on the policies making of super powers and other countries.

 

The article will focus on the three main contents: 1) The over lapping of relations and interests of major powers in Vietnam; 2) The Carter Administration and relations with Vietnam; 3) War compensation in Vietnam-US relations. The article explains the overlapping of interest among major powers in Vietnam including former Soviet Union, China and America during a long history.  In addition, the author also goes further to provide analysis of the difficulties and challenges of the nations who had been fighting for peace and national independence at a time of conflicts of interests among big countries by providing information and analysis regarding the fight for protecting sovereignty of Vietnam during and after the struggle for reunification.

 

Chinese and Vietnamese Relations since the Normalisation  (1991-2019)

 

Dr. Nguyen Xuan Cuong

Dr. Nguyen Thi Phuong Hoa

Institute of Chinese Studies, VASS

 

In 1991, Vietnam and China conducted the normalization after more than 10 years of crisis. Since 1991, the relations between the two countries have been restored and upgraded the "comprehensive strategic cooperation partnership". The cooperation in the field of diplomacy, politics, trade and economy and culture results in many achievements, but also faces challenges on issues at sea. In the new context, two sides need to manage well differences, to strengthen mutural trust and effective cooperation and to build stable and healthy relations and practical benefits to the people of the two countries.

 

 

On the Theory of "National Sovereignty" in the International Relation History

 

Dr. Nguyen Tien Dung

Faculty of Cultural Studies

Hanoi University of Culture

 

Nowadays, “national sovereignty” is a complex theory and its connotation causes disputes amongst scholars and researchers. As this is one of the most controversial concepts in political science and international law, in our opinion, it should be analyzed in several aspects. This article provides a historical approach in which we discuss the development of the theory “national sovereignty” throughout history.

 

“Târîh-i Hind-i Garbî veya Hadîs-i Nev” History of the West Indies or the New Word - A Historical Source of the Ottoman Turks Wrote About America

 

Lu Vi An

Istanbul University, Turkey

 

Writing historical geography in the Ottoman period not only succeeded the achievements of the Arabs and Persians before, but also was influenced by the new principles of Western scholars in the age of discovery. Târîh-i Hind-i Garbî is a typical book on the historical geography of the Ottoman Turks in the late 16th century and the early 17th century. It is the first work of the Ottoman Turks wrote about the Americas and the explorations of the New World. Simultaneously, it is also one of the printed books published by the first publishing house in Turkey.

Firstly, this article introduces its author, date of the book, origin of sources with manuscripts and printed editions of this book. Then, the article summarizes some contents of the book, including explorations of the Americas, descriptions of the lands, life of native people and features of animals, birds and plants in the New World.

 

 

 

 

 

Giáo sư, Tiến Sĩ Phạm Xuân Nam (1934-2019) (08/04/2019)

GS.TS. Phạm Xuân Nam sinh ngày 28 tháng 6 năm 1934 tại làng Phù Lưu, xã Tân Hồng, huyện Từ Sơn, tỉnh Bắc Ninh (nay là khu phố Phù Lưu, phường Đông Ngàn, thị xã Từ Sơn, tỉnh Bắc Ninh)